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Lombok vs Spring: What are the differences?


Lombok and Spring are two popular Java frameworks used for developing applications. While both frameworks offer various features and benefits, there are key differences that set them apart.

  1. Annotation-based vs Dependency Injection: One of the fundamental differences between Lombok and Spring is their approach to dependency injection. Lombok focuses on simplifying the code by providing annotations that reduce boilerplate code, such as getter and setter methods. On the other hand, Spring is a full-fledged dependency injection framework that provides a comprehensive solution for managing dependencies and configuring application components.

  2. Application Focus: Another significant difference between Lombok and Spring lies in their application focus. Lombok primarily aims to improve the coding experience by reducing verbosity and adding convenience annotations, ultimately enhancing developer productivity. In contrast, Spring is a comprehensive framework that covers various aspects of enterprise application development, including dependency injection, data access, security, and MVC.

  3. Scope of Features: Lombok offers a limited set of features that mainly focus on code-level improvements, such as automatic generation of getter and setter methods, builder pattern, and immutability. On the other hand, Spring provides a vast array of features and modules that cater to different aspects of application development, including integration with different databases, caching, enterprise messaging, and RESTful web services.

  4. Ease of Configuration: Lombok aims to simplify the code without burdening developers with complicated configuration. It achieves this by relying on annotations that can be added directly to the code. On the other hand, Spring, being a comprehensive framework, requires additional configuration in XML or Java-based configuration classes to define beans and their dependencies.

  5. Community and Ecosystem: Spring has a large and active community behind it, offering extensive resources, documentation, and support. The Spring ecosystem consists of various modules and libraries created by the community that can be easily integrated into Spring-based applications. In contrast, Lombok has a smaller community and a more limited set of resources and integrations available.

  6. Application Compatibility: While Lombok provides convenience annotations to simplify coding, it may not be compatible with all code analysis or IDE tools that rely on explicit code generation. Spring, being a popular and well-established framework, is widely supported by IDEs, build tools, and other related tools.

In summary, Lombok simplifies code by providing annotations that reduce boilerplate, while Spring is a comprehensive framework focusing on dependency injection, enterprise application development, and various APIs and modules. Lombok has a limited set of features, while Spring offers a broad range of functionalities. Lombok is easier to configure, but Spring has a larger community and ecosystem with extensive resources and support.

Advice on Lombok and Spring
Needs advice

I am a graduate student working as a software engineer in a company. For my personal development, I want to learn web development. I have some experience in Springboot while I was in university. So I want to continue with spring-boot, but I heard about Django. I'm reaching out to the experts here to help me choose a future proof framework. Django or Spring Boot?

Thanks in Advance

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Replies (5)

Kamrul Hasan, Don't choose dying technologies with small communities. How many startups do you think use Spring and Django? Use Google Trends to compare technologies. Study the StackOverflow developer survey and job websites to see what technologies are wanted. Few teams can afford to train you to get up to their level so be a life-long learner. Embrace the dawn of a new industry and become an expert.

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Sulaiman Sanusi

I recommend you stick to Java Spring as you already have experience with the technology, i suggest you master this technology and then if Django seam to be very interesting to you, django is a framework you can easily pickup as python is also easy, you have to probably be able to manage the context switching between a static typed language like Java to dynamic language like python

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Christoph Becker

It depends on what you want. Spring is Java-based whereas Django is Python-based. The question rather is Java vs Python. I personally recommend Python as it's shorter and easy to learn. But Java has advantages in really big systems.

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Gonzalo Fernández

Hi Kamrul,

It really depends on the kind of project and whether you feel more comfortable with Java or Python. Both are excellent frameworks, with a huge community and learning material. I've been working with Spring Boot since I started coding almost and I can assure you it's the perfect combination for Java. The learning curve may be harder that Django, but once you know the basics you're good to go. I can't tell you much about Django but you must now by now that it has a great reputation with Python users. In any case I don't think you can go wrong with any of these two. My advice is, if you are already familiar with the Spring framework, give Spring Boot a try, because you're going to find out that it just makes the whole Spring experience so much easier. Let us know what you chose!

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Both are in active development and had huge community support. It really depends on you what you are comfortable with. Both are married to their respective languages. I choose Python over Java because of its simplicity and readability. To develop in java you need to write a lot of code. That's how java is. The best part I love with Django is its synchronization with Databases.

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Pros of Lombok
Pros of Spring
    Be the first to leave a pro
    • 230
    • 157
      Open source
    • 136
      Great community
    • 123
      Very powerful
    • 114
    • 64
      Lot of great subprojects
    • 60
      Easy setup
    • 44
      Convention , configuration, done
    • 40
    • 31
      Love the logic
    • 13
      Good documentation
    • 11
      Dependency injection
    • 11
    • 9
    • 6
    • 3
      Makes the hard stuff fun & the easy stuff automatic
    • 3
      Strong typing
    • 2
      Code maintenance
    • 2
      Best practices
    • 2
    • 2
      Great Desgin
    • 2
      Easy Integration with Spring Security
    • 2
      Integrations with most other Java frameworks
    • 1
      Java has more support and more libraries
    • 1
      Supports vast databases
    • 1
      Large ecosystem with seamless integration
    • 1
      OracleDb integration
    • 1
      Live project

    Sign up to add or upvote prosMake informed product decisions

    Cons of Lombok
    Cons of Spring
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      • 15
        Draws you into its own ecosystem and bloat
      • 3
        Verbose configuration
      • 3
        Poor documentation
      • 3
      • 2
        Java is more verbose language in compare to python

      Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

      - No public GitHub repository available -

      What is Lombok?

      It is a java library that automatically plugs into your editor and build tools, spicing up your java. Never write another getter or equals method again, with one annotation your class has a fully featured builder, Automate your logging variables, and much more.

      What is Spring?

      A key element of Spring is infrastructural support at the application level: Spring focuses on the "plumbing" of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic, without unnecessary ties to specific deployment environments.

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      What companies use Spring?
      See which teams inside your own company are using Lombok or Spring.
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      What tools integrate with Lombok?
      What tools integrate with Spring?
        No integrations found

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