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Vaadin vs jsf: What are the differences?

Vaadin vs JSF: Key Differences in Web Application Development

Vaadin and JSF are both frameworks used for building web applications. While they share similarities, there are several key differences between the two. Here are the six main points of distinction:

  1. Component-based vs Request-based Architecture: Vaadin utilizes a component-based architecture, where the UI components are created and managed on the server-side. In contrast, JSF follows a request-based architecture, where each request from the client triggers a new server request and the UI components are rendered again. This fundamental architectural difference impacts the development workflow and performance characteristics of the frameworks.

  2. Server-Driven vs Client-Driven Updates: In Vaadin, the server handles most of the UI rendering and event handling, reducing the need for custom JavaScript code on the client-side. On the other hand, JSF primarily relies on JavaScript and AJAX techniques to update the UI on the client-side, leading to more client-driven interactions. This distinction affects the developer's control over the UI updates and the complexity of implementing dynamic UI behaviors.

  3. Out-of-the-Box Component Set: Vaadin offers a comprehensive set of pre-built UI components that cover a wide range of use cases, including grids, forms, charts, and more. JSF, while extensible, does not provide an extensive out-of-the-box component set, relying more on third-party libraries and custom development for specific UI components. Therefore, Vaadin provides a more streamlined development experience with ready-to-use components.

  4. Java-Centric vs Language-Agnostic: Vaadin, being Java-centric, promotes full-stack web development using only Java, allowing developers to leverage existing Java knowledge and libraries. In contrast, JSF is a language-agnostic framework that supports different programming languages, including Java, Kotlin, Groovy, and more. This difference makes Vaadin a preferred choice for Java developers, while JSF offers flexibility for developers working with other programming languages.

  5. Client-Side Rendering vs Server-Side Rendering: Vaadin's primary rendering occurs on the server-side, where the UI components are translated into HTML and sent to the client browser. JSF, on the other hand, focuses on server-side UI component handling while rendering the actual HTML on the client-side using JavaScript. This distinction impacts the initial page load time, network traffic, and the ability to render dynamic UI parts efficiently.

  6. Community and Ecosystem: JSF has been around for longer and has a larger community and ecosystem, with numerous third-party libraries, tools, and resources available. Vaadin, though growing steadily, has a smaller community and ecosystem comparatively. This difference affects the availability of support, documentation, and ready-made solutions for different development challenges.

In summary, Vaadin and JSF offer different approaches to web application development. Vaadin follows a component-based architecture with server-driven updates and a rich out-of-the-box component set, while JSF utilizes a request-based architecture with client-driven updates and a more flexible, language-agnostic approach. Developers need to consider the specific requirements of their projects and their familiarity with Java or other languages to choose the most suitable framework.

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Pros of JSF
Pros of Vaadin
  • 2
    Rich and comprehensive Request Life-cycle
  • 1
    Very Mature UI framework
  • 1
    Server Side component
  • 9
  • 7
  • 6
    Open Source
  • 6
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
    Example packages
  • 1
    OSGI Support

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Cons of JSF
Cons of Vaadin
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    • 3
      Paid for more features

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    - No public GitHub repository available -

    What is JSF?

    It is used for building component-based user interfaces for web applications and was formalized as a standard through the Java Community

    What is Vaadin?

    It is the fastest way to build web applications in Java. It automates the communication between your server and the browser and gives you a high-level component API for all Vaadin components

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    What companies use JSF?
    What companies use Vaadin?
    See which teams inside your own company are using JSF or Vaadin.
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    What tools integrate with JSF?
    What tools integrate with Vaadin?
      No integrations found
      What are some alternatives to JSF and Vaadin?
      AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding.
      Spring MVC
      A Java framework that follows the Model-View-Controller design pattern and provides an elegant solution to use MVC in spring framework by the help of DispatcherServlet.
      A key element of Spring is infrastructural support at the application level: Spring focuses on the "plumbing" of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic, without unnecessary ties to specific deployment environments.
      HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.
      It is a set of graphics and media packages that enables developers to design, create, test, debug, and deploy rich client applications that operate consistently across diverse platforms.
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