Alternatives to Ubuntu logo

Alternatives to Ubuntu

Linux, Arch Linux, Fedora, openSUSE, and Windows are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Ubuntu.
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What is Ubuntu and what are its top alternatives?

Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.
Ubuntu is a tool in the Operating Systems category of a tech stack.
Ubuntu is an open source tool with GitHub stars and GitHub forks. Here’s a link to Ubuntu's open source repository on GitHub

Top Alternatives to Ubuntu

  • Linux
    Linux

    A clone of the operating system Unix, written from scratch by Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across the Net. It aims towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliance. ...

  • Arch Linux
    Arch Linux

    A lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.

  • Fedora
    Fedora

    Fedora is a Linux-based operating system that provides users with access to the latest free and open source software, in a stable, secure and easy to manage form. Fedora is the largest of many free software creations of the Fedora Project. Because of its predominance, the word "Fedora" is often used interchangeably to mean both the Fedora Project and the Fedora operating system. ...

  • openSUSE
    openSUSE

    The openSUSE project is a worldwide effort that promotes the use of Linux everywhere. openSUSE creates one of the world's best Linux distributions, working together in an open, transparent and friendly manner as part of the worldwide Free and Open Source Software community. ...

  • Windows
    Windows

    A series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems. ...

  • Windows 10
    Windows 10

    It is the latest iteration of the Microsoft operating systems and has been optimized for home PC performance in a wide variety of applications from serious work to after-hours gaming. ...

  • Debian
    Debian

    Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software. ...

  • CentOS
    CentOS

    The CentOS Project is a community-driven free software effort focused on delivering a robust open source ecosystem. For users, we offer a consistent manageable platform that suits a wide variety of deployments. For open source communities, we offer a solid, predictable base to build upon, along with extensive resources to build, test, release, and maintain their code. ...

Ubuntu alternatives & related posts

Linux logo

Linux

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A family of free and open source software operating systems based on the Linux kernel
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PROS OF LINUX
  • 17
    Open Source
  • 11
    Free
  • 8
    Reliability
  • 5
    Safe
CONS OF LINUX
    Be the first to leave a con

    related Linux posts

    I use Visual Studio Code because at this time is a mature software and I can do practically everything using it.

    • It's free and open source: The project is hosted on GitHub and it’s free to download, fork, modify and contribute to the project.

    • Multi-platform: You can download binaries for different platforms, included Windows (x64), MacOS and Linux (.rpm and .deb packages)

    • LightWeight: It runs smoothly in different devices. It has an average memory and CPU usage. Starts almost immediately and it’s very stable.

    • Extended language support: Supports by default the majority of the most used languages and syntax like JavaScript, HTML, C#, Swift, Java, PHP, Python and others. Also, VS Code supports different file types associated to projects like .ini, .properties, XML and JSON files.

    • Integrated tools: Includes an integrated terminal, debugger, problem list and console output inspector. The project navigator sidebar is simple and powerful: you can manage your files and folders with ease. The command palette helps you find commands by text. The search widget has a powerful auto-complete feature to search and find your files.

    • Extensible and configurable: There are many extensions available for every language supported, including syntax highlighters, IntelliSense and code completion, and debuggers. There are also extension to manage application configuration and architecture like Docker and Jenkins.

    • Integrated with Git: You can visually manage your project repositories, pull, commit and push your changes, and easy conflict resolution.( there is support for SVN (Subversion) users by plugin)

    See more
    Wesly Nouse

    We use G Suite because of its cheap costs, easy management/administration, Excellent DKIM score, and everything that comes with it. We switched from Microsoft Office 365 because it doesn't work on Linux which is our OS of choice. Furthermore, G Suite does not lack any of the features that Office365 had to offer, I'd even say it offers more.

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    Arch Linux logo

    Arch Linux

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    A lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.
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    PROS OF ARCH LINUX
    • 17
      Large Community
    • 15
      Package Manager
    • 13
      Customizable
    • 12
      Rolling Release
    • 11
      Arch User Repository
    • 11
      Bleeding Edge
    • 10
      Extensive Documentation
    • 8
      Arch Build System
    • 7
      X86_64 architecture supported
    • 4
      Can fix bugs yourself if you know how to
    CONS OF ARCH LINUX
    • 4
      Systemd only
    • 3
      Only X86_64 architecture is offically supported
    • 1
      No Guided Installation
    • 1
      System maintenance
    • 1
      Unstable
    • 1
      Comparatively fewer offically supported packages

    related Arch Linux posts

    Denys
    Software engineer at Typeform · | 13 upvotes · 1.8M views
    • Go because it's easy and simple, facilitates collaboration , and also it's fast, scalable, powerful.
    • Visual Studio Code because it has one of the most sophisticated Go language support plugins.
    • Vim because it's Vim
    • Git because it's Git
    • Docker and Docker Compose because it's quick and easy to have reproducible builds/tests with them
    • Arch Linux because Docker for Mac/Win is a disaster for the human nervous system, and Arch is the coolest Linux distro so far
    • Stack Overflow because of Copy-Paste Driven Development
    • JavaScript and Python when a something needs to be coded for yesterday
    • PhpStorm because it saves me like 300 "Ctrl+F" key strokes a minute
    • cURL because terminal all the way
    See more
    Shared insights
    on
    UbuntuUbuntuLinuxLinuxArch LinuxArch Linux

    I once used Ubuntu as my exclusive Linux distro, but then I decided to switch my primary operating system to Arch Linux.

    While more difficult to install, Arch Linux offered more flexibility during the installation process which allowed me to customize my system to fit me perfectly. With Ubuntu, instead of installing everything i did want, I had to remove everything that I didn't need.

    See more
    Fedora logo

    Fedora

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    Operating system based on the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project
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    PROS OF FEDORA
    • 22
      Great for developers
    • 10
      Great integration with system tools
    • 10
      Represents the future of rhel/centos
    • 9
      Good release schedule
    • 7
      Reliable
    • 6
      Fast
    • 5
      Docker integration
    • 4
      Has SeLinux
    • 3
      Latest packages
    • 3
      Updated with Bleeding-edge software
    • 3
      Great for ops teams
    • 3
      Awesome community
    • 2
      Python distribution
    • 2
      Complies with International Standard
    CONS OF FEDORA
    • 3
      Bugs get fixed slowly from kernel side
    • 2
      Much less support from Wiki
    • 2
      Systemd
    • 2
      Boring
    • 1
      Less packages in official repository
    • 1
      A bit complicated
    • 1
      Learning curve for new users
    • 0
      Slightly difficult to install for beginners

    related Fedora posts

    Tim Abbott
    Shared insights
    on
    DebianDebianUbuntuUbuntuFedoraFedora
    at

    We use Debian and its derivative Ubuntu because the apt ecosystem and toolchain for Debian packages is far superior to the yum-based system used by Fedora and RHEL. This is large part due to a huge amount of investment into tools like debhelper/dh over the years by the Debian community. I haven't dealt with RPM in the last couple years, but every experience I've had with RPM is that the RPM tools are slower, have less useful options, and it's more work to package software for them (and one makes more compromises in doing so).

    I think everyone has seen the better experience using Ubuntu in the shift of prevalence from RHEL to Ubuntu in what most new companies are deploying on their servers, and I expect that trend to continue as long as Red Hat is using the RPM system (and I don't really see them as having a path to migrate).

    The experience with Ubuntu and Debian stable releases is pretty similar: A solid release every 2 years that's supported for a few years. (While Ubuntu in theory releases every 6 months, their non-LTS releases are effectively betas: They're often unstable, only have 9 months of support, etc. I wouldn't recommend them to anyone not actively participating in Ubuntu the development community). Ubuntu has better integration of non-free drivers, which may be important if you have hardware that requires them. But it's also the case that most bugs I experience when using Ubuntu are Ubuntu-specific issues, especially on servers (in part because Ubuntu has a bunch of "cloud management" stuff pre-installed that is definitely a regression if you're not using Canonical's cloud management products).

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    Marcel Kornegoor

    Since #ATComputing is a vendor independent Linux and open source specialist, we do not have a favorite Linux distribution. We mainly use Ubuntu , Centos Debian , Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora during our daily work. These are also the distributions we see most often used in our customers environments.

    For our #ci/cd training, we use an open source pipeline that is build around Visual Studio Code , Jenkins , VirtualBox , GitHub , Docker Kubernetes and Google Compute Engine.

    For #ServerConfigurationAndAutomation, we have embraced and contributed to Ansible mainly because it is not only flexible and powerful, but also straightforward and easier to learn than some other (open source) solutions. On the other hand: we are not affraid of Puppet Labs and Chef either.

    Currently, our most popular #programming #Language course is Python . The reason Python is so popular has to do with it's versatility, but also with its low complexity. This helps sysadmins to write scripts or simple programs to make their job less repetitive and automating things more fun. Python is also widely used to communicate with (REST) API's and for data analysis.

    See more
    openSUSE logo

    openSUSE

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    The makers' choice for sysadmins, developers and desktop users
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    PROS OF OPENSUSE
    • 4
      Stable
    • 3
      Lightweight for server
    • 2
      Snapshot
    • 2
      Rolling release
    • 2
      Reliable
    CONS OF OPENSUSE
      Be the first to leave a con

      related openSUSE posts

      Windows logo

      Windows

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      A group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed by Microsoft
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      PROS OF WINDOWS
      • 3
        Lovely
      CONS OF WINDOWS
      • 2
        Proprietary
      • 1
        Not free to use

      related Windows posts

      Shared insights
      on
      UnityUnityElectronElectronmacOSmacOSWindowsWindows

      We want to create a 3D web and desktop(Windows and macOS) application with a lot of functionalities. This is a 3D furniture customization application in which we give options to add, delete, scale, move, rotate objects. Something like a floor planner. We are also going to add AR and VR.

      I am thinking about using Electron or Unity. Please recommend what should I choose for this purpose. Please consider that we have to develop for web and desktop (windows and mac) all platforms.

      See more

      Actually, I'll add, C++ and C# as well.

      Well, I'm into Computer Science since 1996, so I understand a bit of everything plus a lot of different OSs, I study 10 hours per day every day. However back in the 90s we didn't have books or universities about programming, all were passed through if you knew somebody in that profession. Which I did and in that time, he showed me .NET and MySQL, and that offered a lot of jobs also Java. Today you have a lot of options but I'm already discarding new languages as I believe they will jot succeed.

      My always dream was to create game, and software. I don't understand all programming concepts and I'm studying all languages at the same time, so I'm heavy loaded. But that keeps me more aware.

      I made a choice: use Python for everything but if you want performance, apps, security, compatibility, Multiplatform. What should I choose? The real question here is: which language should I go 100% and that language will teach me all I need about programming BUT without getting lost in that language forever (I discard any Assembly possibility) and one that has full documentation, support and libraries.

      In my experience: I found a lot of info for python and java. But hardly I have ever found anything for C lang, C++ and, what about C# (it's only for Windows, is it easy, I saw a lot of documentation). Thanks!!

      See more
      Windows 10 logo

      Windows 10

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      The most secure Windows ever built
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      PROS OF WINDOWS 10
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        On 4gb other applications less likely to run smoothly
      • 3
        Slow
      • 2
        Best for Indonesian PC Users
      • 2
        The best developer tools for all devices
      • 1
        Editors choice. But not suitable on 4gb ram. Alth
      • 1
        Complies with JIS Standard
      • 1
        Great is if you have 8b ram and a 128gb ssd minimum
      CONS OF WINDOWS 10
      • 3
        Lags really much on low end devices
      • 3
        Slow, slow and slow
      • 2
        Worst OS to run on 2GB of RAM
      • 1
        Acts posh
      • 1
        Can't fix bugs yourself

      related Windows 10 posts

      Shared insights
      on
      Windows 10Windows 10C#C#Visual StudioVisual Studio

      Visual Studio 2019 keeps rendering only part of my project. I changed from 200% dpi to 100% and it is still doing this. Any ideas?

      Razer Blade Stealth Intel 7th gen i7 8550u

      A little more info, I'm trying to make my GUI my self in WPF C# so I turned off FormBorderStyle

      I have Windows 10 Pro Installed which Home is usually the go-to.

      I'm going to uninstall and reinstall and see if that does anything. Fingers crossed, I was looking for a more concrete solution though. :x

      See more
      Justin Dorfman
      Open Source Program Manager at Reblaze · | 3 upvotes · 39.2K views

      I have been using macOS for 12 years. I can't imagine switching to another operating system since I have all of my hotkeys memorized. Windows 10 has made some drastic improvements like adding GNU Bash/Linux to win developers over from unix-like systems, I just don't feel it is there yet. Maybe I'll give it a shot next time I need a new laptop. 🤷‍♂️

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      Debian logo

      Debian

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      The Universal Operating System
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      PROS OF DEBIAN
      • 54
        Massively supported
      • 50
        Stable
      • 21
        Reliable
      • 9
        Aptitude
      • 8
        Customizable
      • 8
        It is free
      • 8
        Turnkey linux use it
      • 6
        Works on all architectures
      CONS OF DEBIAN
      • 10
        Old versions of software
      • 2
        Can be difficult to set up on vanilla Debian

      related Debian posts

      Labinator Team

      At labinator.com, we use HTML5, CSS 3, Sass, Vanilla.JS and PHP when building our premium WordPress themes and plugins. When writing our codes, we use Sublime Text and Visual Studio Code depending on the project. We run Manjaro and Debian operating systems in our office. Manjaro is a great desktop operating system for all range of tasks while Debian is a solid choice for servers.

      WordPress became a very popular choice when it comes to content management systems and building websites. It is easy to learn and has a great community behind it. The high number of plugins as well that are available for WordPress allows any user to customize it depending on his/her needs.

      For development, HTML5 with Sass is our go-to choice when building our themes.

      Main Advantages Of Sass:

      • It's CSS syntax friendly
      • It offers variables
      • It uses a nested syntax
      • It includes mixins
      • Great community and online support.
      • Great documentation that is easy to read and follow.

      As for PHP, we always thrive to use PHP 7.3+. After the introduction of PHP 7, the WordPress development process became more stable and reliable than before. If you a developer considering PHP 7.3+ for your project, it would be good to note the following benefits.

      The Benefits Of Using PHP:

      • Open Source.
      • Highly Extendible.
      • Easy to learn and read.
      • Platform independent.
      • Compatible with APACHE.
      • Low development and maintenance cost.
      • Great community and support.
      • Detailed documentation that has everything you need!

      Why PHP 7.3+?

      • Flexible Heredoc & Nowdoc Syntaxes - Two key methods for defining strings within PHP. They also became easier to read and more reliable.
      • A good boost in performance speed which is extremely important when it comes to WordPress development.
      See more
      Jason Martin
      Senior PHP Developer at Orange · | 14 upvotes · 83.9K views
      Shared insights
      on
      LaravelLaravelMySQLMySQLDebianDebian

      For your purposes, I recommend @Laravel, or even @Symfony or @Yii, or whatever. In your use case, a framework is 100% indicated, because it will cut your boilerplate in half or more, and you'll have a pre-fab organization for files, classes and so on. Personally, I am not a fan of Frameworks, because they tend to take over your project like cancer and trap you. But for an internal app to manage stuff, it's probably the best idea to use one (preferably one you like).

      When doing internal apps, your best bet is to stick the essentials and basics, try Laravel with MySQL on a nice Debian virtual machine. Can't go wrong.

      See more
      CentOS logo

      CentOS

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      The Community ENTerprise Operating System
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      PROS OF CENTOS
      • 16
        Stable
      • 9
        Free to use
      • 9
        Reliable
      • 6
        Has epel packages
      • 6
        Good support
      • 5
        Great Community
      • 2
        I've moved from gentoo to centos
      CONS OF CENTOS
      • 1
        Yum is a horrible package manager

      related CentOS posts

      Marcel Kornegoor

      Since #ATComputing is a vendor independent Linux and open source specialist, we do not have a favorite Linux distribution. We mainly use Ubuntu , Centos Debian , Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora during our daily work. These are also the distributions we see most often used in our customers environments.

      For our #ci/cd training, we use an open source pipeline that is build around Visual Studio Code , Jenkins , VirtualBox , GitHub , Docker Kubernetes and Google Compute Engine.

      For #ServerConfigurationAndAutomation, we have embraced and contributed to Ansible mainly because it is not only flexible and powerful, but also straightforward and easier to learn than some other (open source) solutions. On the other hand: we are not affraid of Puppet Labs and Chef either.

      Currently, our most popular #programming #Language course is Python . The reason Python is so popular has to do with it's versatility, but also with its low complexity. This helps sysadmins to write scripts or simple programs to make their job less repetitive and automating things more fun. Python is also widely used to communicate with (REST) API's and for data analysis.

      See more
      Shared insights
      on
      UbuntuUbuntuOpenStackOpenStackCentOSCentOS
      at

      Hello guys

      I am confused between choosing CentOS7 or centos8 for OpenStack tripleo undercloud deployment. Which one should I use? There is another option to use OpenStack, Ubuntu, or MicroStack.

      We wanted to use this deployment to build our home cloud or private cloud infrastructure. I heard that centOS is always the best choice through a little research, but still not sure. As centos8 from Redhat is not supported for OpenStack tripleo deployments anymore, I had to upgrade to CentosStream.

      See more