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Git vs GitHub: What are the differences?

Git is a distributed version control system designed for tracking changes in source code. GitHub, on the other hand, is a web-based hosting service that provides a platform for collaboration, version control, and code sharing using Git. Here are the key differences between Git and GitHub:

  1. Version Control System vs Hosting Platform: Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS) that allows you to track changes in your codebase, manage different versions of files, and collaborate with others. On the other hand, GitHub is a web-based hosting platform for Git repositories. It provides a remote repository hosting service where you can store your Git repositories and collaborate with others by sharing code, managing issues, and performing pull requests.

  2. Local vs Remote: Git operates locally on your computer, allowing you to create and manage repositories on your machine. It provides powerful command-line tools and can be used independently without any connection to a remote server. In contrast, GitHub is a remote service that provides a centralized location for hosting and sharing your Git repositories. It allows you to push your local repositories to GitHub, making them accessible to others and enabling collaboration.

  3. Collaboration and Social Features: GitHub enables developers to interact with each other through features like pull requests, code reviews, issue tracking, and project management tools. GitHub also allows for seamless collaboration among team members and facilitates community contributions to open-source projects. While Git itself supports collaboration, GitHub enhances and simplifies the collaboration process with its web-based interface and additional features.

  4. Additional Services: GitHub offers additional services and integrations that go beyond basic version control. It provides features like continuous integration (CI) and continuous deployment (CD) pipelines through GitHub Actions, code scanning for security vulnerabilities, project management tools, and package repositories. These services extend the capabilities of Git repositories and provide a more comprehensive development platform.

In summary, Git is a powerful distributed version control system used for tracking changes in code, while GitHub is a web-based hosting platform that provides additional collaboration and project management features on top of Git. While Git can be used independently, GitHub serves as a centralized hub for hosting repositories, collaborating with others, and accessing a wide range of development tools and services.

Decisions about Git and GitHub
Weverton Timoteo

To communicate isn’t just getting rid of syntax errors and making code work. The code should communicate ideas to people through a programming language that computers can also understand.

You should adopt semantic variables, classes, modules, and methods names. For instance, in Ruby, we avoid using particular prefixes such as is_paid, get_name and set_name. In their places, we use directly paid?, name, and name=.

My advice is to use idiomatic and features that the programming language you use offers to you whenever possible, and figure out ways to better pass the message.

Why wouldn’t we be worried about semantics, typos, and styles? We should care for the quality of our code, and the many concepts that define it. You can start by using a linter to collect some issues from your codebase automatically.

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Weverton Timoteo

Do you review your Pull/Merge Request before assigning Reviewers?

If you work in a team opening a Pull Request (or Merge Request) looks appropriate. However, have you ever thought about opening a Pull/Merge Request when working by yourself? Here's a checklist of things you can review in your own:

  • Pick the correct target branch
  • Make Drafts explicit
  • Name things properly
  • Ask help for tools
  • Remove the noise
  • Fetch necessary data
  • Understand Mergeability
  • Pass the message
  • Add screenshots
  • Be found in the future
  • Comment inline in your changes

Read the blog post for more detailed explanation for each item :D

What else do you review before asking for code review?

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Weverton Timoteo

Using an inclusive language is crucial for fostering a diverse culture. Git has changed the naming conventions to be more language-inclusive, and so you should change. Our development tools, like GitHub and GitLab, already supports the change.

SourceLevel deals very nicely with repositories that changed the master branch to a more appropriate word. Besides, you can use the grep linter the look for exclusive terms contained in the source code.

As the inclusive language gap may happen in other aspects of our lives, have you already thought about them?

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Weverton Timoteo

One of the magic tricks git performs is the ability to rewrite log history. You can do it in many ways, but git rebase -i is the one I most use. With this command, It’s possible to switch commits order, remove a commit, squash two or more commits, or edit, for instance.

It’s particularly useful to run it before opening a pull request. It allows developers to “clean up” the mess and organize commits before submitting to review. If you follow the practice 3 and 4, then the list of commits should look very similar to a task list. It should reveal the rationale you had, telling the story of how you end up with that final code.

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Kamaleshwar BN
Senior Software Engineer at Pulley · | 8 upvotes · 664K views

Out of most of the VCS solutions out there, we found Gitlab was the most feature complete with a free community edition. Their DevSecops offering is also a very robust solution. Gitlab CI/CD was quite easy to setup and the direct integration with your VCS + CI/CD is also a bonus. Out of the box integration with major cloud providers, alerting through instant messages etc. are all extremely convenient. We push our CI/CD updates to MS Teams.

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Gitlab as A LOT of features that GitHub and Azure DevOps are missing. Even if both GH and Azure are backed by Microsoft, GitLab being open source has a faster upgrade rate and the hosted by gitlab.com solution seems more appealing than anything else! Quick win: the UI is way better and the Pipeline is way easier to setup on GitLab!

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(1/2) In terms of DevOps we chose GitHub, Git, Visual Studio Code, Sentry, Yarn, CircleCI.

  • GitHub was chosen because of its features such as GitHub Projects, GitHub Issues, and GitHub Milestones, which are normally separate tools such as Trello for issue tracking, but come as part a package with GitHub. This choice is also influenced by our decision for using Git for version control.

  • Git was chosen as our version control because of the wide popularity, familiarity in our team, and rich list of tools that support integrations. A tool such as Perforce does not suit our needs because we do not require the mapping features important to huge code bases and the lack of many popular integrations is not appealing.

  • Visual Studio Code was chosen as our primary source-code editor for an array of reasons. VS code works well with our chosen version control system since it comes with embedded Git control out of the box. For every language or framework that we are working in, there are multiple extensions to improve our team's productivity and efficiency. It also has live collaboration through their LiveShare feature and more, all while maintaining itself as a lightweight tool.

  • Sentry, Yarn, andCircleCI in part 2.

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YUVRENDER GILL

We will use the ubiquitous combination of Git for version control and GitHub for code hosting. They have all the functionality we require for this project and will fit perfectly into our development workflow with up to three developers working simultaneously on the codebase. We also plan on using GitHub Actions to set up our CI/CD workflows.

VS Code will be our primary code editor due to its combination of developer-friendly features, including a large extensions library, IntelliSense code completion, Git integration, and powerful debugging tools. Furthermore, it offers better performance and more simplicity than full-fledged IDEs while supporting a multitude of languages.

Selenium will be used to perform automated testing of our web application. It supports all major web browsers and operating systems and supports test scripts to be written in multiple languages, including Python which we are also planning to use for our back-end, helping us to consolidate the languages required for our project. In addition, Selenium is free and has support for most CI/CD tools.

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Nazar Atamaniuk
Shared insights
on
DeployPlaceDeployPlaceGitHubGitHubGitLabGitLab

At DeployPlace we use self-hosted GitLab, we have chosen GitLab as most of us are familiar with it. We are happy with all features GitLab provides, I can’t imagine our life without integrated GitLab CI. Another important feature for us is integrated code review tool, we use it every day, we use merge requests, code reviews, branching. To be honest, most of us have GitHub accounts as well, we like to contribute in open source, and we want to be a part of the tech community, but lack of solutions from GitHub in the area of CI doesn’t let us chose it for our projects.

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Pros of Git
Pros of GitHub
  • 1.4K
    Distributed version control system
  • 1.1K
    Efficient branching and merging
  • 959
    Fast
  • 845
    Open source
  • 726
    Better than svn
  • 368
    Great command-line application
  • 306
    Simple
  • 291
    Free
  • 232
    Easy to use
  • 222
    Does not require server
  • 27
    Distributed
  • 22
    Small & Fast
  • 18
    Feature based workflow
  • 15
    Staging Area
  • 13
    Most wide-spread VSC
  • 11
    Role-based codelines
  • 11
    Disposable Experimentation
  • 7
    Frictionless Context Switching
  • 6
    Data Assurance
  • 5
    Efficient
  • 4
    Just awesome
  • 3
    Github integration
  • 3
    Easy branching and merging
  • 2
    Compatible
  • 2
    Flexible
  • 2
    Possible to lose history and commits
  • 1
    Rebase supported natively; reflog; access to plumbing
  • 1
    Light
  • 1
    Team Integration
  • 1
    Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
  • 1
    Easy
  • 1
    Flexible, easy, Safe, and fast
  • 1
    CLI is great, but the GUI tools are awesome
  • 1
    It's what you do
  • 0
    Phinx
  • 1.8K
    Open source friendly
  • 1.5K
    Easy source control
  • 1.3K
    Nice UI
  • 1.1K
    Great for team collaboration
  • 867
    Easy setup
  • 504
    Issue tracker
  • 486
    Great community
  • 482
    Remote team collaboration
  • 451
    Great way to share
  • 442
    Pull request and features planning
  • 147
    Just works
  • 132
    Integrated in many tools
  • 121
    Free Public Repos
  • 116
    Github Gists
  • 112
    Github pages
  • 83
    Easy to find repos
  • 62
    Open source
  • 60
    It's free
  • 60
    Easy to find projects
  • 56
    Network effect
  • 49
    Extensive API
  • 43
    Organizations
  • 42
    Branching
  • 34
    Developer Profiles
  • 32
    Git Powered Wikis
  • 30
    Great for collaboration
  • 24
    It's fun
  • 23
    Clean interface and good integrations
  • 22
    Community SDK involvement
  • 20
    Learn from others source code
  • 16
    Because: Git
  • 14
    It integrates directly with Azure
  • 10
    Standard in Open Source collab
  • 10
    Newsfeed
  • 8
    It integrates directly with Hipchat
  • 8
    Fast
  • 8
    Beautiful user experience
  • 7
    Easy to discover new code libraries
  • 6
    Smooth integration
  • 6
    Cloud SCM
  • 6
    Nice API
  • 6
    Graphs
  • 6
    Integrations
  • 6
    It's awesome
  • 5
    Quick Onboarding
  • 5
    Reliable
  • 5
    Remarkable uptime
  • 5
    CI Integration
  • 5
    Hands down best online Git service available
  • 4
    Uses GIT
  • 4
    Version Control
  • 4
    Simple but powerful
  • 4
    Unlimited Public Repos at no cost
  • 4
    Free HTML hosting
  • 4
    Security options
  • 4
    Loved by developers
  • 4
    Easy to use and collaborate with others
  • 3
    Ci
  • 3
    IAM
  • 3
    Nice to use
  • 3
    Easy deployment via SSH
  • 2
    Easy to use
  • 2
    Leads the copycats
  • 2
    All in one development service
  • 2
    Free private repos
  • 2
    Free HTML hostings
  • 2
    Easy and efficient maintainance of the projects
  • 2
    Beautiful
  • 2
    Easy source control and everything is backed up
  • 2
    IAM integration
  • 2
    Very Easy to Use
  • 2
    Good tools support
  • 2
    Issues tracker
  • 2
    Never dethroned
  • 2
    Self Hosted
  • 1
    Dasf
  • 1
    Profound

Sign up to add or upvote prosMake informed product decisions

Cons of Git
Cons of GitHub
  • 16
    Hard to learn
  • 11
    Inconsistent command line interface
  • 9
    Easy to lose uncommitted work
  • 7
    Worst documentation ever possibly made
  • 5
    Awful merge handling
  • 3
    Unexistent preventive security flows
  • 3
    Rebase hell
  • 2
    When --force is disabled, cannot rebase
  • 2
    Ironically even die-hard supporters screw up badly
  • 1
    Doesn't scale for big data
  • 53
    Owned by micrcosoft
  • 37
    Expensive for lone developers that want private repos
  • 15
    Relatively slow product/feature release cadence
  • 10
    API scoping could be better
  • 8
    Only 3 collaborators for private repos
  • 3
    Limited featureset for issue management
  • 2
    GitHub Packages does not support SNAPSHOT versions
  • 2
    Does not have a graph for showing history like git lens
  • 1
    No multilingual interface
  • 1
    Takes a long time to commit
  • 1
    Expensive

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- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Git?

Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.

What is GitHub?

GitHub is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and complete strangers. Over three million people use GitHub to build amazing things together.

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What companies use Git?
What companies use GitHub?
See which teams inside your own company are using Git or GitHub.
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What tools integrate with Git?
What tools integrate with GitHub?

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Blog Posts

Mar 24 2021 at 12:57PM

Pinterest

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DigitalOcean

GitHubMySQLPostgreSQL+11
2
2365
GitJenkinsGroovy+4
4
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GitCloudBees+2
3
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GitHubOptimizelySegment+3
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Git.NETCloudBees+3
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LaunchDarkly

GitHubLaunchDarkly+2
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1113
What are some alternatives to Git and GitHub?
SVN (Subversion)
Subversion exists to be universally recognized and adopted as an open-source, centralized version control system characterized by its reliability as a safe haven for valuable data; the simplicity of its model and usage; and its ability to support the needs of a wide variety of users and projects, from individuals to large-scale enterprise operations.
Bitbucket
Bitbucket gives teams one place to plan projects, collaborate on code, test and deploy, all with free private Git repositories. Teams choose Bitbucket because it has a superior Jira integration, built-in CI/CD, & is free for up to 5 users.
Perforce
Visibility, access control, workflow and code management for Git environments. Flexibility of collaborating on the same codebase and code reviews using any combination of Perforce and Git workflows and tools without compromise.
Mercurial
Mercurial is dedicated to speed and efficiency with a sane user interface. It is written in Python. Mercurial's implementation and data structures are designed to be fast. You can generate diffs between revisions, or jump back in time within seconds.
GitLab
GitLab offers git repository management, code reviews, issue tracking, activity feeds and wikis. Enterprises install GitLab on-premise and connect it with LDAP and Active Directory servers for secure authentication and authorization. A single GitLab server can handle more than 25,000 users but it is also possible to create a high availability setup with multiple active servers.
See all alternatives