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MediaWiki vs XWiki: What are the differences?

MediaWiki and XWiki are two popular wiki platforms that offer similar functionalities but have distinct differences in terms of features, customization, and use cases.

1. Platform: MediaWiki is a PHP-based wiki platform primarily developed for Wikipedia, focusing on collaborative content creation and editing. XWiki, on the other hand, is a Java-based wiki platform designed for both personal and enterprise use, with additional features like document management and knowledge organization.

2. Customization and Theming: MediaWiki provides a limited range of customization options and theming capabilities. While it offers the ability to modify skins and add extensions, the customization process can be complex and require technical expertise. In contrast, XWiki offers robust customization features, allowing users to easily create custom templates, styles, and layouts without the need for extensive coding knowledge.

3. Access Control and Permissions: MediaWiki follows a simple access control model with basic user rights management. Although it supports permissions to restrict editing, moderation, and administrative privileges, the level of granularity is limited. XWiki, on the other hand, provides a more advanced access control mechanism that offers fine-grained permissions management, allowing administrators to define intricate access rules based on user roles, groups, and even sections of content.

4. Page Editing and WYSIWYG: MediaWiki primarily relies on wiki markup language for page editing, which can be a hurdle for non-technical users. Although it supports WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) editing through extensions, the overall editing experience may not be as intuitive. In contrast, XWiki offers a native WYSIWYG editor that simplifies page editing and content creation, making it easier for users with no prior knowledge of wiki markup code.

5. Extensions and Plugins: MediaWiki provides an extensive library of extensions for adding additional functionalities. However, the installation and management of these extensions can be complex and may require technical expertise. XWiki offers a wide range of built-in features and plugins, simplifying the process of extending its capabilities without relying on third-party extensions.

6. Use Cases: MediaWiki is most commonly used for collaborative content creation, especially for large-scale wikis like Wikipedia. It excels in handling extensive repositories of knowledge but may not be as suitable for advanced document management or intranet solutions. XWiki, on the other hand, is designed to cater to both personal and enterprise needs, making it a versatile choice for managing knowledge bases, creating documentation, and collaborating on projects.

In Summary, MediaWiki and XWiki differ in terms of their platform, customization capabilities, access control, editing experience, extension management, and use cases. While MediaWiki may be better suited for extensive content creation on large wikis, XWiki offers more customization options, advanced access control, and a simpler editing experience for both personal and enterprise use cases.

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What is MediaWiki?

It is a free server-based software. It is an extremely powerful, scalable software and a feature-rich wiki implementation that uses PHP to process and display data stored in a database, such as MySQL.

What is XWiki?

It is a free wiki software platform written in Java with a design emphasis on extensibility. It is an enterprise wiki. It includes WYSIWYG editing, OpenDocument based document import/export, semantic annotations and tagging, and advanced permissions management.

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What are some alternatives to MediaWiki and XWiki?
Microsoft SharePoint
It empowers teamwork with dynamic and productive team sites for every project team, department, and division. Share and manage content, knowledge, and applications to empower teamwork, quickly find information, and seamlessly collaborate across the organization.
The core software is built by hundreds of community volunteers, and when you’re ready for more there are thousands of plugins and themes available to transform your site into almost anything you can imagine. Over 60 million people have chosen WordPress to power the place on the web they call “home” — we’d love you to join the family.
Capture the knowledge that's too often lost in email inboxes and shared network drives in Confluence instead – where it's easy to find, use, and update.
It is a simple to use and highly versatile Open Source wiki software that doesn't require a database. It has clean and readable syntax. The ease of maintenance, backup and integration makes it an administrator's favorite. Built in access controls and authentication connectors make it especially useful in the enterprise context and the large number of plugins contributed by its vibrant community allow for a broad range of use cases beyond a traditional wiki.
Drupal is an open source content management platform powering millions of websites and applications. It’s built, used, and supported by an active and diverse community of people around the world.
See all alternatives