Kubernetes聽vs聽Marathon

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Kubernetes

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28.4K
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Marathon

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Kubernetes vs Marathon: What are the differences?

Kubernetes: Manage a cluster of Linux containers as a single system to accelerate Dev and simplify Ops. Kubernetes is an open source orchestration system for Docker containers. It handles scheduling onto nodes in a compute cluster and actively manages workloads to ensure that their state matches the users declared intentions; Marathon: Deploy and manage containers (including Docker) on top of Apache Mesos at scale. Marathon is an Apache Mesos framework for container orchestration. Marathon provides a REST API for starting, stopping, and scaling applications. Marathon is written in Scala and can run in highly-available mode by running multiple copies. The state of running tasks gets stored in the Mesos state abstraction.

Kubernetes and Marathon can be primarily classified as "Container" tools.

Kubernetes and Marathon are both open source tools. Kubernetes with 55K GitHub stars and 19.1K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Marathon with 3.87K GitHub stars and 875 GitHub forks.

Advice on Kubernetes and Marathon

Hello, we have a bunch of local hosts (Linux and Windows) where Docker containers are running with bamboo agents on them. Currently, each container is installed as a system service. Each host is set up manually. I want to improve the system by adding some sort of orchestration software that should install, update and check for consistency in my docker containers. I don't need any clouds, all hosts are local. I'd prefer simple solutions. What orchestration system should I choose?

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Replies (1)
Mortie Torabi
Recommends
Docker Swarm

If you just want the basic orchestration between a set of defined hosts, go with Docker Swarm. If you want more advanced orchestration + flexibility in terms of resource management and load balancing go with Kubernetes. In both cases, you can make it even more complex while making the whole architecture more understandable and replicable by using Terraform.

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Decisions about Kubernetes and Marathon
Michael Roberts

We develop rapidly with docker-compose orchestrated services, however, for production - we utilise the very best ideas that Kubernetes has to offer: SCALE! We can scale when needed, setting a maximum and minimum level of nodes for each application layer - scaling only when the load balancer needs it. This allowed us to reduce our devops costs by 40% whilst also maintaining an SLA of 99.87%.

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Simon Reymann
Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH | 28 upvotes 路 2.6M views

Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

  • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
  • Respectively Git as revision control system
  • SourceTree as Git GUI
  • Visual Studio Code as IDE
  • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
  • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
  • SonarQube as quality gate
  • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
  • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
  • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
  • Heroku for deploying in test environments
  • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
  • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
  • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
  • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
  • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

  • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
  • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
  • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
  • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
  • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
  • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
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Pros of Kubernetes
Pros of Marathon
  • 152
    Leading docker container management solution
  • 121
    Simple and powerful
  • 96
    Open source
  • 73
    Backed by google
  • 56
    The right abstractions
  • 24
    Scale services
  • 17
    Replication controller
  • 9
    Permission managment
  • 6
    Simple
  • 5
    Supports autoscaling
  • 5
    Cheap
  • 3
    Reliable
  • 3
    No cloud platform lock-in
  • 3
    Self-healing
  • 3
    Open, powerful, stable
  • 3
    Scalable
  • 3
    Promotes modern/good infrascture practice
  • 2
    Cloud Agnostic
  • 2
    Backed by Red Hat
  • 2
    Custom and extensibility
  • 2
    Quick cloud setup
  • 2
    Captain of Container Ship
  • 2
    A self healing environment with rich metadata
  • 1
    Everything of CaaS
  • 1
    Easy setup
  • 1
    Expandable
  • 1
    Runs on azure
  • 1
    Sfg
  • 1
    Golang
  • 1
    Gke
  • 1
    High Availability
  • 1
    Powerful UI
  • 1
    Service Discovery
  • 1
    Load Balancing
  • 1
    Health Checks

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Cons of Kubernetes
Cons of Marathon
  • 13
    Poor workflow for development
  • 11
    Steep learning curve
  • 5
    Orchestrates only infrastructure
  • 2
    High resource requirements for on-prem clusters
    Be the first to leave a con

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    What is Kubernetes?

    Kubernetes is an open source orchestration system for Docker containers. It handles scheduling onto nodes in a compute cluster and actively manages workloads to ensure that their state matches the users declared intentions.

    What is Marathon?

    Marathon is an Apache Mesos framework for container orchestration. Marathon provides a REST API for starting, stopping, and scaling applications. Marathon is written in Scala and can run in highly-available mode by running multiple copies. The state of running tasks gets stored in the Mesos state abstraction.

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    Blog Posts

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    DigitalOcean

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    May 21 2020 at 12:02AM

    Rancher Labs

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    Rancher Labs

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    What are some alternatives to Kubernetes and Marathon?
    Docker Swarm
    Swarm serves the standard Docker API, so any tool which already communicates with a Docker daemon can use Swarm to transparently scale to multiple hosts: Dokku, Compose, Krane, Deis, DockerUI, Shipyard, Drone, Jenkins... and, of course, the Docker client itself.
    Nomad
    Nomad is a cluster manager, designed for both long lived services and short lived batch processing workloads. Developers use a declarative job specification to submit work, and Nomad ensures constraints are satisfied and resource utilization is optimized by efficient task packing. Nomad supports all major operating systems and virtualized, containerized, or standalone applications.
    OpenStack
    OpenStack is a cloud operating system that controls large pools of compute, storage, and networking resources throughout a datacenter, all managed through a dashboard that gives administrators control while empowering their users to provision resources through a web interface.
    Rancher
    Rancher is an open source container management platform that includes full distributions of Kubernetes, Apache Mesos and Docker Swarm, and makes it simple to operate container clusters on any cloud or infrastructure platform.
    Docker Compose
    With Compose, you define a multi-container application in a single file, then spin your application up in a single command which does everything that needs to be done to get it running.
    See all alternatives
    Reviews of Kubernetes and Marathon
    Review of
    Kubernetes

    It's a little bit complex to onboard, but once you grasp all the different concepts the platform is really powerful, and infrastructure stops being an issue.

    Service discovery, auto-recovery, scaling and orchestration are just a few of the features you get.

    How developers use Kubernetes and Marathon
    realcloudratics uses
    Kubernetes

    Good existential question. Kubernetes is painful in the extreme - especially when combined with Ansible. The layers of indirection are truly mind altering. But hey - containers are kewl!

    Japan Digital Design uses
    Kubernetes

    Our developer experience system is on Kubernetes (Google Kubernetes Engine at the moment). We would like to expand our Kubernetes clusters over other Kubernetes engine.

    ShareThis uses
    Kubernetes

    Kubernetes is used for managing microclusters within our AWS infrastructure. This allows us to deploy new infrastructure in seconds.

    papaver uses
    Kubernetes

    minor experience with kubernetes. helped a client setup a kubernetes infrastructure. love the elegance of the system.

    Andrew Gatenby uses
    Kubernetes

    It's the glue that holds our container management together, allowing things to scale when and where we need them.