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Play vs Spring Framework: What are the differences?


Key differences between Play and Spring Framework are important to understand for developers who are choosing a framework for their projects.

  1. Architecture: Play Framework follows a more opinionated architecture, which provides a default structure to develop web applications, while Spring Framework offers more flexibility with its modular design, allowing developers to choose the components they want to use, such as Spring Boot for microservices.

  2. Language Support: Play Framework is primarily designed for Scala and Java languages, making it a preferred choice for developers using these languages, whereas Spring Framework supports a wide range of programming languages, such as Java, Groovy, and Kotlin, providing more options for developers.

  3. Template Engine: Play Framework comes with its own template engine called Twirl, which simplifies the process of creating views in web applications, while Spring Framework supports various template engines, such as Thymeleaf and FreeMarker, giving developers more flexibility in choosing the right tool for their project.

  4. Reactive Programming: Play Framework is built on reactive principles, making it suitable for building reactive applications that can handle a high volume of concurrent users and I/O operations efficiently, while Spring Framework provides support for reactive programming through its Spring WebFlux module, offering similar capabilities.

  5. Dependency Injection: Spring Framework is known for its robust dependency injection feature, which helps in managing dependencies between components, while Play Framework follows a more lightweight approach to dependency injection, which may be suitable for smaller projects with fewer dependencies.

  6. Community and Ecosystem: Spring Framework has a large and active community with extensive documentation and support, offering a wide range of third-party libraries and tools, while Play Framework, although gaining popularity, may have a smaller community and ecosystem in comparison, affecting the availability of resources and solutions.

In Summary, understanding the key differences between Play and Spring Framework is crucial for developers to choose the right framework based on their project requirements and familiarity with the specific features each framework offers.

Advice on Play and Spring Framework
Needs advice
Spring FrameworkSpring Framework

Hi there, I'm deciding the technology to use in my project.

I need to build software that has:

  • Login
  • Register
  • Main View (access to a user account, News, General Info, Business hours, software, and parts section).
  • Account Preferences.
  • Web Shop for Parts (Support, Download Sections, Ticket System).

The most critical functionality is a WebSocket that connects between a car that sends real-time data through serial communication, and a server performs diagnosis on the car and sends the results back to the user.

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Replies (4)

You can use NestJs with microservice architecture.where you can also use for web socket. you can use MongoDB (For real-time data) & MySQL for customer management.if you don't want to implement can use gives realtime database & firestore.which can handle millions of connections and scale it up.

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Mohammad-Ali A'râbi
Software Engineer at AppTec GmbH · | 5 upvotes · 221.6K views

I would also go with NestJS. I would say Java is unnecessarily complicated and limited. And Python is not typed. TypeScript is powerful and typed and goes well with NestJS, especially using RxJS.

Django does not enforce backend-frontend separation, which probably was a good thing back in the days, but not anymore. But on the other hand enforces the project structure to you, which I don't like.

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Amit Parameshwar
NodeJS Intern at CartRabbit · | 3 upvotes · 577.5K views

Just a simple Node.JS app with templating engine for UI can be sufficient for what you want to achieve.

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Spring FrameworkSpring Framework

Spring boot with Spring Security[JWT], Websocket, Thymeleaf or Mustache, and styling with Bootstrap.

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Pros of Play
Pros of Spring Framework
  • 81
  • 55
    Web-friendly architecture
  • 55
    Built on akka
  • 50
  • 47
  • 46
  • 40
    Open source
  • 34
  • 27
    High velocity
  • 24
  • 9
  • 8
    Non-blocking io
  • 6
    Developer friendly
  • 5
    Simple template engine
  • 4
  • 3
    Pure love
  • 2
    Resource efficient
    Be the first to leave a pro

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    Cons of Play
    Cons of Spring Framework
    • 3
      Evolves fast, keep up with releases
    • 1
      Unnecessarily complicated
      Be the first to leave a con

      Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

      What is Play?

      Play Framework makes it easy to build web applications with Java & Scala. Play is based on a lightweight, stateless, web-friendly architecture. Built on Akka, Play provides predictable and minimal resource consumption (CPU, memory, threads) for highly-scalable applications.

      What is Spring Framework?

      It provides a comprehensive programming and configuration model for modern Java-based enterprise applications - on any kind of deployment platform. The framework's core features can be used by any Java application, but there are extensions for building web applications on top of the Java EE platform.

      Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

      What companies use Play?
      What companies use Spring Framework?
      See which teams inside your own company are using Play or Spring Framework.
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      What tools integrate with Play?
      What tools integrate with Spring Framework?

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      What are some alternatives to Play and Spring Framework?
      A key element of Spring is infrastructural support at the application level: Spring focuses on the "plumbing" of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic, without unnecessary ties to specific deployment environments.
      Spring Boot
      Spring Boot makes it easy to create stand-alone, production-grade Spring based Applications that you can "just run". We take an opinionated view of the Spring platform and third-party libraries so you can get started with minimum fuss. Most Spring Boot applications need very little Spring configuration.
      JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
      Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
      GitHub is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and complete strangers. Over three million people use GitHub to build amazing things together.
      See all alternatives