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Selenium vs WebdriverIO: What are the differences?

What is Selenium? Web Browser Automation. Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.

What is WebdriverIO? Webdriver/Selenium 2.0 JavaScript bindings for Node.js. WebdriverIO lets you control a browser or a mobile application with just a few lines of code. Your test code will look simple, concise and easy to read.

Selenium and WebdriverIO belong to "Browser Testing" category of the tech stack.

Selenium and WebdriverIO are both open source tools. It seems that Selenium with 14.9K GitHub stars and 4.97K forks on GitHub has more adoption than WebdriverIO with 5.04K GitHub stars and 1.44K GitHub forks.

MIT, Typeform, and Bukalapak are some of the popular companies that use Selenium, whereas WebdriverIO is used by SuperAgendador.com, Soluto, and Shelf. Selenium has a broader approval, being mentioned in 777 company stacks & 442 developers stacks; compared to WebdriverIO, which is listed in 7 company stacks and 3 developer stacks.

Advice on Selenium and WebdriverIO
Needs advice
on
WebdriverIOWebdriverIOSeleniumSelenium
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JestJest
in

we are having one web application developed in Reacts.js. in the application, we have only 4 to 5 pages that we need to test. I am having experience in selenium with java. Please suggets which tool I should use. and why ............................ ............................ .............................

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Replies (1)
Prashanth Marappa
Senior Software Engineer at Mphasis · | 1 upvotes · 98.7K views
Recommends
SeleniumSelenium

with the help of selenium we can automate react js for functional testing

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Needs advice
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WebdriverIOWebdriverIOSelenideSelenide
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CypressCypress

Hi, I am starting out to test an application that is currently being developed - FE: React. BE: Node JS. I want the framework to be able to test all UI scenarios (from simple to complex) and also have the capability to test APIs. I also need to run tests across all OSs and Browsers (Windows, Mac, Android, iOS). I have also looked into react-testing-library and @TestProject.io. Any advice you can give as to which framework would be best and why would be so much appreciated! Thank you!!

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Replies (3)
Recommends
PlaywrightPlaywright

You should also definitely look into Playwright, which is a new automation tool from Microsoft building on top of the Puppeteer experience and trying to bring this experience in the cross browser space - very exciting project. Great team. Also CodeceptJS as already Playwright support which at a ton of valuable features on top of Playwright, give it a go!

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Jinesh Khimsaria
Test Automation Specialist at Personal · | 3 upvotes · 35.6K views
Recommends
WebdriverIOWebdriverIO

I'm also looking for the same, FE: React & BE: NodeJS. Cypress won't help as it lacks cross-browser testing, it doesn't support all the browsers. I'm still investigating it, but looks like WebdriverIO may fulfil what I'm looking for - Cross-browser testing, integration with CI/CD, running it as a docker service, good support on assertions & reporting of test results. Let me know if you found any information on any of the above mentioned points.

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Recommends
CodeceptJSCodeceptJS

Hi Esther, if you really need cross OS and cross device automation Cypress wont help, with WebdriverIO you can do it … and check out CodeceptJS, which is a wrapper around several frameworks (like WebdriverIO) and will support future players (currently for example upcoming Playwright) as well.

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Pros of Selenium
Pros of WebdriverIO
  • 169
    Automates browsers
  • 154
    Testing
  • 101
    Essential tool for running test automation
  • 24
    Record-Playback
  • 24
    Remote Control
  • 8
    Data crawling
  • 7
    Supports end to end testing
  • 6
    Functional testing
  • 6
    Easy set up
  • 4
    The Most flexible monitoring system
  • 3
    Easy to integrate with build tools
  • 3
    End to End Testing
  • 2
    Integration Tests
  • 2
    Comparing the performance selenium is faster than jasm
  • 2
    Record and playback
  • 2
    Compatible with Python
  • 2
    Easy to scale
  • 0
    Integrated into Selenium-Jupiter framework
  • 11
    Various integrations to vendors like Sauce Labs
  • 8
    Great community
  • 8
    Open Source
  • 7
    Easy to setup
  • 2
    Best solution for broad browser support

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Cons of Selenium
Cons of WebdriverIO
  • 7
    Flaky tests
  • 2
    Slow as needs to make browser (even with no gui)
  • 7
    High maintenance

Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

What is Selenium?

Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.

What is WebdriverIO?

WebdriverIO lets you control a browser or a mobile application with just a few lines of code. Your test code will look simple, concise and easy to read.

Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

What companies use Selenium?
What companies use WebdriverIO?
See which teams inside your own company are using Selenium or WebdriverIO.
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What tools integrate with Selenium?
What tools integrate with WebdriverIO?

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What are some alternatives to Selenium and WebdriverIO?
Protractor
Protractor is an end-to-end test framework for Angular and AngularJS applications. Protractor runs tests against your application running in a real browser, interacting with it as a user would.
Cypress
Cypress is a front end automated testing application created for the modern web. Cypress is built on a new architecture and runs in the same run-loop as the application being tested. As a result Cypress provides better, faster, and more reliable testing for anything that runs in a browser. Cypress works on any front-end framework or website.
Nightwatchjs
Nightwatch.js is an easy to use Node.js based End-to-End (E2E) testing solution for browser based apps and websites. It uses the powerful Selenium WebDriver API to perform commands and assertions on DOM elements.
Puppeteer
Puppeteer is a Node library which provides a high-level API to control headless Chrome over the DevTools Protocol. It can also be configured to use full (non-headless) Chrome.
Cucumber
Cucumber is a tool that supports Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD) - a software development process that aims to enhance software quality and reduce maintenance costs.
See all alternatives