Alternatives to XML logo

Alternatives to XML

YAML, HTML5, JSON, JavaScript, and Git are the most popular alternatives and competitors to XML.
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What is XML and what are its top alternatives?

A markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
XML is a tool in the Languages category of a tech stack.

Top Alternatives to XML

  • YAML
    YAML

    A human-readable data-serialization language. It is commonly used for configuration files, but could be used in many applications where data is being stored or transmitted. ...

  • HTML5
    HTML5

    HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997. ...

  • JSON
    JSON

    JavaScript Object Notation is a lightweight data-interchange format. It is easy for humans to read and write. It is easy for machines to parse and generate. It is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language. ...

  • JavaScript
    JavaScript

    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles. ...

  • Git
    Git

    Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. ...

  • GitHub
    GitHub

    GitHub is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and complete strangers. Over three million people use GitHub to build amazing things together. ...

  • Python
    Python

    Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best. ...

  • jQuery
    jQuery

    jQuery is a cross-platform JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML. ...

XML alternatives & related posts

YAML logo

YAML

473
271
0
A straightforward machine parsable data serialization format designed for human readability and interaction
473
271
+ 1
0
PROS OF YAML
    Be the first to leave a pro
    CONS OF YAML
      Be the first to leave a con

      related YAML posts

      HTML5 logo

      HTML5

      146.2K
      124.7K
      2.2K
      5th major revision of the core language of the World Wide Web
      146.2K
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      PROS OF HTML5
      • 447
        New doctype
      • 389
        Local storage
      • 334
        Canvas
      • 285
        Semantic header and footer
      • 240
        Video element
      • 121
        Geolocation
      • 106
        Form autofocus
      • 100
        Email inputs
      • 85
        Editable content
      • 79
        Application caches
      • 10
        Easy to use
      • 9
        Cleaner Code
      • 4
        Easy
      • 4
        Semantical
      • 3
        Modern
      • 3
        Websockets
      • 3
        Better
      • 3
        Audio element
      • 2
        Semantic Header and Footer, Geolocation, New Doctype
      • 2
        Content focused
      • 2
        Compatible
      • 2
        Portability
      • 1
        Very easy to learning to HTML
      CONS OF HTML5
      • 1
        Easy to forget the tags when you're a begginner
      • 1
        Long and winding code

      related HTML5 posts

      Jan Vlnas
      Developer Advocate at Superface · | 26 upvotes · 363.6K views
      Shared insights
      on
      HTML5HTML5JavaScriptJavaScriptNext.jsNext.js

      Few years ago we were building a Next.js site with a few simple forms. This required handling forms validation and submission, but instead of picking some forms library, we went with plain JavaScript and constraint validation API in HTML5. This shaved off a few KBs of dependencies and gave us full control over the validation behavior and look. I describe this approach, with its pros and cons, in a blog post.

      See more
      Jonathan Pugh
      Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 25 upvotes · 3M views

      I needed to choose a full stack of tools for cross platform mobile application design & development. After much research and trying different tools, these are what I came up with that work for me today:

      For the client coding I chose Framework7 because of its performance, easy learning curve, and very well designed, beautiful UI widgets. I think it's perfect for solo development or small teams. I didn't like React Native. It felt heavy to me and rigid. Framework7 allows the use of #CSS3, which I think is the best technology to come out of the #WWW movement. No other tech has been able to allow designers and developers to develop such flexible, high performance, customisable user interface elements that are highly responsive and hardware accelerated before. Now #CSS3 includes variables and flexboxes it is truly a powerful language and there is no longer a need for preprocessors such as #SCSS / #Sass / #less. React Native contains a very limited interpretation of #CSS3 which I found very frustrating after using #CSS3 for some years already and knowing its powerful features. The other very nice feature of Framework7 is that you can even build for the browser if you want your app to be available for desktop web browsers. The latest release also includes the ability to build for #Electron so you can have MacOS, Windows and Linux desktop apps. This is not possible with React Native yet.

      Framework7 runs on top of Apache Cordova. Cordova and webviews have been slated as being slow in the past. Having a game developer background I found the tweeks to make it run as smooth as silk. One of those tweeks is to use WKWebView. Another important one was using srcset on images.

      I use #Template7 for the for the templating system which is a no-nonsense mobile-centric #HandleBars style extensible templating system. It's easy to write custom helpers for, is fast and has a small footprint. I'm not forced into a new paradigm or learning some new syntax. It operates with standard JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS 3. It's written by the developer of Framework7 and so dovetails with it as expected.

      I configured TypeScript to work with the latest version of Framework7. I consider TypeScript to be one of the best creations to come out of Microsoft in some time. They must have an amazing team working on it. It's very powerful and flexible. It helps you catch a lot of bugs and also provides code completion in supporting IDEs. So for my IDE I use Visual Studio Code which is a blazingly fast and silky smooth editor that integrates seamlessly with TypeScript for the ultimate type checking setup (both products are produced by Microsoft).

      I use Webpack and Babel to compile the JavaScript. TypeScript can compile to JavaScript directly but Babel offers a few more options and polyfills so you can use the latest (and even prerelease) JavaScript features today and compile to be backwards compatible with virtually any browser. My favorite recent addition is "optional chaining" which greatly simplifies and increases readability of a number of sections of my code dealing with getting and setting data in nested objects.

      I use some Ruby scripts to process images with ImageMagick and pngquant to optimise for size and even auto insert responsive image code into the HTML5. Ruby is the ultimate cross platform scripting language. Even as your scripts become large, Ruby allows you to refactor your code easily and make it Object Oriented if necessary. I find it the quickest and easiest way to maintain certain aspects of my build process.

      For the user interface design and prototyping I use Figma. Figma has an almost identical user interface to #Sketch but has the added advantage of being cross platform (MacOS and Windows). Its real-time collaboration features are outstanding and I use them a often as I work mostly on remote projects. Clients can collaborate in real-time and see changes I make as I make them. The clickable prototyping features in Figma are also very well designed and mean I can send clickable prototypes to clients to try user interface updates as they are made and get immediate feedback. I'm currently also evaluating the latest version of #AdobeXD as an alternative to Figma as it has the very cool auto-animate feature. It doesn't have real-time collaboration yet, but I heard it is proposed for 2019.

      For the UI icons I use Font Awesome Pro. They have the largest selection and best looking icons you can find on the internet with several variations in styles so you can find most of the icons you want for standard projects.

      For the backend I was using the #GraphCool Framework. As I later found out, #GraphQL still has some way to go in order to provide the full power of a mature graph query language so later in my project I ripped out #GraphCool and replaced it with CouchDB and Pouchdb. Primarily so I could provide good offline app support. CouchDB with Pouchdb is very flexible and efficient combination and overcomes some of the restrictions I found in #GraphQL and hence #GraphCool also. The most impressive and important feature of CouchDB is its replication. You can configure it in various ways for backups, fault tolerance, caching or conditional merging of databases. CouchDB and Pouchdb even supports storing, retrieving and serving binary or image data or other mime types. This removes a level of complexity usually present in database implementations where binary or image data is usually referenced through an #HTML5 link. With CouchDB and Pouchdb apps can operate offline and sync later, very efficiently, when the network connection is good.

      I use PhoneGap when testing the app. It auto-reloads your app when its code is changed and you can also install it on Android phones to preview your app instantly. iOS is a bit more tricky cause of Apple's policies so it's not available on the App Store, but you can build it and install it yourself to your device.

      So that's my latest mobile stack. What tools do you use? Have you tried these ones?

      See more
      JSON logo

      JSON

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      9
      A lightweight data-interchange format
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      9
      PROS OF JSON
      • 5
        Simple
      • 4
        Widely supported
      CONS OF JSON
        Be the first to leave a con

        related JSON posts

        Ali Soueidan
        Creative Web Developer at Ali Soueidan · | 18 upvotes · 1.2M views

        Application and Data: Since my personal website ( https://alisoueidan.com ) is a SPA I've chosen to use Vue.js, as a framework to create it. After a short skeptical phase I immediately felt in love with the single file component concept! I also used vuex for state management, which makes working with several components, which are communicating with each other even more fun and convenient to use. Of course, using Vue requires using JavaScript as well, since it is the basis of it.

        For markup and style, I used Pug and Sass, since they’re the perfect match to me. I love the clean and strict syntax of both of them and even more that their structure is almost similar. Also, both of them come with an expanded functionality such as mixins, loops and so on related to their “siblings” (HTML and CSS). Both of them require nesting and prevent untidy code, which can be a huge advantage when working in teams. I used JSON to store data (since the data quantity on my website is moderate) – JSON works also good in combo with Pug, using for loops, based on the JSON Objects for example.

        To send my contact form I used PHP, since sending emails using PHP is still relatively convenient, simple and easy done.

        DevOps: Of course, I used Git to do my version management (which I even do in smaller projects like my website just have an additional backup of my code). On top of that I used GitHub since it now supports private repository for free accounts (which I am using for my own). I use Babel to use ES6 functionality such as arrow functions and so on, and still don’t losing cross browser compatibility.

        Side note: I used npm for package management. 🎉

        *Business Tools: * I use Asana to organize my project. This is a big advantage to me, even if I work alone, since “private” projects can get interrupted for some time. By using Asana I still know (even after month of not touching a project) what I’ve done, on which task I was at last working on and what still is to do. Working in Teams (for enterprise I’d take on Jira instead) of course Asana is a Tool which I really love to use as well. All the graphics on my website are SVG which I have created with Adobe Illustrator and adjusted within the SVG code or by using JavaScript or CSS (SASS).

        See more

        I use Visual Studio Code because at this time is a mature software and I can do practically everything using it.

        • It's free and open source: The project is hosted on GitHub and it’s free to download, fork, modify and contribute to the project.

        • Multi-platform: You can download binaries for different platforms, included Windows (x64), MacOS and Linux (.rpm and .deb packages)

        • LightWeight: It runs smoothly in different devices. It has an average memory and CPU usage. Starts almost immediately and it’s very stable.

        • Extended language support: Supports by default the majority of the most used languages and syntax like JavaScript, HTML, C#, Swift, Java, PHP, Python and others. Also, VS Code supports different file types associated to projects like .ini, .properties, XML and JSON files.

        • Integrated tools: Includes an integrated terminal, debugger, problem list and console output inspector. The project navigator sidebar is simple and powerful: you can manage your files and folders with ease. The command palette helps you find commands by text. The search widget has a powerful auto-complete feature to search and find your files.

        • Extensible and configurable: There are many extensions available for every language supported, including syntax highlighters, IntelliSense and code completion, and debuggers. There are also extension to manage application configuration and architecture like Docker and Jenkins.

        • Integrated with Git: You can visually manage your project repositories, pull, commit and push your changes, and easy conflict resolution.( there is support for SVN (Subversion) users by plugin)

        See more
        JavaScript logo

        JavaScript

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        Lightweight, interpreted, object-oriented language with first-class functions
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        PROS OF JAVASCRIPT
        • 1.7K
          Can be used on frontend/backend
        • 1.5K
          It's everywhere
        • 1.2K
          Lots of great frameworks
        • 897
          Fast
        • 745
          Light weight
        • 425
          Flexible
        • 392
          You can't get a device today that doesn't run js
        • 286
          Non-blocking i/o
        • 237
          Ubiquitousness
        • 191
          Expressive
        • 55
          Extended functionality to web pages
        • 49
          Relatively easy language
        • 46
          Executed on the client side
        • 30
          Relatively fast to the end user
        • 25
          Pure Javascript
        • 21
          Functional programming
        • 15
          Async
        • 13
          Full-stack
        • 12
          Setup is easy
        • 12
          Future Language of The Web
        • 12
          Its everywhere
        • 11
          Because I love functions
        • 11
          JavaScript is the New PHP
        • 10
          Like it or not, JS is part of the web standard
        • 9
          Expansive community
        • 9
          Everyone use it
        • 9
          Can be used in backend, frontend and DB
        • 9
          Easy
        • 8
          Most Popular Language in the World
        • 8
          Powerful
        • 8
          Can be used both as frontend and backend as well
        • 8
          For the good parts
        • 8
          No need to use PHP
        • 8
          Easy to hire developers
        • 7
          Agile, packages simple to use
        • 7
          Love-hate relationship
        • 7
          Photoshop has 3 JS runtimes built in
        • 7
          Evolution of C
        • 7
          It's fun
        • 7
          Hard not to use
        • 7
          Versitile
        • 7
          Its fun and fast
        • 7
          Nice
        • 7
          Popularized Class-Less Architecture & Lambdas
        • 7
          Supports lambdas and closures
        • 6
          It let's me use Babel & Typescript
        • 6
          Can be used on frontend/backend/Mobile/create PRO Ui
        • 6
          1.6K Can be used on frontend/backend
        • 6
          Client side JS uses the visitors CPU to save Server Res
        • 6
          Easy to make something
        • 5
          Clojurescript
        • 5
          Promise relationship
        • 5
          Stockholm Syndrome
        • 5
          Function expressions are useful for callbacks
        • 5
          Scope manipulation
        • 5
          Everywhere
        • 5
          Client processing
        • 5
          What to add
        • 4
          Because it is so simple and lightweight
        • 4
          Only Programming language on browser
        • 1
          Test
        • 1
          Hard to learn
        • 1
          Test2
        • 1
          Not the best
        • 1
          Easy to understand
        • 1
          Subskill #4
        • 1
          Easy to learn
        • 0
          Hard 彤
        CONS OF JAVASCRIPT
        • 22
          A constant moving target, too much churn
        • 20
          Horribly inconsistent
        • 15
          Javascript is the New PHP
        • 9
          No ability to monitor memory utilitization
        • 8
          Shows Zero output in case of ANY error
        • 7
          Thinks strange results are better than errors
        • 6
          Can be ugly
        • 3
          No GitHub
        • 2
          Slow
        • 0
          HORRIBLE DOCUMENTS, faulty code, repo has bugs

        related JavaScript posts

        Zach Holman

        Oof. I have truly hated JavaScript for a long time. Like, for over twenty years now. Like, since the Clinton administration. It's always been a nightmare to deal with all of the aspects of that silly language.

        But wowza, things have changed. Tooling is just way, way better. I'm primarily web-oriented, and using React and Apollo together the past few years really opened my eyes to building rich apps. And I deeply apologize for using the phrase rich apps; I don't think I've ever said such Enterprisey words before.

        But yeah, things are different now. I still love Rails, and still use it for a lot of apps I build. But it's that silly rich apps phrase that's the problem. Users have way more comprehensive expectations than they did even five years ago, and the JS community does a good job at building tools and tech that tackle the problems of making heavy, complicated UI and frontend work.

        Obviously there's a lot of things happening here, so just saying "JavaScript isn't terrible" might encompass a huge amount of libraries and frameworks. But if you're like me, yeah, give things another shot- I'm somehow not hating on JavaScript anymore and... gulp... I kinda love it.

        See more
        Conor Myhrvold
        Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 44 upvotes · 11.2M views

        How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

        Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

        Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

        https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

        (GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

        Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

        See more
        Git logo

        Git

        293.6K
        175.7K
        6.6K
        Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
        293.6K
        175.7K
        + 1
        6.6K
        PROS OF GIT
        • 1.4K
          Distributed version control system
        • 1.1K
          Efficient branching and merging
        • 959
          Fast
        • 845
          Open source
        • 726
          Better than svn
        • 368
          Great command-line application
        • 306
          Simple
        • 291
          Free
        • 232
          Easy to use
        • 222
          Does not require server
        • 27
          Distributed
        • 22
          Small & Fast
        • 18
          Feature based workflow
        • 15
          Staging Area
        • 13
          Most wide-spread VSC
        • 11
          Role-based codelines
        • 11
          Disposable Experimentation
        • 7
          Frictionless Context Switching
        • 6
          Data Assurance
        • 5
          Efficient
        • 4
          Just awesome
        • 3
          Github integration
        • 3
          Easy branching and merging
        • 2
          Compatible
        • 2
          Flexible
        • 2
          Possible to lose history and commits
        • 1
          Rebase supported natively; reflog; access to plumbing
        • 1
          Light
        • 1
          Team Integration
        • 1
          Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
        • 1
          Easy
        • 1
          Flexible, easy, Safe, and fast
        • 1
          CLI is great, but the GUI tools are awesome
        • 1
          It's what you do
        • 0
          Phinx
        CONS OF GIT
        • 16
          Hard to learn
        • 11
          Inconsistent command line interface
        • 9
          Easy to lose uncommitted work
        • 7
          Worst documentation ever possibly made
        • 5
          Awful merge handling
        • 3
          Unexistent preventive security flows
        • 3
          Rebase hell
        • 2
          When --force is disabled, cannot rebase
        • 2
          Ironically even die-hard supporters screw up badly
        • 1
          Doesn't scale for big data

        related Git posts

        Simon Reymann
        Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 30 upvotes · 9.9M views

        Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

        • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
        • Respectively Git as revision control system
        • SourceTree as Git GUI
        • Visual Studio Code as IDE
        • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
        • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
        • SonarQube as quality gate
        • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
        • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
        • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
        • Heroku for deploying in test environments
        • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
        • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
        • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
        • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
        • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

        The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

        • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
        • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
        • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
        • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
        • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
        • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
        See more
        Tymoteusz Paul
        Devops guy at X20X Development LTD · | 23 upvotes · 8.9M views

        Often enough I have to explain my way of going about setting up a CI/CD pipeline with multiple deployment platforms. Since I am a bit tired of yapping the same every single time, I've decided to write it up and share with the world this way, and send people to read it instead ;). I will explain it on "live-example" of how the Rome got built, basing that current methodology exists only of readme.md and wishes of good luck (as it usually is ;)).

        It always starts with an app, whatever it may be and reading the readmes available while Vagrant and VirtualBox is installing and updating. Following that is the first hurdle to go over - convert all the instruction/scripts into Ansible playbook(s), and only stopping when doing a clear vagrant up or vagrant reload we will have a fully working environment. As our Vagrant environment is now functional, it's time to break it! This is the moment to look for how things can be done better (too rigid/too lose versioning? Sloppy environment setup?) and replace them with the right way to do stuff, one that won't bite us in the backside. This is the point, and the best opportunity, to upcycle the existing way of doing dev environment to produce a proper, production-grade product.

        I should probably digress here for a moment and explain why. I firmly believe that the way you deploy production is the same way you should deploy develop, shy of few debugging-friendly setting. This way you avoid the discrepancy between how production work vs how development works, which almost always causes major pains in the back of the neck, and with use of proper tools should mean no more work for the developers. That's why we start with Vagrant as developer boxes should be as easy as vagrant up, but the meat of our product lies in Ansible which will do meat of the work and can be applied to almost anything: AWS, bare metal, docker, LXC, in open net, behind vpn - you name it.

        We must also give proper consideration to monitoring and logging hoovering at this point. My generic answer here is to grab Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash. While for different use cases there may be better solutions, this one is well battle-tested, performs reasonably and is very easy to scale both vertically (within some limits) and horizontally. Logstash rules are easy to write and are well supported in maintenance through Ansible, which as I've mentioned earlier, are at the very core of things, and creating triggers/reports and alerts based on Elastic and Kibana is generally a breeze, including some quite complex aggregations.

        If we are happy with the state of the Ansible it's time to move on and put all those roles and playbooks to work. Namely, we need something to manage our CI/CD pipelines. For me, the choice is obvious: TeamCity. It's modern, robust and unlike most of the light-weight alternatives, it's transparent. What I mean by that is that it doesn't tell you how to do things, doesn't limit your ways to deploy, or test, or package for that matter. Instead, it provides a developer-friendly and rich playground for your pipelines. You can do most the same with Jenkins, but it has a quite dated look and feel to it, while also missing some key functionality that must be brought in via plugins (like quality REST API which comes built-in with TeamCity). It also comes with all the common-handy plugins like Slack or Apache Maven integration.

        The exact flow between CI and CD varies too greatly from one application to another to describe, so I will outline a few rules that guide me in it: 1. Make build steps as small as possible. This way when something breaks, we know exactly where, without needing to dig and root around. 2. All security credentials besides development environment must be sources from individual Vault instances. Keys to those containers should exist only on the CI/CD box and accessible by a few people (the less the better). This is pretty self-explanatory, as anything besides dev may contain sensitive data and, at times, be public-facing. Because of that appropriate security must be present. TeamCity shines in this department with excellent secrets-management. 3. Every part of the build chain shall consume and produce artifacts. If it creates nothing, it likely shouldn't be its own build. This way if any issue shows up with any environment or version, all developer has to do it is grab appropriate artifacts to reproduce the issue locally. 4. Deployment builds should be directly tied to specific Git branches/tags. This enables much easier tracking of what caused an issue, including automated identifying and tagging the author (nothing like automated regression testing!).

        Speaking of deployments, I generally try to keep it simple but also with a close eye on the wallet. Because of that, I am more than happy with AWS or another cloud provider, but also constantly peeking at the loads and do we get the value of what we are paying for. Often enough the pattern of use is not constantly erratic, but rather has a firm baseline which could be migrated away from the cloud and into bare metal boxes. That is another part where this approach strongly triumphs over the common Docker and CircleCI setup, where you are very much tied in to use cloud providers and getting out is expensive. Here to embrace bare-metal hosting all you need is a help of some container-based self-hosting software, my personal preference is with Proxmox and LXC. Following that all you must write are ansible scripts to manage hardware of Proxmox, similar way as you do for Amazon EC2 (ansible supports both greatly) and you are good to go. One does not exclude another, quite the opposite, as they can live in great synergy and cut your costs dramatically (the heavier your base load, the bigger the savings) while providing production-grade resiliency.

        See more
        GitHub logo

        GitHub

        281.6K
        245.9K
        10.3K
        Powerful collaboration, review, and code management for open source and private development projects
        281.6K
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        10.3K
        PROS OF GITHUB
        • 1.8K
          Open source friendly
        • 1.5K
          Easy source control
        • 1.3K
          Nice UI
        • 1.1K
          Great for team collaboration
        • 867
          Easy setup
        • 504
          Issue tracker
        • 486
          Great community
        • 483
          Remote team collaboration
        • 451
          Great way to share
        • 442
          Pull request and features planning
        • 147
          Just works
        • 132
          Integrated in many tools
        • 121
          Free Public Repos
        • 116
          Github Gists
        • 112
          Github pages
        • 83
          Easy to find repos
        • 62
          Open source
        • 60
          It's free
        • 60
          Easy to find projects
        • 56
          Network effect
        • 49
          Extensive API
        • 43
          Organizations
        • 42
          Branching
        • 34
          Developer Profiles
        • 32
          Git Powered Wikis
        • 30
          Great for collaboration
        • 24
          It's fun
        • 23
          Clean interface and good integrations
        • 22
          Community SDK involvement
        • 20
          Learn from others source code
        • 16
          Because: Git
        • 14
          It integrates directly with Azure
        • 10
          Standard in Open Source collab
        • 10
          Newsfeed
        • 8
          It integrates directly with Hipchat
        • 8
          Fast
        • 8
          Beautiful user experience
        • 7
          Easy to discover new code libraries
        • 6
          Smooth integration
        • 6
          Cloud SCM
        • 6
          Nice API
        • 6
          Graphs
        • 6
          Integrations
        • 6
          It's awesome
        • 5
          Quick Onboarding
        • 5
          Reliable
        • 5
          Remarkable uptime
        • 5
          CI Integration
        • 5
          Hands down best online Git service available
        • 4
          Uses GIT
        • 4
          Version Control
        • 4
          Simple but powerful
        • 4
          Unlimited Public Repos at no cost
        • 4
          Free HTML hosting
        • 4
          Security options
        • 4
          Loved by developers
        • 4
          Easy to use and collaborate with others
        • 3
          Ci
        • 3
          IAM
        • 3
          Nice to use
        • 3
          Easy deployment via SSH
        • 2
          Easy to use
        • 2
          Leads the copycats
        • 2
          All in one development service
        • 2
          Free private repos
        • 2
          Free HTML hostings
        • 2
          Easy and efficient maintainance of the projects
        • 2
          Beautiful
        • 2
          Easy source control and everything is backed up
        • 2
          IAM integration
        • 2
          Very Easy to Use
        • 2
          Good tools support
        • 2
          Issues tracker
        • 2
          Never dethroned
        • 2
          Self Hosted
        • 1
          Dasf
        • 1
          Profound
        CONS OF GITHUB
        • 54
          Owned by micrcosoft
        • 38
          Expensive for lone developers that want private repos
        • 15
          Relatively slow product/feature release cadence
        • 10
          API scoping could be better
        • 9
          Only 3 collaborators for private repos
        • 4
          Limited featureset for issue management
        • 3
          Does not have a graph for showing history like git lens
        • 2
          GitHub Packages does not support SNAPSHOT versions
        • 1
          No multilingual interface
        • 1
          Takes a long time to commit
        • 1
          Expensive

        related GitHub posts

        Johnny Bell

        I was building a personal project that I needed to store items in a real time database. I am more comfortable with my Frontend skills than my backend so I didn't want to spend time building out anything in Ruby or Go.

        I stumbled on Firebase by #Google, and it was really all I needed. It had realtime data, an area for storing file uploads and best of all for the amount of data I needed it was free!

        I built out my application using tools I was familiar with, React for the framework, Redux.js to manage my state across components, and styled-components for the styling.

        Now as this was a project I was just working on in my free time for fun I didn't really want to pay for hosting. I did some research and I found Netlify. I had actually seen them at #ReactRally the year before and deployed a Gatsby site to Netlify already.

        Netlify was very easy to setup and link to my GitHub account you select a repo and pretty much with very little configuration you have a live site that will deploy every time you push to master.

        With the selection of these tools I was able to build out my application, connect it to a realtime database, and deploy to a live environment all with $0 spent.

        If you're looking to build out a small app I suggest giving these tools a go as you can get your idea out into the real world for absolutely no cost.

        See more

        Context: I wanted to create an end to end IoT data pipeline simulation in Google Cloud IoT Core and other GCP services. I never touched Terraform meaningfully until working on this project, and it's one of the best explorations in my development career. The documentation and syntax is incredibly human-readable and friendly. I'm used to building infrastructure through the google apis via Python , but I'm so glad past Sung did not make that decision. I was tempted to use Google Cloud Deployment Manager, but the templates were a bit convoluted by first impression. I'm glad past Sung did not make this decision either.

        Solution: Leveraging Google Cloud Build Google Cloud Run Google Cloud Bigtable Google BigQuery Google Cloud Storage Google Compute Engine along with some other fun tools, I can deploy over 40 GCP resources using Terraform!

        Check Out My Architecture: CLICK ME

        Check out the GitHub repo attached

        See more
        Python logo

        Python

        241.8K
        197.1K
        6.9K
        A clear and powerful object-oriented programming language, comparable to Perl, Ruby, Scheme, or Java.
        241.8K
        197.1K
        + 1
        6.9K
        PROS OF PYTHON
        • 1.2K
          Great libraries
        • 961
          Readable code
        • 846
          Beautiful code
        • 787
          Rapid development
        • 689
          Large community
        • 435
          Open source
        • 393
          Elegant
        • 282
          Great community
        • 272
          Object oriented
        • 220
          Dynamic typing
        • 77
          Great standard library
        • 59
          Very fast
        • 55
          Functional programming
        • 49
          Easy to learn
        • 45
          Scientific computing
        • 35
          Great documentation
        • 29
          Productivity
        • 28
          Easy to read
        • 28
          Matlab alternative
        • 23
          Simple is better than complex
        • 20
          It's the way I think
        • 19
          Imperative
        • 18
          Very programmer and non-programmer friendly
        • 18
          Free
        • 17
          Machine learning support
        • 17
          Powerfull language
        • 16
          Fast and simple
        • 14
          Scripting
        • 12
          Explicit is better than implicit
        • 11
          Ease of development
        • 10
          Clear and easy and powerfull
        • 9
          Unlimited power
        • 8
          Import antigravity
        • 8
          It's lean and fun to code
        • 7
          Python has great libraries for data processing
        • 7
          Print "life is short, use python"
        • 6
          Although practicality beats purity
        • 6
          Readability counts
        • 6
          Rapid Prototyping
        • 6
          Fast coding and good for competitions
        • 6
          There should be one-- and preferably only one --obvious
        • 6
          Now is better than never
        • 6
          High Documented language
        • 6
          I love snakes
        • 6
          Flat is better than nested
        • 6
          Great for tooling
        • 5
          Lists, tuples, dictionaries
        • 5
          Great for analytics
        • 4
          Beautiful is better than ugly
        • 4
          Multiple Inheritence
        • 4
          Socially engaged community
        • 4
          CG industry needs
        • 4
          Easy to learn and use
        • 4
          Simple and easy to learn
        • 4
          Easy to setup and run smooth
        • 4
          Complex is better than complicated
        • 4
          Web scraping
        • 4
          Plotting
        • 3
          No cruft
        • 3
          It is Very easy , simple and will you be love programmi
        • 3
          Many types of collections
        • 3
          If the implementation is easy to explain, it may be a g
        • 3
          If the implementation is hard to explain, it's a bad id
        • 3
          Special cases aren't special enough to break the rules
        • 3
          Pip install everything
        • 3
          List comprehensions
        • 3
          Generators
        • 3
          Import this
        • 2
          Good for hacking
        • 2
          Flexible and easy
        • 2
          Batteries included
        • 2
          Can understand easily who are new to programming
        • 2
          Powerful language for AI
        • 2
          Should START with this but not STICK with This
        • 2
          A-to-Z
        • 2
          Because of Netflix
        • 2
          Only one way to do it
        • 2
          Better outcome
        • 1
          Automation friendly
        • 1
          Securit
        • 1
          Slow
        • 1
          Sexy af
        • 1
          Procedural programming
        • 0
          Powerful
        • 0
          Ni
        CONS OF PYTHON
        • 53
          Still divided between python 2 and python 3
        • 28
          Performance impact
        • 26
          Poor syntax for anonymous functions
        • 22
          GIL
        • 19
          Package management is a mess
        • 14
          Too imperative-oriented
        • 12
          Hard to understand
        • 12
          Dynamic typing
        • 12
          Very slow
        • 8
          Indentations matter a lot
        • 8
          Not everything is expression
        • 7
          Incredibly slow
        • 7
          Explicit self parameter in methods
        • 6
          Requires C functions for dynamic modules
        • 6
          Poor DSL capabilities
        • 6
          No anonymous functions
        • 5
          Fake object-oriented programming
        • 5
          Threading
        • 5
          The "lisp style" whitespaces
        • 5
          Official documentation is unclear.
        • 5
          Hard to obfuscate
        • 5
          Circular import
        • 4
          Lack of Syntax Sugar leads to "the pyramid of doom"
        • 4
          The benevolent-dictator-for-life quit
        • 4
          Not suitable for autocomplete
        • 2
          Meta classes
        • 1
          Training wheels (forced indentation)

        related Python posts

        Conor Myhrvold
        Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 44 upvotes · 11.2M views

        How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

        Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

        Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

        https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

        (GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

        Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

        See more
        Nick Parsons
        Building cool things on the internet 🛠️ at Stream · | 35 upvotes · 4M views

        Winds 2.0 is an open source Podcast/RSS reader developed by Stream with a core goal to enable a wide range of developers to contribute.

        We chose JavaScript because nearly every developer knows or can, at the very least, read JavaScript. With ES6 and Node.js v10.x.x, it’s become a very capable language. Async/Await is powerful and easy to use (Async/Await vs Promises). Babel allows us to experiment with next-generation JavaScript (features that are not in the official JavaScript spec yet). Yarn allows us to consistently install packages quickly (and is filled with tons of new tricks)

        We’re using JavaScript for everything – both front and backend. Most of our team is experienced with Go and Python, so Node was not an obvious choice for this app.

        Sure... there will be haters who refuse to acknowledge that there is anything remotely positive about JavaScript (there are even rants on Hacker News about Node.js); however, without writing completely in JavaScript, we would not have seen the results we did.

        #FrameworksFullStack #Languages

        See more
        jQuery logo

        jQuery

        190.7K
        67.3K
        6.6K
        The Write Less, Do More, JavaScript Library.
        190.7K
        67.3K
        + 1
        6.6K
        PROS OF JQUERY
        • 1.3K
          Cross-browser
        • 957
          Dom manipulation
        • 809
          Power
        • 660
          Open source
        • 610
          Plugins
        • 459
          Easy
        • 395
          Popular
        • 350
          Feature-rich
        • 281
          Html5
        • 227
          Light weight
        • 93
          Simple
        • 84
          Great community
        • 79
          CSS3 Compliant
        • 69
          Mobile friendly
        • 67
          Fast
        • 43
          Intuitive
        • 42
          Swiss Army knife for webdev
        • 35
          Huge Community
        • 11
          Easy to learn
        • 4
          Clean code
        • 3
          Because of Ajax request :)
        • 2
          Powerful
        • 2
          Nice
        • 2
          Just awesome
        • 2
          Used everywhere
        • 1
          Improves productivity
        • 1
          Javascript
        • 1
          Easy Setup
        • 1
          Open Source, Simple, Easy Setup
        • 1
          It Just Works
        • 1
          Industry acceptance
        • 1
          Allows great manipulation of HTML and CSS
        • 1
          Widely Used
        • 1
          I love jQuery
        CONS OF JQUERY
        • 6
          Large size
        • 5
          Sometimes inconsistent API
        • 5
          Encourages DOM as primary data source
        • 2
          Live events is overly complex feature

        related jQuery posts

        Kir Shatrov
        Engineering Lead at Shopify · | 22 upvotes · 2.1M views

        The client-side stack of Shopify Admin has been a long journey. It started with HTML templates, jQuery and Prototype. We moved to Batman.js, our in-house Single-Page-Application framework (SPA), in 2013. Then, we re-evaluated our approach and moved back to statically rendered HTML and vanilla JavaScript. As the front-end ecosystem matured, we felt that it was time to rethink our approach again. Last year, we started working on moving Shopify Admin to React and TypeScript.

        Many things have changed since the days of jQuery and Batman. JavaScript execution is much faster. We can easily render our apps on the server to do less work on the client, and the resources and tooling for developers are substantially better with React than we ever had with Batman.

        #FrameworksFullStack #Languages

        See more
        Ganesa Vijayakumar
        Full Stack Coder | Technical Lead · | 19 upvotes · 4.9M views

        I'm planning to create a web application and also a mobile application to provide a very good shopping experience to the end customers. Shortly, my application will be aggregate the product details from difference sources and giving a clear picture to the user that when and where to buy that product with best in Quality and cost.

        I have planned to develop this in many milestones for adding N number of features and I have picked my first part to complete the core part (aggregate the product details from different sources).

        As per my work experience and knowledge, I have chosen the followings stacks to this mission.

        UI: I would like to develop this application using React, React Router and React Native since I'm a little bit familiar on this and also most importantly these will help on developing both web and mobile apps. In addition, I'm gonna use the stacks JavaScript, jQuery, jQuery UI, jQuery Mobile, Bootstrap wherever required.

        Service: I have planned to use Java as the main business layer language as I have 7+ years of experience on this I believe I can do better work using Java than other languages. In addition, I'm thinking to use the stacks Node.js.

        Database and ORM: I'm gonna pick MySQL as DB and Hibernate as ORM since I have a piece of good knowledge and also work experience on this combination.

        Search Engine: I need to deal with a large amount of product data and it's in-detailed info to provide enough details to end user at the same time I need to focus on the performance area too. so I have decided to use Solr as a search engine for product search and suggestions. In addition, I'm thinking to replace Solr by Elasticsearch once explored/reviewed enough about Elasticsearch.

        Host: As of now, my plan to complete the application with decent features first and deploy it in a free hosting environment like Docker and Heroku and then once it is stable then I have planned to use the AWS products Amazon S3, EC2, Amazon RDS and Amazon Route 53. I'm not sure about Microsoft Azure that what is the specialty in it than Heroku and Amazon EC2 Container Service. Anyhow, I will do explore these once again and pick the best suite one for my requirement once I reached this level.

        Build and Repositories: I have decided to choose Apache Maven and Git as these are my favorites and also so popular on respectively build and repositories.

        Additional Utilities :) - I would like to choose Codacy for code review as their Startup plan will be very helpful to this application. I'm already experienced with Google CheckStyle and SonarQube even I'm looking something on Codacy.

        Happy Coding! Suggestions are welcome! :)

        Thanks, Ganesa

        See more