AWS CloudTrail vs Elasticsearch: What are the differences?
AWS CloudTrail: Record AWS API calls for your account and have log files delivered to you. With CloudTrail, you can get a history of AWS API calls for your account, including API calls made via the AWS Management Console, AWS SDKs, command line tools, and higher-level AWS services (such as AWS CloudFormation). The AWS API call history produced by CloudTrail enables security analysis, resource change tracking, and compliance auditing. The recorded information includes the identity of the API caller, the time of the API call, the source IP address of the API caller, the request parameters, and the response elements returned by the AWS service; Elasticsearch: Open Source, Distributed, RESTful Search Engine. Elasticsearch is a distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine capable of storing data and searching it in near real time. Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats and Logstash are the Elastic Stack (sometimes called the ELK Stack).
AWS CloudTrail can be classified as a tool in the "Log Management" category, while Elasticsearch is grouped under "Search as a Service".
Some of the features offered by AWS CloudTrail are:
- Increased Visibility- CloudTrail provides increased visibility into your user activity by recording AWS API calls. You can answer questions such as, what actions did a given user take over a given time period? For a given resource, which user has taken actions on it over a given time period? What is the source IP address of a given activity? Which activities failed due to inadequate permissions?
- Durable and Inexpensive Log File Storage- CloudTrail uses Amazon S3 for log file storage and delivery, so log files are stored durably and inexpensively. You can use Amazon S3 lifecycle configuration rules to further reduce storage costs. For example, you can define rules to automatically delete old log files or archive them to Amazon Glacier for additional savings.
- Easy Administration- CloudTrail is a fully managed service
On the other hand, Elasticsearch provides the following key features:
- Distributed and Highly Available Search Engine.
- Multi Tenant with Multi Types.
- Various set of APIs including RESTful
"Very easy setup" is the primary reason why developers consider AWS CloudTrail over the competitors, whereas "Powerful api" was stated as the key factor in picking Elasticsearch.
Elasticsearch is an open source tool with 41.9K GitHub stars and 14K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Elasticsearch's open source repository on GitHub.
According to the StackShare community, Elasticsearch has a broader approval, being mentioned in 1976 company stacks & 937 developers stacks; compared to AWS CloudTrail, which is listed in 37 company stacks and 11 developer stacks.
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