Apache Maven vs Pants: What are the differences?
Developers describe Apache Maven as "Apache build manager for Java projects". Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects. On the other hand, Pants is detailed as "Build system by Twitter, Foursquare, and Square". Pants is a build system for Java, Scala and Python. It works particularly well for a source code repository that contains many distinct projects.
Apache Maven and Pants can be primarily classified as "Java Build" tools.
Some of the features offered by Apache Maven are:
- Simple project setup that follows best practices - get a new project or module started in seconds
- Consistent usage across all projects means no ramp up time for new developers coming onto a project
- Superior dependency management including automatic updating, dependency closures (also known as transitive dependencies)
On the other hand, Pants provides the following key features:
- Builds Java, Scala, and Python.
- Adding support for new languages is straightforward.
- Supports code generation: thrift, protocol buffers, custom code generators.
"Dependency management" is the top reason why over 125 developers like Apache Maven, while over 5 developers mention "Creates deployable packages" as the leading cause for choosing Pants.
Apache Maven and Pants are both open source tools. It seems that Apache Maven with 1.74K GitHub stars and 1.28K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Pants with 1.16K GitHub stars and 333 GitHub forks.
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