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Ubuntu vs Windows 10: What are the differences?

Introduction

Ubuntu and Windows 10 are two popular operating systems used by individuals and businesses. While both operating systems serve the purpose of providing a platform for users to perform various tasks, there are key differences that set them apart.

  1. User Interface: One of the major differences between Ubuntu and Windows 10 is the user interface. Ubuntu uses a desktop environment called GNOME, which offers a clean and minimalist interface. On the other hand, Windows 10 uses the Windows Shell interface, providing a familiar and user-friendly experience for most users.

  2. Software Compatibility: Another significant difference is the software compatibility. Ubuntu is based on the Linux kernel and supports a wide range of open-source software. While many popular applications are available for Ubuntu, some Windows-specific software may not be directly compatible on this platform. In contrast, Windows 10 has a large ecosystem of software and supports the majority of popular applications used by individuals and businesses.

  3. Customization Options: Ubuntu provides extensive customization options, allowing users to personalize their desktop environments. Users can easily change themes, icons, and other visual elements to suit their preferences. Windows 10, although it does offer some customization options, is generally more limited in terms of user customization.

  4. Security: Ubuntu is known for its strong security features. It benefits from the open-source nature of Linux, which allows for continuous security audits and updates. Ubuntu has a robust permission system and sandboxing capabilities that help enhance the overall security of the system. Windows 10 also provides several security features, but due to its popularity and wider user base, it is often targeted by malware and cyber attacks more frequently than Ubuntu.

  5. Price: One notable difference between Ubuntu and Windows 10 is the cost. Ubuntu is an open-source operating system and is available for free to all users. This makes it an attractive option for individuals or organizations who want to avoid licensing fees. In contrast, Windows 10 is a proprietary operating system that requires a license, which can be a significant cost for individuals and businesses.

  6. Hardware Compatibility: Ubuntu is often considered more compatible with older or less powerful hardware compared to Windows 10. It can run on machines with lower system specifications, making it a suitable choice for older computers or devices with limited resources. Windows 10, while it does offer better performance on newer hardware, might not provide the same smooth experience on older machines.

In summary, Ubuntu and Windows 10 differ in terms of user interface, software compatibility, customization options, security features, price, and hardware compatibility. These differences play a crucial role in determining which operating system best suits the needs and preferences of individuals or organizations.

Decisions about Ubuntu and Windows 10

Ubuntu is much more faster over Windows and helps to get software and other utilities easier and within a short span of time compared to Windows.

Ubuntu helps to get robustness and resiliency over Windows. Ubuntu runs faster than Windows on every computer that I have ever tested. LibreOffice (Ubuntu's default office suite) runs much faster than Microsoft Office on every computer that I have ever tested.

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Jerome/Zen Quah
Chose
UbuntuUbuntu
over
CentOSCentOS

Global familiarity, free, widely used, and as a debian distro feels more comfortable when rapidly switching between local macOS and remote command lines.

CentOS does boast quite a few security/stability improvements, however as a RHEL-based distro, differs quite significantly in the command line and suffers from slightly less frequent package updates. (Could be a good or bad thing depending on your use-case and if it is public facing)

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I liked manjaro a lot, the huge support it has and the variety of tools it provides is just awesome. But due to its parent platform being Arch Linux it has bleeding-edge technology and that meaning, we get updated 'daily', and if we keep updating the system daily, due to the bugs in the recent updates the system sometimes used to crash, this made the OS really unstable. However, one can avoid such crashes using periodical and careful system/package updates. I now use LinuxMint which is based on Ubuntu, and this OS is completely stable with reliable(mostly tested) updates. And, since this OS is backed up by UBUNTU the concerns/questions one can encounter while using the OS can be easily rectified using the UBUNTU community, which is pretty good. Though this is backed up on UBUNTU it most certainly does NOT include the proprietary stuff of UBUNTU, which is on the bright side of the OS. That's it! Happy Computing.

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Simon Aronsson
Developer Advocate at k6 / Load Impact · | 7 upvotes · 270.9K views

At the moment of the decision, my desktop was the primary place I did work. Due to this, I can't have it blow up on me while I work. While Arch is interesting and powerful, Ubuntu offers (at least for me) a lot more stability and lets me focus on other things than maintaining my own OS installation.

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Pros of Ubuntu
Pros of Windows 10
  • 230
    Free to use
  • 96
    Easy setup for testing discord bot
  • 57
    Gateway Linux Distro
  • 54
    Simple interface
  • 9
    Don't need driver installation in most cases
  • 6
    Open Source
  • 6
    Many active communities
  • 3
    Software Availability
  • 3
    Easy to custom
  • 2
    Many flavors/distros based on ubuntu
  • 1
    Lightweight container base OS
  • 1
    Great OotB Linux Shell Experience
  • 3
    On 4gb other applications less likely to run smoothly
  • 3
    Slow
  • 2
    Best for Indonesian PC Users
  • 2
    The best developer tools for all devices
  • 1
    Editors choice. But not suitable on 4gb ram. Alth
  • 1
    Complies with JIS Standard
  • 1
    Great is if you have 8b ram and a 128gb ssd minimum

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Cons of Ubuntu
Cons of Windows 10
  • 5
    Demanding system requirements
  • 4
    Adds overhead and unnecessary complexity over Debian
  • 2
    Snapd installed by default
  • 1
    Systemd
  • 3
    Lags really much on low end devices
  • 3
    Slow, slow and slow
  • 2
    Worst OS to run on 2GB of RAM
  • 1
    Acts posh
  • 1
    Can't fix bugs yourself

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What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.

What is Windows 10?

It is the latest iteration of the Microsoft operating systems and has been optimized for home PC performance in a wide variety of applications from serious work to after-hours gaming.

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What are some alternatives to Ubuntu and Windows 10?
Linux
A clone of the operating system Unix, written from scratch by Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across the Net. It aims towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliance.
Arch Linux
A lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.
Fedora
Fedora is a Linux-based operating system that provides users with access to the latest free and open source software, in a stable, secure and easy to manage form. Fedora is the largest of many free software creations of the Fedora Project. Because of its predominance, the word "Fedora" is often used interchangeably to mean both the Fedora Project and the Fedora operating system.
openSUSE
The openSUSE project is a worldwide effort that promotes the use of Linux everywhere. openSUSE creates one of the world's best Linux distributions, working together in an open, transparent and friendly manner as part of the worldwide Free and Open Source Software community.
Windows
A series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems.
See all alternatives