Clojure vs Scala: What are the differences?
Clojure: A dynamic programming language that targets the Java Virtual Machine. Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system; Scala: A pure-bred object-oriented language that runs on the JVM. Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
Clojure and Scala belong to "Languages" category of the tech stack.
"It is a lisp", "Concise syntax" and "Persistent data structures" are the key factors why developers consider Clojure; whereas "Static typing", "Jvm" and "Pattern-matching" are the primary reasons why Scala is favored.
Clojure and Scala are both open source tools. It seems that Scala with 11.8K GitHub stars and 2.75K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Clojure with 7.85K GitHub stars and 1.25K GitHub forks.
According to the StackShare community, Scala has a broader approval, being mentioned in 437 company stacks & 324 developers stacks; compared to Clojure, which is listed in 95 company stacks and 80 developer stacks.
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