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Ant Design vs styled-components: What are the differences?


Ant Design and styled-components are both popular front-end UI libraries used in web development. While they serve a similar purpose of creating user interfaces, they have some key differences that set them apart.

  1. Styling Approach: Ant Design is primarily based on CSS-in-JS approach, where the styles are defined within JavaScript files. It provides a set of pre-designed components with predefined styles, making it easy to create consistent and visually appealing interfaces. On the other hand, styled-components allows developers to write actual CSS code within JavaScript by using tagged template literals. This gives them more flexibility and control over the styling process.

  2. Customization: Ant Design provides a wide range of customizable components, allowing developers to easily modify the appearance and behavior according to their needs. It offers a set of predefined themes that can be easily applied to the components. In contrast, styled-components focuses more on individual component styling. Developers can create reusable styled components with custom styles and use them throughout the application.

  3. Dependencies: Ant Design relies on a number of dependencies such as React, React-DOM, and prop-types for its functionality. It is designed to work well with the React ecosystem. On the other hand, styled-components has fewer dependencies and can be used with any JavaScript framework or library. It provides a standalone solution for component styling.

  4. Performance: Due to its extensive use of inline styles and pre-defined components, Ant Design may have a larger file size compared to styled-components. This can affect the overall performance of the application, especially in scenarios with slow network connections. In contrast, styled-components generates fully optimized CSS during the build process, resulting in smaller file sizes and potentially better performance.

  5. Community and Ecosystem: Ant Design has a large and active community with a wide range of resources, tutorials, and support available. It also has a comprehensive set of official documentation and guidelines. styled-components also has a dedicated community, but it might have a smaller ecosystem compared to Ant Design. However, styled-components is highly extensible and can be combined with other tools and libraries to create a powerful styling solution.

  6. Development Experience: When using Ant Design, developers can quickly prototype and build UI components by leveraging the pre-designed styles and components provided by the library. This can speed up the development process and reduce the amount of CSS code required. On the other hand, styled-components provides a more flexible and intuitive way of styling components. Developers can write CSS code directly within the component definition, making it easier to manage and maintain the styles.

In Summary, Ant Design and styled-components differ in their styling approach, customization options, dependencies, performance, community support, and development experience.

Decisions about Ant Design and styled-components
Luca Restagno
Co-Founder at iterspace · | 5 upvotes · 23.2K views

Storybook, along with React, styled-components, and Atomic Design, is the perfect tool to boost your front end development productivity. It helps you develop isolated presentational components with a super fast hot reload. It allows to test your props with knobs. Finally you compose, and reuse your components in your app.

You can host your storybook as a static website and share it with the other devs, so they are aware of the components already available in your library, and how to use them.

You can share the same with your UI/UX team, and converge towards a common design system.

You can even run visual regression tests on your library, with storyshots.

Which stack do you use on the Front End?

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Pros of Ant Design
Pros of styled-components
  • 47
    Lots of components
  • 33
    Polished and enterprisey look and feel
  • 21
  • 20
    Easy to integrate
  • 18
    Es6 support
  • 17
    Typescript support
  • 17
    Beautiful and solid
  • 16
    Beautifully Animated Components
  • 15
    Quick Release rhythm
  • 14
    Great documentation
  • 2
    Easy to customize Forms
  • 1
    Opensource and free of cost
  • 11
    Very easy to use and integrate
  • 1

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Cons of Ant Design
Cons of styled-components
  • 24
  • 10
    Large File Size
  • 4
    Poor accessibility support
  • 3
    Dangerous to use as a base in component libraries
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    What is Ant Design?

    An enterprise-class UI design language and React-based implementation. Graceful UI components out of the box, base on React Component. A npm + webpack + babel + dora + dva development framework.

    What is styled-components?

    Visual primitives for the component age. Use the best bits of ES6 and CSS to style your apps without stress 💅

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    What companies use Ant Design?
    What companies use styled-components?
    See which teams inside your own company are using Ant Design or styled-components.
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    What tools integrate with Ant Design?
    What tools integrate with styled-components?

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    What are some alternatives to Ant Design and styled-components?
    Material UI is a library of React UI components that implements Google's Material Design.
    Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web.
    Semantic UI
    Semantic empowers designers and developers by creating a shared vocabulary for UI.
    Semantic UI React
    Semantic UI React is the official React integration for Semantic UI. jQuery Free, Declarative API, Shorthand Props, and more.
    Blueprint is a React UI toolkit for the web. It is optimized for building complex, data-dense web interfaces for desktop applications. If you rely heavily on mobile interactions and are looking for a mobile-first UI toolkit, this may not be for you.
    See all alternatives