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Flyway vs Hibernate: What are the differences?

Key Differences between Flyway and Hibernate

Flyway and Hibernate are both popular Java tools used for database management and migration. While they serve similar purposes, there are several key differences between the two:

  1. Migration Approach: Flyway follows a versioned approach for database migration, where each migration script is assigned a unique version number. It ensures the scripts are executed in the correct order and maintains a history of executed scripts. On the other hand, Hibernate uses an automatic schema generation strategy, where the database schema is automatically created based on the entity annotations in the code.

  2. Data Modification: Flyway focuses solely on database schema migration and does not handle data modification. It is meant to manage structural changes in the database, such as creating or altering tables and columns. Hibernate, on the other hand, provides a full-fledged Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) solution, allowing for easy manipulation of entities and their associated data.

  3. Scripting Language: Flyway supports a wide range of scripting languages for migration scripts, including SQL, Java, Groovy, and more. It provides flexibility for developers to write migration scripts in a language of their choice. On the other hand, Hibernate primarily uses Hibernate Query Language (HQL) or Java Persistence Query Language (JPQL) for database operations.

  4. Version Control Integration: Flyway offers excellent integration with version control systems, allowing developers to store and manage their database migration scripts alongside their application code. It tracks changes made to the scripts, making it easier to collaborate and manage changes in a team environment. Hibernate does not provide native integration with version control systems, making it more challenging to track and manage database schema changes.

  5. SQL-Based Migrations: Flyway encourages the use of SQL-based migration scripts, making it easier to work with existing databases and apply changes in a non-destructive manner. It supports both forward and backward migrations, allowing for seamless upgrades and rollbacks. Hibernate, on the other hand, relies on object-oriented entity relationships and manipulation, which may not be suitable for all database scenarios.

  6. Performance: Due to its lightweight and focused nature, Flyway is generally considered to have better performance compared to Hibernate for database migration tasks. It avoids the overhead associated with ORMs and provides a streamlined approach specifically for database schema changes. Hibernate, on the other hand, may introduce additional overhead and complexity due to its comprehensive ORM capabilities.

In summary, Flyway and Hibernate differ in their migration approach, data modification capabilities, scripting language support, version control integration, SQL-based migrations, and performance. While Flyway focuses solely on database schema migration in a versioned manner, Hibernate offers a more comprehensive ORM solution with automatic schema generation capabilities.

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Pros of Flyway
Pros of Hibernate
  • 13
    Superb tool, easy to configure and use
  • 9
    Very easy to config, great support on plain sql scripts
  • 6
    Is fantastic and easy to install even with complex DB
  • 4
    Simple and intuitive
  • 1
    Easy tool to implement incremental migration
  • 22
    Easy ORM
  • 8
    Easy transaction definition
  • 3
    Is integrated with spring jpa

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Cons of Flyway
Cons of Hibernate
  • 3
    "Undo Migrations" requires pro version, very expensive
  • 3
    Can't control proxy associations when entity graph used

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What is Flyway?

It lets you regain control of your database migrations with pleasure and plain sql. Solves only one problem and solves it well. It migrates your database, so you don't have to worry about it anymore.

What is Hibernate?

Hibernate is a suite of open source projects around domain models. The flagship project is Hibernate ORM, the Object Relational Mapper.

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What companies use Hibernate?
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