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JavaFX vs Qt: What are the differences?


JavaFX and Qt are both popular frameworks for creating graphical user interfaces (GUIs) in various programming languages. While both frameworks have similarities in terms of providing tools and functionality for GUI development, there are several key differences between them that developers should be aware of. In this article, we will explore six major differences between JavaFX and Qt.

  1. Language Support: JavaFX is primarily used with Java programming language, making it a great choice for Java developers. On the other hand, Qt supports multiple programming languages including C++, Python, and JavaScript, providing developers with more flexibility in their choice of programming language.

  2. Community and Support: JavaFX has a large and active community, with a wealth of online resources, tutorials, and forums available for developers to seek help and share knowledge. Qt also has a strong community, with a dedicated team of developers and active forums, but it may not be as extensive as the JavaFX community.

  3. Platform Support: JavaFX is designed to be platform-independent and can run on multiple operating systems, including Windows, Mac, and Linux. Qt also provides cross-platform support, but it goes beyond desktop applications and extends to embedded systems and mobile platforms, such as Android and iOS.

  4. UI Design Approach: JavaFX follows a more declarative approach for UI design, allowing developers to define the UI components and their properties using XML-based markup language (FXML). Qt, on the other hand, uses a more programmatic approach, where UI components and their properties are created and manipulated directly in code.

  5. Customization and Theming: JavaFX provides a rich set of built-in UI controls and styles, allowing developers to create visually appealing applications without much customization. Qt, on the other hand, offers extensive customization options, allowing developers to create custom UI controls and apply custom themes to achieve a unique and tailored look for their applications.

  6. Integration with Native Features: JavaFX provides limited integration with native features of the underlying platform, such as system tray icons and file system access. Qt, on the other hand, offers seamless integration with native features, allowing developers to leverage platform-specific functionality and provide a more native user experience.

In summary, JavaFX and Qt differ in terms of language support, community and support, platform support, UI design approach, customization and theming options, and integration with native features. Developers should consider these differences when choosing a framework for GUI development based on their specific requirements and preferences.

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Pros of JavaFX
Pros of Qt
  • 10
  • 17
    High Performance
  • 13
    Declarative, easy and flexible UI
  • 12
    Cross platform
  • 12
  • 9
    Fast prototyping
  • 8
    Easiest integration with C++
  • 8
    Up to date framework
  • 7
  • 6
    Multiple license including Open Source and Commercial
  • 6
    Safe 2D Renderer
  • 5
    Great Community Support
  • 4
    HW Accelerated UI
  • 4
    Game Engine like UI system
  • 3
    No history of broken compatibility with a major version
  • 3
    JIT and QML Compiler
  • 3
    True cross-platform framework with native code compile
  • 3
    Reliable for industrial use
  • 3
    Pure C++
  • 3
    Been using it since the 90s - runs anywhere does it all
  • 2
    Open source
  • 2
    Easy Integrating to DX and OpenGL and Vulkan
  • 2
    From high to low level coding
  • 1
    Learning Curve
  • 1
    Great mobile support with Felgo add-on
  • 1
    Native looking GUI

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Cons of JavaFX
Cons of Qt
  • 1
    Community support less than qt
  • 1
  • 5
  • 4
    C++ is not so productive
  • 2
    Lack of community support
  • 1
    Lack of libraries
  • 1
    Not detailed documentation

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What is JavaFX?

It is a set of graphics and media packages that enables developers to design, create, test, debug, and deploy rich client applications that operate consistently across diverse platforms.

What is Qt?

Qt, a leading cross-platform application and UI framework. With Qt, you can develop applications once and deploy to leading desktop, embedded & mobile targets.

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What companies use JavaFX?
What companies use Qt?
See which teams inside your own company are using JavaFX or Qt.
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