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Appium vs Selenium: What are the differences?

  1. Programming Language Support: One key difference between Appium and Selenium is their programming language support. Appium is designed to support multiple programming languages such as Java, Python, Ruby, and JavaScript, making it more versatile and easier to integrate with a wider range of testing frameworks. On the other hand, Selenium predominantly works with Java, although additional bindings have been developed for other languages like Python and C#. This difference in language support can impact the ease of use for teams with varied technical backgrounds.

  2. Mobile Testing: Another significant difference lies in the primary focus of Appium and Selenium. Appium is primarily designed for mobile app testing, offering robust support for both iOS and Android platforms. It provides specific commands and features dedicated to mobile testing, making it a preferred choice for mobile application testing. Selenium, on the other hand, was initially developed for web application testing and lacks some of the specialized mobile testing features found in Appium.

  3. Native Automation Framework: Appium is an automation framework specifically built for mobile applications, allowing testers to automate native, hybrid, and mobile web applications seamlessly. It leverages vendor-provided automation frameworks (like XCUITest for iOS and UIAutomator for Android) to interact with the mobile elements directly, providing more accurate and efficient testing. Selenium, on the contrary, relies on JavaScript to interact with elements on web applications, which may not offer the same level of precision and reliability for mobile application testing.

  4. Setup and Configuration: The setup and configuration process of Appium and Selenium also differ significantly. Appium requires additional setup steps for mobile testing, such as installing the necessary dependencies, configuring mobile devices, and handling app installations. This complexity can pose a challenge for beginners or teams unfamiliar with mobile testing setups. On the contrary, Selenium typically involves a simpler setup process for web application testing, making it more accessible for a wider range of users.

  5. Access to Device Features: Appium provides direct access to native mobile device features like GPS, camera, and accelerometer, enabling testers to automate scenarios that require interaction with device-specific functionalities. This allows for comprehensive end-to-end testing of mobile applications in real-world conditions. Selenium, being primarily focused on web applications, lacks direct access to such device features, limiting the scope of testing scenarios that can be automated.

  6. Community and Support: The level of community support and resources available for Appium and Selenium also varies. Appium has a dedicated and active community that regularly contributes to its development, provides guidance, and shares best practices for mobile application testing. Selenium, being one of the oldest and widely used automation frameworks for web applications, also enjoys a strong community support base with extensive documentation and resources available online. However, the specific focus on mobile testing in Appium often leads to more tailored support and resources for mobile testers.

In Summary, Appium and Selenium differ in programming language support, focus on mobile testing, native automation framework, setup complexity, device feature access, and community support, making them suitable for different testing requirements.

Advice on Appium and Selenium
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we are having one web application developed in Reacts.js. in the application, we have only 4 to 5 pages that we need to test. I am having experience in selenium with java. Please suggets which tool I should use. and why ............................ ............................ .............................

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Prashanth Marappa
Senior Software Engineer at Mphasis · | 1 upvotes · 221.8K views
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with the help of selenium we can automate react js for functional testing

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Pros of Appium
Pros of Selenium
  • 12
    Webdriverio support
  • 6
    Java, C#, Python support
  • 3
    Open source
  • 2
    Great GUI with inspector
  • 2
    Active community
  • 1
    Support android test automation
  • 1
    Internal API access
  • 1
    Support iOS test automation
  • 176
    Automates browsers
  • 154
    Testing
  • 101
    Essential tool for running test automation
  • 24
    Record-Playback
  • 24
    Remote Control
  • 8
    Data crawling
  • 7
    Supports end to end testing
  • 6
    Easy set up
  • 6
    Functional testing
  • 4
    The Most flexible monitoring system
  • 3
    End to End Testing
  • 3
    Easy to integrate with build tools
  • 2
    Comparing the performance selenium is faster than jasm
  • 2
    Record and playback
  • 2
    Compatible with Python
  • 2
    Easy to scale
  • 2
    Integration Tests
  • 0
    Integrated into Selenium-Jupiter framework

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Cons of Appium
Cons of Selenium
    Be the first to leave a con
    • 8
      Flaky tests
    • 4
      Slow as needs to make browser (even with no gui)
    • 2
      Update browser drivers

    Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

    What is Appium?

    Appium is an open source test automation framework for use with native, hybrid, and mobile web apps. It drives iOS and Android apps using the WebDriver protocol. Appium is sponsored by Sauce Labs and a thriving community of open source developers.

    What is Selenium?

    Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.

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    What are some alternatives to Appium and Selenium?
    Selendroid
    Selendroid is a test automation framework which drives off the UI of Android native and hybrid applications (apps) and the mobile web. Tests are written using the Selenium 2 client API
    Detox
    High velocity native mobile development requires us to adopt continuous integration workflows, which means our reliance on manual QA has to drop significantly. It tests your mobile app while it's running in a real device/simulator, interacting with it just like a real user.
    BrowserStack
    BrowserStack is the leading test platform built for developers & QAs to expand test coverage, scale & optimize testing with cross-browser, real device cloud, accessibility, visual testing, test management, and test observability.
    JavaScript
    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
    Git
    Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
    See all alternatives