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Groovy

1.3K
672
+ 1
201
Lua

1.2K
754
+ 1
155
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Groovy vs Lua: What are the differences?

Developers describe Groovy as "A dynamic language for the Java platform". Groovy builds upon the strengths of Java but has additional power features inspired by languages like Python, Ruby and Smalltalk. It makes modern programming features available to Java developers with almost-zero learning curve. On the other hand, Lua is detailed as "Powerful, fast, lightweight, embeddable scripting language". Lua combines simple procedural syntax with powerful data description constructs based on associative arrays and extensible semantics. Lua is dynamically typed, runs by interpreting bytecode for a register-based virtual machine, and has automatic memory management with incremental garbage collection, making it ideal for configuration, scripting, and rapid prototyping.

Groovy and Lua can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"Java platform" is the primary reason why developers consider Groovy over the competitors, whereas "Fast learning curve" was stated as the key factor in picking Lua.

Groovy and Lua are both open source tools. It seems that Groovy with 1.49K GitHub stars and 414 forks on GitHub has more adoption than Lua with 1.26K GitHub stars and 437 GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, Groovy has a broader approval, being mentioned in 78 company stacks & 73 developers stacks; compared to Lua, which is listed in 55 company stacks and 22 developer stacks.

Advice on Groovy and Lua
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on
PythonPythonLuaLua
and
JavaJava

I am trying to make Roblox game which requires Lua. I quite don't want to go with Lua just because other tools just might let me do more projects later on. I heard that Python is most similar to Lua, but I am still not sure which tool to use. Java, I think it will help me with many stuff later on for websites, projects, and more!

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Replies (2)
Rafey Iqbal Rahman
Recommends
LuaLua
at

Since you are trying to make a Roblox game, you have no other option than to use Lua, since Roblox only allows coding in Lua. Yes, you've heard right, Python is identical and as easy as Lua, although Lua is easier than Python. Beginning from Lua and then escalating to Python is recommended. Java is only helpful when you are creating a heavy, big-budget, enterprise-level product, otherwise, Python would suffice.

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Recommends
TypeScriptTypeScript

If you really hate lua check out roblox-ts, a tool that compiles typescript code into roblox lua. https://github.com/roblox-ts/roblox-ts

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Pros of Groovy
Pros of Lua
  • 42
    Java platform
  • 32
    Much more productive than java
  • 28
    Concise and readable
  • 27
    Very little code needed for complex tasks
  • 21
    Dynamic language
  • 12
    Nice dynamic syntax for the jvm
  • 9
    Very fast
  • 6
    Easy to setup
  • 6
    Can work with JSON as an object
  • 5
    Literal Collections
  • 5
    Supports closures (lambdas)
  • 2
    Developer Friendly
  • 2
    Optional static typing
  • 2
    Interoperable with Java
  • 2
    Syntactic sugar
  • 37
    Fast learning curve
  • 23
    Efficient memory usage
  • 23
    Very easy to embed in C programs
  • 17
    Open source
  • 13
    Good for game scripting
  • 6
    Simple Language
  • 6
    Supported in most game engines
  • 5
    Syntax is amazing
  • 5
    Quick to code
  • 4
    Pretty simple to learn
  • 4
    D
  • 1
    Coroutines

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Cons of Groovy
Cons of Lua
  • 3
    Groovy Code can be slower than Java Code
  • 1
    Objects cause stateful/heap mess
  • 3
    Nooby
  • 2
    Not widespread

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What is Groovy?

It is a powerful multi-faceted programming language for the JVM platform. It supports a spectrum of programming styles incorporating features from dynamic languages such as optional and duck typing, but also static compilation and static type checking at levels similar to or greater than Java through its extensible static type checker. It aims to greatly increase developer productivity with many powerful features but also a concise, familiar and easy to learn syntax.

What is Lua?

Lua combines simple procedural syntax with powerful data description constructs based on associative arrays and extensible semantics. Lua is dynamically typed, runs by interpreting bytecode for a register-based virtual machine, and has automatic memory management with incremental garbage collection, making it ideal for configuration, scripting, and rapid prototyping.

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What companies use Groovy?
What companies use Lua?
See which teams inside your own company are using Groovy or Lua.
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What tools integrate with Lua?

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What are some alternatives to Groovy and Lua?
Java
Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
Scala
Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
Kotlin
Kotlin is a statically typed programming language for the JVM, Android and the browser, 100% interoperable with Java
Python
Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
Gradle
Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. If you are building, testing, publishing, and deploying software on any platform, Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing web sites.
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