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Apache Cordova

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866
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Capacitor

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Apache Cordova vs Capacitor: What are the differences?

Developers describe Apache Cordova as "Platform for building native mobile applications using HTML, CSS and JavaScript". Apache Cordova is a set of device APIs that allow a mobile app developer to access native device function such as the camera or accelerometer from JavaScript. Combined with a UI framework such as jQuery Mobile or Dojo Mobile or Sencha Touch, this allows a smartphone app to be developed with just HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. On the other hand, Capacitor is detailed as "The Native Bridge for Cross-Platform Web Apps". Invoke Native SDKs on iOS, Android, Electron, and the Web with one code base. Optimized for Ionic Framework apps, or use with any web app framework.`.

Apache Cordova and Capacitor can be primarily classified as "Cross-Platform Mobile Development" tools.

Some of the features offered by Apache Cordova are:

  • Cross-platform (CLI) workflow
  • Platform-centered workflow
  • Hundreds of plugins

On the other hand, Capacitor provides the following key features:

  • Build web apps that run equally well on iOS, Android, Electron, and as Progressive Web Apps
  • Access the full Native SDK on each platform, and easily deploy to App Stores (and the web!)
  • It provides native functionality for web apps, and is optimized for Ionic Framework

Apache Cordova and Capacitor are both open source tools. Capacitor with 3.79K GitHub stars and 462 forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Apache Cordova with 821 GitHub stars and 336 GitHub forks.

호갱노노, Teleport, and Walmart are some of the popular companies that use Apache Cordova, whereas Capacitor is used by Hybrid Heroes, SWORD Health, and Nowru. Apache Cordova has a broader approval, being mentioned in 160 company stacks & 408 developers stacks; compared to Capacitor, which is listed in 5 company stacks and 3 developer stacks.

Decisions about Apache Cordova and Capacitor
Aleksandr Filatov
Contract Software Engineer - Microsoft · | 2 upvotes · 233.5K views

I've done some Hybrid Mobile apps with both technologies Apache Cordova and React Native and described my experience in my blog.

In a few words, I would suggest to use each technology in accordance what what is your current code base and what do you want to achieve.

React Native is a great option if you need that extra edge in performance with multi-threading and native UI rendering. Or you already have a web app based on React which you want to port to mobile.

On the other hand, if you have an existing web application code and you want to reuse some or all, including the ability to use web third-party libraries, then Cordova is the best option.

See more
Aleksandr Filatov
Contract Software Engineer - Microsoft · | 2 upvotes · 84.8K views
What is Proguard?

ProGuard is the most popular optimizer for Java bytecode. It makes your Java and Android applications up to 90% smaller and up to 20% faster. ProGuard also provides minimal protection against reverse engineering by obfuscating the names of classes, fields and methods.

How to use it in Cordova app?

I didn't find any plugins for it. So I've implemented it by myself and shared it on GitHub.

Feel free to use!

See more
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Pros of Apache Cordova
Pros of Capacitor
  • 45
    Lots of plugins
  • 34
    JavaScript
  • 26
    Great community
  • 23
    Easy Development
  • 18
    Easy to learn
  • 15
    Cross platform
  • 7
    Open Source
  • 6
    Lots of descendants; PhoneGap, Ionic, Intel XDA etc
  • 6
    Easy, fast, not buggy in my experience with my code
  • 4
    Can use CSS3
  • 4
    Rich HTML 5
  • 4
    Easy debugging
  • 3
    Rich css ui
  • 3
    Fast and hot reload
  • 3
    HTML, CSS and JS
  • 3
    Use what you code in your browser
  • 2
    Need a light system
  • 2
    Native Web Technologies
  • 2
    Without extra tooling needed
  • 2
    One code base everywhere
  • 0
    44
  • 1
    Full compatible with ios
  • 1
    Modern

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Cons of Apache Cordova
Cons of Capacitor
  • 2
    No native performance
  • 1
    Hard to install
  • 0
    Hard to install
    Be the first to leave a con

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    What is Apache Cordova?

    Apache Cordova is a set of device APIs that allow a mobile app developer to access native device function such as the camera or accelerometer from JavaScript. Combined with a UI framework such as jQuery Mobile or Dojo Mobile or Sencha Touch, this allows a smartphone app to be developed with just HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

    What is Capacitor?

    Invoke Native SDKs on iOS, Android, Electron, and the Web with one code base. Optimized for Ionic Framework apps, or use with any web app framework.`

    Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

    Jobs that mention Apache Cordova and Capacitor as a desired skillset
    CBRE
    United States of America Texas Richardson
    CBRE
    United States of America Texas Richardson
    CBRE
    United States of America Texas Richardson
    CBRE
    United States of America Texas Dallas
    CBRE
    United States of America Texas Richardson
    CBRE
    United States of America Texas Richardson
    CBRE
    United States of America Texas Richardson
    CBRE
    United States of America Texas Richardson
    What companies use Apache Cordova?
    What companies use Capacitor?
    See which teams inside your own company are using Apache Cordova or Capacitor.
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    Sign up to get full access to all the companiesMake informed product decisions

    What tools integrate with Apache Cordova?
    What tools integrate with Capacitor?

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    Blog Posts

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    What are some alternatives to Apache Cordova and Capacitor?
    Xamarin
    Xamarin’s Mono-based products enable .NET developers to use their existing code, libraries and tools (including Visual Studio*), as well as skills in .NET and the C# programming language, to create mobile applications for the industry’s most widely-used mobile devices, including Android-based smartphones and tablets, iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch.
    PhoneGap
    PhoneGap is a web platform that exposes native mobile device apis and data to JavaScript. PhoneGap is a distribution of Apache Cordova. PhoneGap allows you to use standard web technologies such as HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript for cross-platform development, avoiding each mobile platforms' native development language. Applications execute within wrappers targeted to each platform, and rely on standards-compliant API bindings to access each device's sensors, data, and network status.
    React Native
    React Native enables you to build world-class application experiences on native platforms using a consistent developer experience based on JavaScript and React. The focus of React Native is on developer efficiency across all the platforms you care about - learn once, write anywhere. Facebook uses React Native in multiple production apps and will continue investing in React Native.
    Electron
    With Electron, creating a desktop application for your company or idea is easy. Initially developed for GitHub's Atom editor, Electron has since been used to create applications by companies like Microsoft, Facebook, Slack, and Docker. The Electron framework lets you write cross-platform desktop applications using JavaScript, HTML and CSS. It is based on io.js and Chromium and is used in the Atom editor.
    Ionic
    Free and open source, Ionic offers a library of mobile and desktop-optimized HTML, CSS and JS components for building highly interactive apps. Use with Angular, React, Vue, or plain JavaScript.
    See all alternatives