Bootstrap vs Foundation vs Material-UI

Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

Bootstrap

52.8K
11.7K
+ 1
7.6K
Foundation

1.2K
1.1K
+ 1
735
Material-UI

1.5K
2.7K
+ 1
356

Bootstrap vs Foundation vs Material UI: What are the differences?

When it comes to development, an actively upgraded front-end component library is crucial. Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS library in the world. It is free and open source and has been instrumental in supporting responsive, mobile-first front-end web development. This front-end framework helps speed up your development by saving time to write code. Foundation, on the other hand, provides responsive frameworks for sites and emails. Material UI provides excellent support for UI/UX while relying on the graphic layout. It provides support for UI development with styling as well. Material Design helps define how particular elements in a page are designed, behave and are put together.

Advice on Bootstrap, Foundation, and Material-UI
Needs advice
on
reactstrap
and
Material-UI

My React website is a simple 5-pager that attaches to a database to store and display registrations and other data. The user (small user base) can change any form elements, but I don't need theme-ing, though that would be fun for the user. reactstrap/react-bootstrap built on Bootstrap 4 sounds dated. I am familiar with reactstrap, but a friend said to try Material-UI. The thought of learning it is interesting, but somehow I think it might be overkill. So... reactstrap, react-bootstrap, or Material UI, which should I use?

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Replies (8)

MaterialUI may be overkill for such a simple project, you're right. So I'm recommending both tools in this StackShare form.

But if it's planned to increase the project, consider migrating it to MUI in advance. Among its pros I can name: - brilliant TS support - all popular use cases covered - well documented - backed by sponsors == will live and be maintained

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Recommends
Material-UI

I recommend Material-UI for a couple reasons. 1. It’s very easy to throw MUI into React. You can essentially just import the components you need in place of yours. Effectively, for a button, for example, you can swap out <button for MUI’s <Button and you can be done if that’s all you want. Looks great, no hassle, and they have simple guides to help you make good UI decisions on top of that. 2. It’s pretty up-to-date, and it has great docs. I use MUI all the time, and if I were doing a simple, small user-base app, I would definitely use it for the sake of convenience and speed of development.

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Robert Smith
Tech Delivery Manager at self · | 2 upvotes · 9.1K views
Recommends

I've used material UI and had great success with it on React projects. Semantic UI is also another great option https://semantic-ui.com/.

When you say its "overkill", I would think long term. I do a lot of small projects not only for the purpose of the project, but also for learning, future projects and to use professionaly. It's a long-term investment.

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Recommends
Material-UI

Much more modern in terms on support for css in js. But go for v5 not v4 as material-ui is going through a transition in term of its own implementation

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Recommends
Material-UI

Material-UI looks great and is easy to use. Highly recommended, my favourite UI framework for React.

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Malik Bagwala
Front-end Developer at Vesatogo Innovations · | 1 upvotes · 9.2K views
Recommends
Chakra UI

Chakra UI seems like the perfect fit in my opinion. It has a much powerful design system, all the necessary components and it is dead simple to learn. And pretty easy to customize too.

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Flavio Ribeiro
REACT DEVELOPER at Beblue · | 1 upvotes · 9.1K views
Recommends
Material-UI

Material-UI is the good choice for a small project. It's fast for development, maintenance, and is ready to use. It HaveMaterial-UI is the good choice for a small project. It's fast for development, maintenance, and is ready to use. Has an excellent documentation with pratic examples.

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Recommends

It's totally the design decision if you like to follow bootstrap design then you should go for reactstrap. But if you want to follow google material design then you should go for material ui.

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Needs advice
on
Next.js
Material-UI
and
Ant Design

Hi, I start building an admin dashboard with next.js and looking for a frontend framework ( components ready ). So I end up with Ant Design and Material-UI, but I never built a project with these two.

Here is a list of my requirements.

  1. Good documentation.
  2. easy CRUD ( date picker and date range picker bundled )
  3. built-in multi-lang feature or Great 3rd library support
  4. Admin dashboard template
  5. well code maintenance

Which is better for the long run?

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Replies (2)
Recommends

I'm using both of them. But If you want to create admin dashboard, You should try AntDesign. They (Alibaba / Taobao) created a group of UI libaries to create admin dashboard. It's production ready. https://procomponents.ant.design/en-US/components/table https://pro.ant.design/docs/layout In my opinion, If you want to create a dashboard with mobile first / simple dashboard, you can choice material ui. otherwise, antdesign is better (if you want focus on desktop /tablet ui). Some of skeleton has built with material ui such as react-admin is good point to start. But if you want to create admin site with antdesign, I think you should build with umijs (it is alternative and compatible with nextjs and antd support directlly)

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Irving Caamal
Full Stack Developer at Freelance · | 2 upvotes · 37K views
Recommends

https://github.com/uber/baseweb I highly recommend you baseweb, it's easy and very customizable and also beautiful.

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Ashish Sharma
Sr. UI Associate at Daffodil Software · | 4 upvotes · 321.7K views

I am a bit confused when to choose Bootstrap vs Material Design or Tailwind CSS, and why? I mean, in which kind of projects we can work with bootstrap/Material/Tailwind CSS? If the design is made up on the grid, we prefer bootstrap, and if flat design, then material design. Similarly, when do we choose tailwind CSS?

Any suggestion would be appreciated?

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Replies (2)

Hi Ashish,

If you need minimal work to be done from your end and like most of the components / design available out of the box - go with Bootstrap. This is the oldest and has the widest adoption and a whole range of components built out by others.

If you like Material design, this is a good choice too. Please note that Bootstrap also has a Material theme, though it is not as native.

Both of these above frameworks are bulky and has more than what you may need.

If you like to build micro-components in a elegant way, TailwindCSS is the way to go.

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I don't know about material design.

You would go with Bootstrap if you want to prototype / build something without bothering about the design at all and you are OK if everything looks kinda template-y, using bootstrap out of the box components.

Go with Tailwind if you need a sleek design, a user interface where building with components will be important (because tailwind strongly favors component-based UI), and you know you will need to extend the built-in classes with your own (because tailwind is very easy to extend)

I would personally recommend tailwind over bootstrap any day of the week.

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Needs advice
on
Tailwind CSS
and
Bootstrap

I am planning to redesign my entire application, which is currently in Bootstrap. I heard about Tailwind CSS, and I think its really cool to work with. Is it okay if I use Bootstrap and Tailwind together? I can't remove Bootstrap altogether, as my application is using the js dependencies of Bootstrap, which I don't want to disturb.

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Replies (3)
Ivo Pereira

Factually talking about systems, we gotta make two bold headlines about each one: Bootstrap has been around for a while, has a vast community and much probably will not be gone in a while. Tailwind in the other hand, is the trendy framework starting from the past year. Referring to UI, I really prefer Tailwind, however I can't ignore the fact that a lot of libraries that emerged felt short in the end after a few years (a point where Bootstrap kept his status).

You are able to use both them together but I advise you — it will be a mess. And you gotta hope that you won't have any kind of conflicts between class naming and other general styling.

My recommendation would be to use one and only one. Perhaps rebuild the UI with a specific framework in mind, otherwise you will start to workaround things of both frameworks to contradict each other - and your team (if you work with one) will hate you.

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Arslan Ameer
at Synares Systems Pvt Ltd · | 5 upvotes · 275.1K views
Recommends
Bootstrap

You might have heard about bootstrap 5. Bootstrap is now totally jQuery free. i have tried foundation and bulma too. but eventually fall again for bootstrap, as it is most convenient and stable. i use bootstrap with less or sass.

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Barry Hylton
Recommends
Bootstrap

I use both of these regularly. If you're going to have to use Bootstrap due to your js dependencies, stick with Bootstrap. I actually prefer Tailwind, but trying to use both of them and make them "play nice" feels like making things more complex with no real benefit.

EDIT: Sorry for the late response, I just noticed how old this is. StackShare sent me this in an email for some reason so I assumed it was relatively fresh.

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Daniel Hernández Alcojor
Frontend Developer at atSistemas · | 8 upvotes · 405.1K views
Needs advice
on
UIkIt
Bulma
and
Bootstrap

I'm building, from scratch, a webapp. It's going to be a dashboard to check on our apps in New Relic and update the Apdex from the webapp. I have just chosen Next.js as our framework because we use React already, and after going through the tutorial, I just loved the latest changes they have implemented.

But we have to decide on a CSS framework for the UI. I'm partial to Bulma because I love that it's all about CSS (and you can use SCSS from the start), that it's rather lightweight and that it doesn't come with JavaScript clutter. One of the things I hate about Bootstrap is that you depend on jQuery to use the JavaScript part. My boss loves UIkIt, but when I've used it in the past, I didn't like it.

What do you think we should use? Maybe you have another suggestion?

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Replies (6)
Recommends
UIkIt

I have used bulma in several projects. We could not customize with the websites very well. Also when we need "quick solutions" Bulma is not suitable (I mean basic animations, to-top buttons, transparent navbar solutions etc. For these solutions, you need extra js codes).

Everybody knows about Bootstrap (heavy but popular).

Now we start a new project with UI kit, I like it. Pros: It is fast and lightweight and imho it has very good UI. Cons: Small community. Documentation.

Check this link for kick-off. https://github.com/zzseba78/Kick-Off

Maybe it is helpful.

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Damien Lucchese
Recommends
Bulma

Been checking out Bulma, myself, and really dig it. I like that it's a great base level jumping off point. You can get a layout going with it, pretty quickly, and then customize as you want. It definitely sounds like it's the one you're leaning towards but a big factor would be who will be using it most? Your boss, yourself, others? Whichever you like best, you'll prob be most productive with but if in the end your boss says it has to be UIkit, then best to be open-minded and give it another shot. Sometimes you may not jive with new tools in your stack, at first, but then they can become tools you learn to love. Best to you in your decision! Take care & keep safe.

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Recommends
Diez

I've moved away from the concept of UI kits. Not that many support CSS grid. A lot of the icons are easier to use in SVG. I've had success in the concept of design framework and design tokens. I build my brand identity in Figma, and extract in Diez. Then Diez integrates into React and SASS. Much easier because design is decoupled from software in a central authority, and software updates automatically from design changes.

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Recommends
Bulma

Honestly - pick whatever you are the most comfortable with. You can achieve almost the same effects with different tools, so why not use something I like using?

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Tomer Fishaimer
Frontend Architect at Aqua Security · | 2 upvotes · 261.6K views
Recommends
Tailwind CSS

Actually it really depends on your needs, there are 3 types of UI frameworks you can use:

  1. A complete set of UI components like: https://react-bulma.dev/en/getting-started.

    Pros:

    Having a lot of pre-built UI components saves a lot of time

    Cons:

    need to learn the react framework and the bulma styles, and it's harder to customize to your needs

  2. A pure css framework, like Bulma, where you write all the components yourself.

    Pros:

    A lot of flexibility to build the components you need

    Cons:

    You are bound to Bulma classes and markup.

    Takes more time since you need to build the components

  3. A utility class framework like: https://tailwindcss.com/.

Pros:

Most flexible, mix and match classes as you like and build your own markup

Very easy to customize to your needs

Cons:

Might take time to get used to and takes more time since you need to build the components

If you choose options one, then it's just a matter of deciding what style you like (material,ant, bulma) and go with the library that implements it If you go with pure css and build your own components, I can't recommend tailwind enough, I've been finding myself building entire pages without writing a single line of css.

And if later on, the designer wants to make a change to some color, or size, I just need to change one value in the config file, and the entire app is updated.

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Needs advice
on
UIkIt
Tailwind CSS
and
Bootstrap

We are re-modifying the existing portal to the new one. Looking out for a CSS framework where over-rides are possible, the performance of page loading, extendable, etc Please suggest between tailwind, UIkit and bootstrap frameworks explaining in detail on different factors. I request your help on the same.

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Replies (2)
Brett Stevenson
Recommends
Bootstrap

I'm a big proponent of Tailwind and I personally use it whenever I get the chance, mostly because it's not really a UI-kit, but it sounds like in this case a UI-kit like Bootstrap with pre-defined components is more what you are looking for. Bootstrap is (relatively) extendable and overridable and makes it really simple to make a decent looking UI using a handful of pre-defined classes, whereas with Tailwind you configure the classes and create your own components. My main reason for replacing Bootstrap in my workflow is that it feels like the component creation has become so abstracted from the developer that any meaningful customization becomes a chore, resulting in many websites having the generic "Bootstrap-look". Nonetheless, it is effective for creating a pleasant and responsive UI. Though, I don't have any experience with UIkit.

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Collins Ogbuzuru
Front-end dev at Evolve credit · | 0 upvotes · 232.3K views
Recommends
Tailwind CSS

Hey Sai, My thoughts on UIkit - It's beautiful, it's fast and it has good animation too. Why would I choose it ? Nothing other than giving the internet a new look .

My thoughts on Bootstrap - it's beautiful, if used well. It's very fast and has clean class naming convention unlike Uikit.

Why I would choose it ? It's been tested and trusted, I can find a whole lot of resources and a community around it. Also with the type of project you working on I bet Bootstrap would do the job .

My thoughts on tailwind - classic, difficult to set up and clean utilities. I wouldn't think of tailwind the way I would to Bootstrap or UIkit. What do I mean ? Tailwind is more like a tool set to create your own design flow rather than giving you a pre-designed button it gives you the ability to design yours.

My final thoughts.

If you have the time , setup and use tailwind it will give you a great chance when it comes to extending and performance.

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Decisions about Bootstrap, Foundation, and Material-UI
Ryan Wans

Ant Design offers the most components with JS and CSS taken care of. They look clean, professional, and usable.

We paired this with Bulma for making the containers and structure reactive. Bulma (for react) make it easy to just add a section, container, and content and have it work on all platforms.

We also use Geist UI, though not recognized by Stack share, for its simple and modern feel. Highly recommend Geist if you want modern components for complicated UI's

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Kexin Lin
at University of Toronto · | 8 upvotes · 95.4K views

I replaced Bootstrap with Material-UI during the front-end UI development, because Material-UI adopts a component-based importing style, making it suit well in a "React programming style". This makes me comfortable when programming because I can treat importing UI components as other React components I define.

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Xinyi Liu
Software Developer at BigClarity · | 6 upvotes · 157.2K views

As our team will be building a web application, HTML5 and CSS3 are one of the standardized combinations to implement the structure and the styling of a webpage. Material-UI comes with all sorts of predesigned web components such as buttons and dropdowns that will save us tons of development time. Since it is a component library designed for React, it suits our needs. However, we do acknowledge that predesigned components may sometimes cause pains especially when it comes to custom styling. To make our life even easier, we also adopted Tailwind CSS. It is a CSS framework providing low-level utility classes that will act as building blocks when we create custom designs.

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Bridget Sarah
Full Stack Developer at Bridget Sarah · | 10 upvotes · 326.2K views

I do prefer to write things from scratch however when it came to wanting to jump-start the frontend, I found that it was taking me a lot longer hence why needing to use something very fast.

Bootstrap was the boom when it came out, I didn't like it, to be honest, set in its way and a pain to over-ride and in addition, you can tell from a distance if you're using boostrap and as everything looks the same.

I came across Tailwind CSS as I wanted more dynamic features, you could say, I've been now doing it for a few days and I love it a lot. I've been practising with the full stack part installed but I an't we wait until I do a new project, and I'll e able to select exactly what I want. Much faster.

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Fonts and typography are fun. Material Design is a framework (developed by Google) that basically geeks out on how to assemble your typographical elements together into a design language. If you're into fonts and typography, it's fantastic. It provides a theming engine, reusable components, and can pull different user interfaces together under a common design paradigm. I'd highly recommend looking into Borries Schwesinger's book "The Form Book" if you're going to be working with Material UI or are otherwise new to component design.

https://www.amazon.com/Form-Book-Creating-Printed-Online/dp/0500515085

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Pros of Bootstrap
Pros of Foundation
Pros of Material-UI
  • 1.6K
    Responsiveness
  • 1.2K
    UI components
  • 943
    Consistent
  • 777
    Great docs
  • 677
    Flexible
  • 466
    HTML, CSS, and JS framework
  • 411
    Open source
  • 375
    Widely used
  • 368
    Customizable
  • 241
    HTML framework
  • 76
    Popular
  • 75
    Easy setup
  • 75
    Mobile first
  • 56
    Great grid system
  • 49
    Great community
  • 38
    Future compatibility
  • 34
    Integration
  • 27
    Very powerful foundational front-end framework
  • 24
    Standard
  • 23
    Javascript plugins
  • 19
    Build faster prototypes
  • 18
    Preprocessors
  • 13
    Grids
  • 8
    Clean
  • 7
    Good for a person who hates CSS
  • 4
    Easy to setup and learn
  • 4
    Love it
  • 4
    Rapid development
  • 3
    Great and easy to use
  • 2
    Provide angular wrapper
  • 2
    Easy to use
  • 2
    Community
  • 2
    Powerful grid system, Rapid development, Customization
  • 2
    Popularity
  • 2
    Great customer support
  • 2
    Clean and quick frontend development
  • 2
    Great and easy to make a responsive website
  • 2
    Sprzedam opla
  • 2
    Great and easy
  • 1
    Material-ui
  • 1
    Reactjs
  • 1
    Geo
  • 1
    Boostrap
  • 1
    Pre-Defined components
  • 1
    Not tied to jQuery
  • 1
    Responsive design
  • 1
    Design Agnostic
  • 1
    Recognizable
  • 1
    Intuitive
  • 1
    Love the classes?
  • 1
    It's fast
  • 1
    Felxible, comfortable, user-friendly
  • 1
    The fame
  • 1
    Easy setup2
  • 1
    Painless front end development
  • 1
    So clean and simple
  • 1
    Numerous components
  • 0
    Frefsd
  • 158
    Responsive grid
  • 92
    Mobile first
  • 79
    Open source
  • 75
    Semantic
  • 72
    Customizable
  • 51
    Quick to prototype
  • 50
    Simple ui
  • 45
    Fast
  • 44
    Best practices
  • 39
    Easy setup
  • 6
    Neutral style
  • 6
    HTML, SCSS and JS
  • 5
    Professional
  • 5
    Accessibility support
  • 3
    Xy grid
  • 2
    Every new version is smaller, smarter & more efficient
  • 2
    Sass
  • 1
    Robust
  • 113
    React
  • 75
    Material Design
  • 46
    Ui components
  • 23
    CSS framework
  • 18
    Component
  • 11
    Looks great
  • 9
    LESS
  • 9
    Responsive
  • 8
    Good documentation
  • 6
    Open source
  • 5
    Code examples
  • 5
    Ui component
  • 5
    Flexible
  • 4
    JSS
  • 3
    Supports old browsers out of the box
  • 3
    Angular
  • 3
    Very accessible
  • 2
    Designed for Server Side Rendering
  • 2
    LADO
  • 2
    Interface
  • 2
    Fun
  • 1
    Asdasd
  • 1
    Easy to work with
  • 0
    555

Sign up to add or upvote prosMake informed product decisions

Cons of Bootstrap
Cons of Foundation
Cons of Material-UI
  • 25
    Javascript is tied to jquery
  • 16
    Every site uses the defaults
  • 14
    Too much heavy decoration in default look
  • 14
    Grid system break points aren't ideal
  • 8
    Verbose styles
  • 1
    Super heavy
  • 4
    Awful site
  • 4
    Requires jQuery
  • 26
    Hard to learn. Bad documentation
  • 22
    Hard to customize
  • 18
    Hard to understand Docs
  • 6
    Bad performance
  • 5
    Extra library needed for date/time pickers
  • 5
    For editable table component need to use material-table
  • 5
    Long Code

Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

What is Bootstrap?

Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web.

What is Foundation?

Foundation is the most advanced responsive front-end framework in the world. You can quickly prototype and build sites or apps that work on any kind of device with Foundation, which includes layout constructs (like a fully responsive grid), elements and best practices.

What is Material-UI?

MUI (formerly Material-UI) is the React UI library you always wanted. Follow your own design system, or start with Material Design.

Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

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What are some alternatives to Bootstrap, Foundation, and Material-UI?
Semantic UI
Semantic empowers designers and developers by creating a shared vocabulary for UI.
jQuery
jQuery is a cross-platform JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML.
Material
Express your creativity with Material, an animation and graphics framework for Google's Material Design and Apple's Flat UI in Swift.
React
Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
Material Design
Material Design is a unified system that combines theory, resources, and tools for crafting digital experiences.
See all alternatives