Alternatives to Vaadin logo

Alternatives to Vaadin

Play, Spring MVC, AngularJS, JavaFX, and GWT are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Vaadin.
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What is Vaadin and what are its top alternatives?

Vaadin is a popular Java framework for building modern web applications. Key features of Vaadin include a rich set of UI components, a robust event handling system, and seamless integration with Java backend services. However, one limitation of Vaadin is its steep learning curve for beginners, as it requires a solid understanding of Java and web development concepts. Additionally, customization options may be limited compared to other front-end frameworks.

  1. Angular: Angular is a popular front-end framework developed by Google. Key features include two-way data binding, dependency injection, and a powerful component-based architecture. Pros of using Angular include a large community, extensive documentation, and a wide range of libraries and plugins. However, Angular has a steeper learning curve compared to Vaadin and may be overkill for smaller projects.

  2. React: React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces. Key features include a virtual DOM for efficient UI updates, JSX syntax for writing components, and a unidirectional data flow. Pros of using React include its performance optimization, reusability of components, and a vibrant ecosystem of third-party libraries. However, React is more focused on the view layer and may require additional libraries for state management.

  3. Vue.js: Vue.js is a progressive JavaScript framework for building user interfaces. Key features include a simple and flexible API, reactive data binding, and easy integration with existing projects. Pros of using Vue.js include its gentle learning curve, efficient performance, and a compact size. However, Vue.js may lack some of the advanced features and tooling provided by Angular and React.

  4. Svelte: Svelte is a new approach to building web applications. Key features include a compiler that generates highly optimized vanilla JavaScript code, reactive declarations, and simple syntax. Pros of using Svelte include its small bundle size, minimal runtime overhead, and easy integration with other frameworks. However, Svelte is a relatively new technology and may have a smaller community and ecosystem compared to more established frameworks.

  5. Ember.js: Ember.js is a framework for ambitious web developers. Key features include a strong convention over configuration philosophy, a rich set of built-in tools and libraries, and a focus on developer productivity. Pros of using Ember.js include its robust architecture, great documentation, and strong community support. However, Ember.js may be more opinionated compared to other frameworks, which may limit customization options.

  6. Polymer: Polymer is a JavaScript library that helps you build custom reusable HTML elements. Key features include web components, modular design, and encapsulated styles. Pros of using Polymer include its support for modern web standards, easy creation of interactive elements, and improved performance. However, Polymer may have a smaller community compared to more popular frameworks like Angular and React.

  7. Backbone.js: Backbone.js is a lightweight JavaScript library that provides the structure for web applications. Key features include models with key-value binding and custom events, views with declarative event handling, and collections with a rich API of enumerable functions. Pros of using Backbone.js include its simplicity, flexibility, and compatibility with other libraries. However, Backbone.js may require more manual coding compared to more opinionated frameworks like Angular or React.

  8. Aurelia: Aurelia is a next-generation front-end JavaScript framework for building web, mobile, and desktop applications. Key features include two-way data binding, template part generation, and dynamic component lifecycle management. Pros of using Aurelia include its extensibility, ease of learning, and clean architecture. However, Aurelia may have a smaller community and ecosystem compared to more established frameworks like Angular and React.

  9. Mithril: Mithril is a modern client-side JavaScript framework for building single-page applications. Key features include a small footprint, simple API, and efficient virtual DOM diffing algorithm. Pros of using Mithril include its fast performance, minimal overhead, and easy integration with existing projects. However, Mithril may have a smaller community compared to more popular frameworks like React and Vue.js.

  10. Marko: Marko is a fast and lightweight front-end framework for building web applications. Key features include asynchronous template compilation, efficient server-side rendering, and a component-oriented architecture. Pros of using Marko include its blazing fast performance, intuitive syntax, and easy integration with Node.js. However, Marko may have a smaller community and ecosystem compared to more widely adopted frameworks like Angular and React.

Top Alternatives to Vaadin

  • Play
    Play

    Play Framework makes it easy to build web applications with Java & Scala. Play is based on a lightweight, stateless, web-friendly architecture. Built on Akka, Play provides predictable and minimal resource consumption (CPU, memory, threads) for highly-scalable applications. ...

  • Spring MVC
    Spring MVC

    A Java framework that follows the Model-View-Controller design pattern and provides an elegant solution to use MVC in spring framework by the help of DispatcherServlet. ...

  • AngularJS
    AngularJS

    AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding. ...

  • JavaFX
    JavaFX

    It is a set of graphics and media packages that enables developers to design, create, test, debug, and deploy rich client applications that operate consistently across diverse platforms. ...

  • GWT
    GWT

    It is a development toolkit for building and optimizing complex browser-based applications. Its goal is to enable productive development of high-performance web applications without the developer having to be an expert in browser quirks, XMLHttpRequest, and JavaScript. ...

  • PrimeFaces
    PrimeFaces

    It is a popular open source framework for JavaServer Faces featuring over 100 components, touch optimized mobilekit, client side validation, theme engine and more. ...

  • React
    React

    Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project. ...

  • JSF
    JSF

    It is used for building component-based user interfaces for web applications and was formalized as a standard through the Java Community ...

Vaadin alternatives & related posts

Play logo

Play

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The High Velocity Web Framework For Java and Scala
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PROS OF PLAY
  • 81
    Scala
  • 55
    Web-friendly architecture
  • 55
    Built on akka
  • 50
    Stateless
  • 47
    High-scalable
  • 46
    Fast
  • 40
    Open source
  • 34
    Java
  • 27
    High velocity
  • 24
    Fun
  • 9
    Lightweight
  • 8
    Non-blocking io
  • 6
    Developer friendly
  • 5
    Simple template engine
  • 4
    Scalability
  • 3
    Pure love
  • 2
    Resource efficient
CONS OF PLAY
  • 3
    Evolves fast, keep up with releases
  • 1
    Unnecessarily complicated

related Play posts

Alex A

Some may wonder why did we choose Grails ? Really good question :) We spent quite some time to evaluate what framework to go with and the battle was between Play Scala and Grails ( Groovy ). We have enough experience with both and, to be honest, I absolutely in love with Scala; however, the tipping point for us was the potential speed of development. Grails allows much faster development pace than Play , and as of right now this is the most important parameter. We might convert later though. Also, worth mentioning, by default Grails comes with Gradle as a build tool, so why change?

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Tomas Zeman
product manager at Broadcom · | 3 upvotes · 19.7K views
Shared insights
on
PlayPlayApache TomcatApache Tomcat
at

I use Play as the best Java framewrk for web development. It is easy to use and I was able to learn it quickly. Before I was using Apache Tomcat , but I would never go back. Play is preselecting for you popular and usefull libraries, you can use templating with Twirl, JPA, Injections and much more.

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Spring MVC logo

Spring MVC

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A Java framework which is used to build web applications
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PROS OF SPRING MVC
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    CONS OF SPRING MVC
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      Lead Software Engineer at EDIFECS · | 1 upvote · 304.6K views

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      AngularJS logo

      AngularJS

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      5.3K
      Superheroic JavaScript MVW Framework
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      PROS OF ANGULARJS
      • 889
        Quick to develop
      • 589
        Great mvc
      • 573
        Powerful
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        Restful
      • 505
        Backed by google
      • 349
        Two-way data binding
      • 343
        Javascript
      • 329
        Open source
      • 307
        Dependency injection
      • 197
        Readable
      • 75
        Fast
      • 65
        Directives
      • 63
        Great community
      • 57
        Free
      • 38
        Extend html vocabulary
      • 29
        Components
      • 26
        Easy to test
      • 25
        Easy to learn
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        Easy to templates
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        Great documentation
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        Easy to start
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        Awesome
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        Light weight
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        Angular 2.0
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        Efficient
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        Javascript mvw framework
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        Great extensions
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        Easy to prototype with
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        High performance
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        Coffeescript
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        Two-way binding
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        Lots of community modules
      • 8
        Mvc
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        Easy to e2e
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        Clean and keeps code readable
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        One of the best frameworks
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        Easy for small applications
      • 5
        Works great with jquery
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        Fast development
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        I do not touch DOM
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        The two-way Data Binding is awesome
      • 3
        Hierarchical Data Structure
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        Be a developer, not a plumber.
      • 3
        Declarative programming
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        Typescript
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        Dart
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        Community
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        Fkin awesome
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        Opinionated in the right areas
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        Supports api , easy development
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        Common Place
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        Very very useful and fast framework for development
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        Linear learning curve
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        Great
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        Amazing community support
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        Readable code
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        Programming fun again
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        The powerful of binding, routing and controlling routes
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        Scopes
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        Consistency with backend architecture if using Nest
      • 1
        Fk react, all my homies hate react
      CONS OF ANGULARJS
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        Complex
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        Event Listener Overload
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        Dependency injection
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        Hard to learn
      • 2
        Learning Curve

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      Our whole Node.js backend stack consists of the following tools:

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      • npm as package manager
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      • TypeScript as programming language
      • ExpressJS as web server
      • Swagger UI for visualizing and interacting with the API’s resources
      • Postman as a tool for API development
      • TypeORM as object relational mapping layer
      • JSON Web Token for access token management

      The main reason we have chosen Node.js over PHP is related to the following artifacts:

      • Made for the web and widely in use: Node.js is a software platform for developing server-side network services. Well-known projects that rely on Node.js include the blogging software Ghost, the project management tool Trello and the operating system WebOS. Node.js requires the JavaScript runtime environment V8, which was specially developed by Google for the popular Chrome browser. This guarantees a very resource-saving architecture, which qualifies Node.js especially for the operation of a web server. Ryan Dahl, the developer of Node.js, released the first stable version on May 27, 2009. He developed Node.js out of dissatisfaction with the possibilities that JavaScript offered at the time. The basic functionality of Node.js has been mapped with JavaScript since the first version, which can be expanded with a large number of different modules. The current package managers (npm or Yarn) for Node.js know more than 1,000,000 of these modules.
      • Fast server-side solutions: Node.js adopts the JavaScript "event-loop" to create non-blocking I/O applications that conveniently serve simultaneous events. With the standard available asynchronous processing within JavaScript/TypeScript, highly scalable, server-side solutions can be realized. The efficient use of the CPU and the RAM is maximized and more simultaneous requests can be processed than with conventional multi-thread servers.
      • A language along the entire stack: Widely used frameworks such as React or AngularJS or Vue.js, which we prefer, are written in JavaScript/TypeScript. If Node.js is now used on the server side, you can use all the advantages of a uniform script language throughout the entire application development. The same language in the back- and frontend simplifies the maintenance of the application and also the coordination within the development team.
      • Flexibility: Node.js sets very few strict dependencies, rules and guidelines and thus grants a high degree of flexibility in application development. There are no strict conventions so that the appropriate architecture, design structures, modules and features can be freely selected for the development.
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      Simon Reymann
      Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 23 upvotes · 4.8M views

      Our whole Vue.js frontend stack (incl. SSR) consists of the following tools:

      • Nuxt.js consisting of Vue CLI, Vue Router, vuex, Webpack and Sass (Bundler for HTML5, CSS 3), Babel (Transpiler for JavaScript),
      • Vue Styleguidist as our style guide and pool of developed Vue.js components
      • Vuetify as Material Component Framework (for fast app development)
      • TypeScript as programming language
      • Apollo / GraphQL (incl. GraphiQL) for data access layer (https://apollo.vuejs.org/)
      • ESLint, TSLint and Prettier for coding style and code analyzes
      • Jest as testing framework
      • Google Fonts and Font Awesome for typography and icon toolkit
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      The main reason we have chosen Vue.js over React and AngularJS is related to the following artifacts:

      • Empowered HTML. Vue.js has many similar approaches with Angular. This helps to optimize HTML blocks handling with the use of different components.
      • Detailed documentation. Vue.js has very good documentation which can fasten learning curve for developers.
      • Adaptability. It provides a rapid switching period from other frameworks. It has similarities with Angular and React in terms of design and architecture.
      • Awesome integration. Vue.js can be used for both building single-page applications and more difficult web interfaces of apps. Smaller interactive parts can be easily integrated into the existing infrastructure with no negative effect on the entire system.
      • Large scaling. Vue.js can help to develop pretty large reusable templates.
      • Tiny size. Vue.js weights around 20KB keeping its speed and flexibility. It allows reaching much better performance in comparison to other frameworks.
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      JavaFX logo

      JavaFX

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      A Java library for building Rich Internet Applications
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      PROS OF JAVAFX
      • 10
        Light
      CONS OF JAVAFX
      • 1
        Community support less than qt
      • 1
        Complicated

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      JavaFXJavaFXSwingvySwingvy

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      GWT logo

      GWT

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      An open-source set of tools to create and maintain complex JavaScript front-end applications
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      PROS OF GWT
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        CONS OF GWT
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          PrimeFaces logo

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          PROS OF PRIMEFACES
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            JEE Integration
          • 1
            Support Contract available
          • 1
            Nice Components
          CONS OF PRIMEFACES
          • 1
            JSF
          • 1
            Some components have to be bought

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          React logo

          React

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          PROS OF REACT
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            Components
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            Virtual dom
          • 578
            Performance
          • 508
            Simplicity
          • 442
            Composable
          • 186
            Data flow
          • 166
            Declarative
          • 128
            Isn't an mvc framework
          • 120
            Reactive updates
          • 115
            Explicit app state
          • 50
            JSX
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            Learn once, write everywhere
          • 22
            Easy to Use
          • 21
            Uni-directional data flow
          • 17
            Works great with Flux Architecture
          • 11
            Great perfomance
          • 10
            Javascript
          • 9
            Built by Facebook
          • 8
            TypeScript support
          • 6
            Speed
          • 6
            Server Side Rendering
          • 5
            Feels like the 90s
          • 5
            Excellent Documentation
          • 5
            Props
          • 5
            Functional
          • 5
            Easy as Lego
          • 5
            Closer to standard JavaScript and HTML than others
          • 5
            Cross-platform
          • 5
            Easy to start
          • 5
            Hooks
          • 5
            Awesome
          • 5
            Scalable
          • 4
            Super easy
          • 4
            Allows creating single page applications
          • 4
            Server side views
          • 4
            Sdfsdfsdf
          • 4
            Start simple
          • 4
            Strong Community
          • 4
            Fancy third party tools
          • 4
            Scales super well
          • 3
            Has arrow functions
          • 3
            Beautiful and Neat Component Management
          • 3
            Just the View of MVC
          • 3
            Simple, easy to reason about and makes you productive
          • 3
            Fast evolving
          • 3
            SSR
          • 3
            Great migration pathway for older systems
          • 3
            Rich ecosystem
          • 3
            Simple
          • 3
            Has functional components
          • 3
            Every decision architecture wise makes sense
          • 3
            Very gentle learning curve
          • 2
            Split your UI into components with one true state
          • 2
            Recharts
          • 2
            Permissively-licensed
          • 2
            Fragments
          • 2
            Sharable
          • 2
            Image upload
          • 2
            HTML-like
          • 1
            React hooks
          • 1
            Datatables
          CONS OF REACT
          • 41
            Requires discipline to keep architecture organized
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            No predefined way to structure your app
          • 29
            Need to be familiar with lots of third party packages
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            JSX
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            Not enterprise friendly
          • 6
            One-way binding only
          • 3
            State consistency with backend neglected
          • 3
            Bad Documentation
          • 2
            Error boundary is needed
          • 2
            Paradigms change too fast

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          I built out my application using tools I was familiar with, React for the framework, Redux.js to manage my state across components, and styled-components for the styling.

          Now as this was a project I was just working on in my free time for fun I didn't really want to pay for hosting. I did some research and I found Netlify. I had actually seen them at #ReactRally the year before and deployed a Gatsby site to Netlify already.

          Netlify was very easy to setup and link to my GitHub account you select a repo and pretty much with very little configuration you have a live site that will deploy every time you push to master.

          With the selection of these tools I was able to build out my application, connect it to a realtime database, and deploy to a live environment all with $0 spent.

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          Zach Holman

          Oof. I have truly hated JavaScript for a long time. Like, for over twenty years now. Like, since the Clinton administration. It's always been a nightmare to deal with all of the aspects of that silly language.

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          But yeah, things are different now. I still love Rails, and still use it for a lot of apps I build. But it's that silly rich apps phrase that's the problem. Users have way more comprehensive expectations than they did even five years ago, and the JS community does a good job at building tools and tech that tackle the problems of making heavy, complicated UI and frontend work.

          Obviously there's a lot of things happening here, so just saying "JavaScript isn't terrible" might encompass a huge amount of libraries and frameworks. But if you're like me, yeah, give things another shot- I'm somehow not hating on JavaScript anymore and... gulp... I kinda love it.

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          JSF logo

          JSF

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          PROS OF JSF
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            Very Mature UI framework
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          CONS OF JSF
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            Hello guys, my first time here, and for requesting advice.

            I am a JavaScript Developer MERN Stack with a focus on Frontend Development. I wanna go more to Backend Development.

            Which Language has a Solid Ecosystem and not so many changes like JavaScript Frontend, quite Frankly that's freaking me out nowadays!

            In my Location Germany Industries, Finance, Utilities, Insurances, Retails, and Healthcare dominate Java in the Backend. In my case Java is the logical choice BUT, XML, old codebase, JSP/JSF , boring and verbose syntax without Syntactic Sugar, test Battle, and so on make me crazy.

            I have Java, Python, Golang, and Node.js/TypeScript as a choice, but because of a lack of Backend knowledge, I can't make a decision. Which Language and Ecosystem should I learn and master for a long time, my Goal is to work with a selected stack for 10+ years and I don't do Data Science only Software Engineering.

            Thanks for reading and Advice! Important! !!! I see via Email somebody send me an Advice, but unfortunately i can't see/read your Advice here :( Users like: Jose Manuel Ortega or nullStack65....

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            Hello guys! I would ask for your advice. Our situation is like that there will be a project to revamp workflows and introduce new services like mobile apps, machine learning, and some online services that would use cloud storage. We use JSF, JavaScript, Ajax, Spring, Oracle 12c running on Linux (VM) and providing online services to internal users and the public. But, we are not technically savvy enough to evaluate what tools should be introduced. Personally, I am evaluating whether to take this opportunity to change our practice/PM approach from Prince to Scrum/Agile (It seemed that DevOps is popular) ... Since we adopt ISO 27001 and ISO 20000, security is a crucial factor that we consider. Would you please help to recommend a list of tools and explain the reasons why you recommend them? Thanks in advance~!

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