Docker vs Apache Maven: What are the differences?
Docker: Enterprise Container Platform for High-Velocity Innovation. The Docker Platform is the industry-leading container platform for continuous, high-velocity innovation, enabling organizations to seamlessly build and share any application — from legacy to what comes next — and securely run them anywhere; Apache Maven: Apache build manager for Java projects. Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.
Docker belongs to "Virtual Machine Platforms & Containers" category of the tech stack, while Apache Maven can be primarily classified under "Java Build Tools".
Some of the features offered by Docker are:
- Integrated developer tools
- open, portable images
- shareable, reusable apps
On the other hand, Apache Maven provides the following key features:
- Simple project setup that follows best practices - get a new project or module started in seconds
- Consistent usage across all projects means no ramp up time for new developers coming onto a project
- Superior dependency management including automatic updating, dependency closures (also known as transitive dependencies)
"Rapid integration and build up", "Isolation" and "Open source" are the key factors why developers consider Docker; whereas "Dependency management", "Necessary evil" and "I’d rather code my app, not my build" are the primary reasons why Apache Maven is favored.
Docker and Apache Maven are both open source tools. It seems that Docker with 53.8K GitHub stars and 15.5K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Apache Maven with 1.71K GitHub stars and 1.26K GitHub forks.
Lyft, StackShare, and Shopify are some of the popular companies that use Docker, whereas Apache Maven is used by Zillow, Bodybuilding.com, and PedidosYa. Docker has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3471 company stacks & 3322 developers stacks; compared to Apache Maven, which is listed in 301 company stacks and 138 developer stacks.
lxd/lxc and Docker aren't congruent so this comparison needs a more detailed look; but in short I can say: the lxd-integrated administration of storage including zfs with its snapshot capabilities as well as the system container (multi-process) approach of lxc vs. the limited single-process container approach of Docker is the main reason I chose lxd over Docker.
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