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MEAN vs Meteor: What are the differences?

Introduction

MEAN and Meteor are two popular frameworks used for web development. While both frameworks have similarities, they also have key differences that set them apart from each other. In this article, we will discuss the key differences between MEAN and Meteor.

  1. Architecture: The MEAN stack is a collection of technologies, including MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, and Node.js. Each of these technologies is responsible for different aspects of web development, such as the database, server-side logic, and frontend. On the other hand, Meteor is a full-stack JavaScript framework that combines backend and frontend development, providing a unified platform for both. Unlike MEAN, Meteor uses a reactive data system that automatically updates the UI when the database changes.

  2. Real-time capabilities: Meteor is known for its real-time capabilities, allowing instant updates and synchronization of data between the client and server. It uses a publish/subscribe model, where the server publishes changes to the data, and the client subscribes to receive those updates automatically. MEAN also supports real-time functionality but requires additional libraries or frameworks to implement it.

  3. Development speed: Meteor focuses on rapid development and provides a large number of built-in features and packages, making it easier to build web applications quickly. It has a built-in build system, hot code reload, and automatic data synchronization. MEAN, on the other hand, requires more configuration and setup, as each technology in the stack needs to be integrated separately.

  4. Scalability: MEAN is designed to be highly scalable, as it can handle large amounts of traffic and data by leveraging the distributed architecture of Node.js and MongoDB. It allows horizontal scaling by adding more servers to the cluster. Meteor, although scalable, is better suited for small to medium-sized applications, as it may face performance issues with large-scale applications.

  5. Community and ecosystem: Both MEAN and Meteor have active communities and vibrant ecosystems. However, MEAN has been around for a longer time and has a larger community and a wider range of available libraries and resources. Meteor, being a more specialized framework, has a smaller community but still offers a decent number of packages and resources.

  6. Learning Curve: MEAN relies on a combination of technologies, each with its own learning curve. Developers need to be familiar with MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, and Node.js to effectively work with MEAN. Meteor, on the other hand, has a relatively smaller learning curve as it provides a unified platform with a consistent API.

In summary, MEAN and Meteor differ in their architecture, real-time capabilities, development speed, scalability, community/ecosystem, and learning curve. MEAN provides a collection of independent technologies, while Meteor combines frontend and backend development. Meteor excels in real-time functionality and rapid development, but MEAN offers greater scalability and a larger community.

Decisions about MEAN and Meteor
Lucas Litton
Founder & CEO at Macombey · | 13 upvotes · 554K views

Next.js is probably the most enjoyable React framework our team could have picked. The development is an extremely smooth process, the file structure is beautiful and organized, and the speed is no joke. Our work with Next.js comes out much faster than if it was built on pure React or frameworks alike. We were previously developing all of our projects in Meteor before making the switch. We left Meteor due to the slow compiler and website speed. We deploy all of our Next.js projects on Vercel.

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This basically came down to two things: performance on compute-heavy tasks and a need for good tooling. We used to have a Meteor based Node.js application which worked great for RAD and getting a working prototype in a short time, but we felt pains trying to scale it, especially when doing anything involving crunching data, which Node sucks at. We also had bad experience with tooling support for doing large scale refactorings in Javascript compared to the best-in-class tools available for Java (IntelliJ). Given the heavy domain and very involved logic we wanted good tooling support to be able to do great refactorings that are just not possible in Javascript. Java is an old warhorse, but it performs fantastically and we have not regretted going down this route, avoiding "enterprise" smells and going as lightweight as we can, using Jdbi instead of Persistence API, a homegrown Actor Model library for massive concurrency, etc ...

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Pros of MEAN
Pros of Meteor
  • 86
    Javascript
  • 62
    Easy
  • 58
    Nosql
  • 52
    Great community
  • 50
    Mongoose
  • 50
    Modularity
  • 48
    Open source
  • 37
    Organized
  • 32
    Simple
  • 31
    Boilerplate
  • 10
    AngularJs
  • 9
    CLI
  • 9
    It's simply awesome
  • 8
    Cutting edge tech
  • 7
    Passport
  • 6
    It's a great new exciting stack
  • 6
    Yeoman
  • 6
    Docs
  • 5
    Friendly & Fun
  • 4
    Great Flexibility ;)
  • 4
    The WordPress of javascript apps
  • 3
    Genius
  • 2
    Modular
  • 2
    Scalable
  • 2
    JavaScript only
  • 1
    Growing Community
  • 1
    It's fun and has great potential
  • 1
    Gulp
  • 1
    Because i can write everything using javascript
  • 1
    Fast
  • 0
    The best
  • 252
    Real-time
  • 200
    Full stack, one language
  • 183
    Best app dev platform available today
  • 155
    Data synchronization
  • 152
    Javascript
  • 118
    Focus on your product not the plumbing
  • 107
    Hot code pushes
  • 106
    Open source
  • 102
    Live page updates
  • 92
    Latency compensation
  • 39
    Ultra-simple development environment
  • 29
    Real time awesome
  • 29
    Smart Packages
  • 23
    Great for beginners
  • 22
    Direct Cordova integration
  • 16
    Better than Rails
  • 15
    Less moving parts
  • 13
    It's just amazing
  • 10
    Blaze
  • 8
    Great community support
  • 8
    Plugins for everything
  • 6
    One command spits out android and ios ready apps.
  • 5
    It just works
  • 5
    0 to Production in no time
  • 4
    Coding Speed
  • 4
    Easy deployment
  • 4
    Is Agile in development hybrid(mobile/web)
  • 4
    You can grok it in a day. No ng nonsense
  • 2
    Easy yet powerful
  • 2
    AngularJS Integration
  • 2
    One Code => 3 Platforms: Web, Android and IOS
  • 2
    Community
  • 1
    Easy Setup
  • 1
    Free
  • 1
    Nosql
  • 1
    Hookie friendly
  • 1
    High quality, very few bugs
  • 1
    Stack available on Codeanywhere
  • 1
    Real time
  • 1
    Friendly to use

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Cons of MEAN
Cons of Meteor
    Be the first to leave a con
    • 5
      Does not scale well
    • 4
      Hard to debug issues on the server-side
    • 4
      Heavily CPU bound

    Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

    What is MEAN?

    MEAN (Mongo, Express, Angular, Node) is a boilerplate that provides a nice starting point for MongoDB, Node.js, Express, and AngularJS based applications. It is designed to give you a quick and organized way to start developing MEAN based web apps with useful modules like Mongoose and Passport pre-bundled and configured.

    What is Meteor?

    A Meteor application is a mix of JavaScript that runs inside a client web browser, JavaScript that runs on the Meteor server inside a Node.js container, and all the supporting HTML fragments, CSS rules, and static assets.

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    What companies use MEAN?
    What companies use Meteor?
    See which teams inside your own company are using MEAN or Meteor.
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    What tools integrate with MEAN?
    What tools integrate with Meteor?

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