Alternatives to Git logo

Alternatives to Git

GitHub, SVN (Subversion), Bitbucket, Perforce, and Mercurial are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Git.
117.6K
93.3K
+ 1
6.6K

What is Git and what are its top alternatives?

Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
Git is a tool in the Version Control System category of a tech stack.
Git is an open source tool with 37.9K GitHub stars and 21.4K GitHub forks. Here’s a link to Git's open source repository on GitHub

Top Alternatives to Git

  • GitHub

    GitHub

    GitHub is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and complete strangers. Over three million people use GitHub to build amazing things together. ...

  • SVN (Subversion)

    SVN (Subversion)

    Subversion exists to be universally recognized and adopted as an open-source, centralized version control system characterized by its reliability as a safe haven for valuable data; the simplicity of its model and usage; and its ability to support the needs of a wide variety of users and projects, from individuals to large-scale enterprise operations. ...

  • Bitbucket

    Bitbucket

    Bitbucket gives teams one place to plan projects, collaborate on code, test and deploy, all with free private Git repositories. Teams choose Bitbucket because it has a superior Jira integration, built-in CI/CD, & is free for up to 5 users. ...

  • Perforce

    Perforce

    Visibility, access control, workflow and code management for Git environments. Flexibility of collaborating on the same codebase and code reviews using any combination of Perforce and Git workflows and tools without compromise. ...

  • Mercurial

    Mercurial

    Mercurial is dedicated to speed and efficiency with a sane user interface. It is written in Python. Mercurial's implementation and data structures are designed to be fast. You can generate diffs between revisions, or jump back in time within seconds. ...

  • GitLab

    GitLab

    GitLab offers git repository management, code reviews, issue tracking, activity feeds and wikis. Enterprises install GitLab on-premise and connect it with LDAP and Active Directory servers for secure authentication and authorization. A single GitLab server can handle more than 25,000 users but it is also possible to create a high availability setup with multiple active servers. ...

  • C

    C

  • Git Flow

    Git Flow

    It provides excellent command line help and output. It is a merge based solution. It doesn't rebase feature branches. ...

Git alternatives & related posts

GitHub logo

GitHub

161.5K
128.8K
10.2K
Powerful collaboration, review, and code management for open source and private development projects
161.5K
128.8K
+ 1
10.2K
PROS OF GITHUB
  • 1.8K
    Open source friendly
  • 1.5K
    Easy source control
  • 1.2K
    Nice UI
  • 1.1K
    Great for team collaboration
  • 857
    Easy setup
  • 496
    Issue tracker
  • 478
    Great community
  • 475
    Remote team collaboration
  • 444
    Great way to share
  • 436
    Pull request and features planning
  • 139
    Just works
  • 125
    Integrated in many tools
  • 112
    Free Public Repos
  • 106
    Github Gists
  • 103
    Github pages
  • 81
    Easy to find repos
  • 60
    Open source
  • 58
    Easy to find projects
  • 56
    Network effect
  • 55
    It's free
  • 47
    Extensive API
  • 42
    Organizations
  • 41
    Branching
  • 33
    Developer Profiles
  • 32
    Git Powered Wikis
  • 29
    Great for collaboration
  • 23
    It's fun
  • 22
    Community SDK involvement
  • 21
    Clean interface and good integrations
  • 19
    Learn from others source code
  • 14
    It integrates directly with Azure
  • 14
    Because: Git
  • 13
    Wide acceptance
  • 10
    Large community
  • 9
    Newsfeed
  • 9
    Standard in Open Source collab
  • 8
    It integrates directly with Hipchat
  • 7
    Beautiful user experience
  • 7
    Fast
  • 6
    Cloud SCM
  • 6
    Easy to discover new code libraries
  • 5
    Integrations
  • 5
    Nice API
  • 5
    Graphs
  • 5
    Smooth integration
  • 5
    It's awesome
  • 4
    Remarkable uptime
  • 4
    Hands down best online Git service available
  • 4
    Reliable
  • 3
    Free HTML hosting
  • 3
    CI Integration
  • 3
    Loved by developers
  • 3
    Quick Onboarding
  • 3
    Security options
  • 3
    Simple but powerful
  • 3
    Uses GIT
  • 3
    Unlimited Public Repos at no cost
  • 3
    Version Control
  • 3
    Easy to use and collaborate with others
  • 2
    Nice to use
  • 1
    Easy deployment via SSH
  • 1
    Beautiful
  • 1
    Owned by micrcosoft
  • 1
    Free HTML hostings
  • 1
    Self Hosted
  • 1
    All in one development service
  • 1
    Good tools support
  • 1
    Easy to use
  • 1
    Easy source control and everything is backed up
  • 1
    Leads the copycats
  • 1
    Never dethroned
  • 1
    Easy and efficient maintainance of the projects
  • 1
    Ci
  • 1
    Free private repos
  • 1
    IAM
  • 1
    IAM integration
  • 1
    Issues tracker
  • 0
    Profound
  • 0
    1
CONS OF GITHUB
  • 44
    Owned by micrcosoft
  • 36
    Expensive for lone developers that want private repos
  • 15
    Relatively slow product/feature release cadence
  • 10
    API scoping could be better
  • 8
    Only 3 collaborators for private repos
  • 3
    Limited featureset for issue management
  • 2
    GitHub Packages does not support SNAPSHOT versions
  • 1
    Have to use a token for the package registry
  • 1
    No multilingual interface
  • 1
    Takes a long time to commit

related GitHub posts

Johnny Bell
Software Engineer at Weedmaps · | 77 upvotes · 1.1M views

I was building a personal project that I needed to store items in a real time database. I am more comfortable with my Frontend skills than my backend so I didn't want to spend time building out anything in Ruby or Go.

I stumbled on Firebase by #Google, and it was really all I needed. It had realtime data, an area for storing file uploads and best of all for the amount of data I needed it was free!

I built out my application using tools I was familiar with, React for the framework, Redux.js to manage my state across components, and styled-components for the styling.

Now as this was a project I was just working on in my free time for fun I didn't really want to pay for hosting. I did some research and I found Netlify. I had actually seen them at #ReactRally the year before and deployed a Gatsby site to Netlify already.

Netlify was very easy to setup and link to my GitHub account you select a repo and pretty much with very little configuration you have a live site that will deploy every time you push to master.

With the selection of these tools I was able to build out my application, connect it to a realtime database, and deploy to a live environment all with $0 spent.

If you're looking to build out a small app I suggest giving these tools a go as you can get your idea out into the real world for absolutely no cost.

See more
Simon Reymann
Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 28 upvotes · 2.5M views

Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

  • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
  • Respectively Git as revision control system
  • SourceTree as Git GUI
  • Visual Studio Code as IDE
  • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
  • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
  • SonarQube as quality gate
  • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
  • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
  • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
  • Heroku for deploying in test environments
  • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
  • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
  • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
  • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
  • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

  • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
  • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
  • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
  • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
  • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
  • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
See more
SVN (Subversion) logo

SVN (Subversion)

699
519
41
Enterprise-class centralized version control for the masses
699
519
+ 1
41
PROS OF SVN (SUBVERSION)
  • 19
    Easy to use
  • 13
    Simple code versioning
  • 4
    User/Access Management
  • 3
    Complicated code versionioning by Subversion
  • 2
    Free
CONS OF SVN (SUBVERSION)
  • 5
    Branching and tagging use tons of disk space

related SVN (Subversion) posts

I use Visual Studio Code because at this time is a mature software and I can do practically everything using it.

  • It's free and open source: The project is hosted on GitHub and it’s free to download, fork, modify and contribute to the project.

  • Multi-platform: You can download binaries for different platforms, included Windows (x64), MacOS and Linux (.rpm and .deb packages)

  • LightWeight: It runs smoothly in different devices. It has an average memory and CPU usage. Starts almost immediately and it’s very stable.

  • Extended language support: Supports by default the majority of the most used languages and syntax like JavaScript, HTML, C#, Swift, Java, PHP, Python and others. Also, VS Code supports different file types associated to projects like .ini, .properties, XML and JSON files.

  • Integrated tools: Includes an integrated terminal, debugger, problem list and console output inspector. The project navigator sidebar is simple and powerful: you can manage your files and folders with ease. The command palette helps you find commands by text. The search widget has a powerful auto-complete feature to search and find your files.

  • Extensible and configurable: There are many extensions available for every language supported, including syntax highlighters, IntelliSense and code completion, and debuggers. There are also extension to manage application configuration and architecture like Docker and Jenkins.

  • Integrated with Git: You can visually manage your project repositories, pull, commit and push your changes, and easy conflict resolution.( there is support for SVN (Subversion) users by plugin)

See more
rishig
Head of Product at Zulip · | 8 upvotes · 89.6K views
Shared insights
on
Git
SVN (Subversion)
at

I use Git instead of SVN (Subversion) because it allows us to scale our development team. At any given time, the Zulip open source project has hundreds of open pull requests from tens of contributors, each in various stages of the pipeline. Git's workflow makes it very easy to context switch between different feature branches.

See more
Bitbucket logo

Bitbucket

28.9K
22.2K
2.8K
One place to plan projects, collaborate on code, test and deploy, all with free private repositories
28.9K
22.2K
+ 1
2.8K
PROS OF BITBUCKET
  • 904
    Free private repos
  • 397
    Simple setup
  • 345
    Nice ui and tools
  • 340
    Unlimited private repositories
  • 239
    Affordable git hosting
  • 122
    Integrates with many apis and services
  • 118
    Reliable uptime
  • 85
    Nice gui
  • 83
    Pull requests and code reviews
  • 57
    Very customisable
  • 15
    Mercurial repositories
  • 13
    SourceTree integration
  • 10
    JIRA integration
  • 9
    Track every commit to an issue in JIRA
  • 7
    Best free alternative to Github
  • 7
    Automatically share repositories with all your teammates
  • 7
    Deployment hooks
  • 6
    Compatible with Mac and Windows
  • 5
    Source Code Insight
  • 4
    Price
  • 4
    Login with Google
  • 4
    Create a wiki
  • 4
    Approve pull request button
  • 3
    #2 Atlassian Product after JIRA
  • 3
    Customizable pipelines
  • 2
    Also supports Mercurial
  • 2
    Unlimited Private Repos at no cost
  • 2
    Continuous Integration and Delivery
  • 1
    Mercurial Support
  • 1
    IAM
  • 1
    Issues tracker
  • 1
    Open source friendly
  • 1
    Teamcity
  • 1
    Multilingual interface
  • 1
    Academic license program
  • 1
    IAM integration
  • 0
    Free Private Repositories
CONS OF BITBUCKET
  • 19
    Not much community activity
  • 17
    Difficult to review prs because of confusing ui
  • 14
    Quite buggy
  • 10
    Managed by enterprise Java company
  • 8
    CI tool is not free of charge
  • 7
    Complexity with rights management
  • 6
    Only 5 collaborators for private repos
  • 4
    Slow performance
  • 2
    No AWS Codepipelines integration
  • 1
    No more Mercurial repositories
  • 1
    No server side git-hook support

related Bitbucket posts

Michael Kelly
Senior Software Engineer at StackShare · | 14 upvotes · 577.3K views

I use GitLab when building side-projects and MVPs. The interface and interactions are close enough to those of GitHub to prevent cognitive switching costs between professional and personal projects hosted on different services.

GitLab also provides a suite of tools including issue/project management, CI/CD with GitLab CI, and validation/landing pages with GitLab Pages. With everything in one place, on an #OpenSourceCloud GitLab makes it easy for me to manage much larger projects on my own, than would be possible with other solutions or tools.

It's petty I know, but I can also read the GitLab code diffs far more easily than diffs on GitHub or Bitbucket...they just look better in my opinion.

See more
Shared insights
on
GitHub
GitLab
Bitbucket

A bit difference in GitHub and GitLab though both are Version Control repository management services which provides key component in the software development workflow. A decision of choosing GitHub over GitLab is major leap extension from code management, to deployment and monitoring alongside looking beyond the code base hosting provided best fitted tools for developer communities.

  • Authentication stages - With GitLab you can set and modify people’s permissions according to their role. In GitHub, you can decide if someone gets a read or write access to a repository.
  • Built-In Continuous Integrations - GitLab offers its very own CI for free. No need to use an external CI service. And if you are already used to an external CI, you can obviously integrate with Jenkins, etc whereas GitHub offers various 3rd party integrations – such as Travis CI, CircleCI or Codeship – for running and testing your code. However, there’s no built-in CI solution at the moment.
  • Import/Export Resources - GitLab offers detailed documentation on how to import your data from other vendors – such as GitHub, Bitbucket to GitLab. GitHub, on the other hand, does not offer such detailed documentation for the most common git repositories. However, GitHub offers to use GitHub Importer if you have your source code in Subversion, Mercurial, TFS and others.

Also when it comes to exporting data, GitLab seems to do a pretty solid job, offering you the ability to export your projects including the following data:

  • Wiki and project repositories
  • Project uploads
  • The configuration including webhooks and services
  • Issues with comments, merge requests with diffs and comments, labels, milestones, snippets, and other project entities.

GitHub, on the other hand, seems to be more restrictive when it comes to export features of existing GitHub repositories. * Integrations - #githubmarketplace gives you an essence to have multiple and competitive integrations whereas you will find less in the GitLab.

So go ahead with better understanding.

See more
Perforce logo

Perforce

60
79
8
Version Control Software
60
79
+ 1
8
PROS OF PERFORCE
  • 3
    Great for Enterprise level use
  • 2
    Powerful
  • 2
    Robust
  • 1
    Scalable
CONS OF PERFORCE
    Be the first to leave a con

    related Perforce posts

    Mercurial logo

    Mercurial

    200
    172
    106
    A free, distributed source control management tool
    200
    172
    + 1
    106
    PROS OF MERCURIAL
    • 19
      A lot easier to extend than git
    • 17
      Easy-to-grasp system with nice tools
    • 13
      Works on windows natively without cygwin nonsense
    • 11
      Written in python
    • 9
      Free
    • 8
      Fast
    • 6
      Better than Git
    • 6
      Best GUI
    • 4
      Better than svn
    • 2
      Hg inc
    • 2
      Good user experience
    • 2
      TortoiseHg - Unified free gui for all platforms
    • 2
      Consistent UI
    • 2
      Easy-to-use
    • 2
      Native support to all platforms
    • 1
      Free to use
    CONS OF MERCURIAL
    • 0
      Track single upstream only
    • 0
      Does not distinguish between local and remote head

    related Mercurial posts

    Tim Abbott
    Shared insights
    on
    Git
    Mercurial
    at

    I've been excited about Git ever since it got a built-in UI. It's the perfect combination of a really solid, simple data model, which allows an experienced user to predict precisely what a Git subcommand will do, often without needing to read the documentation (see the slides linked from the attached article for details). Most important to me as the lead developer of a large open source project (Zulip) is that it makes it possible to build a really clean, clear development history that I regularly use to understand details of our code history that are critical to making correct changes.

    And it performs really, really well. In 2014, I managed Dropbox's migration from Mercurial to Git. And just switching tools made just about every common operation (git status, git log, git commit etc.) 2-10x faster than with Mercurial. It makes sense if you think about it, since Git was designed to perform well with Linux, one of the largest open source projects out there, but it was still a huge productivity increase that we got basically for free.

    If you're learning Git, I highly recommend reading the other sections of Zulip's Git Guide; we get a lot of positive feedback from developers on it being a useful resource even for their projects unrelated to Zulip.

    See more
    GitLab logo

    GitLab

    36.7K
    29.4K
    2.3K
    Open source self-hosted Git management software
    36.7K
    29.4K
    + 1
    2.3K
    PROS OF GITLAB
    • 487
      Self hosted
    • 416
      Free
    • 331
      Has community edition
    • 234
      Easy setup
    • 234
      Familiar interface
    • 129
      Includes many features, including ci
    • 105
      Nice UI
    • 79
      Good integration with gitlabci
    • 52
      Simple setup
    • 32
      Has an official mobile app
    • 30
      Free private repository
    • 24
      Continuous Integration
    • 16
      Open source, great ui (like github)
    • 14
      Slack Integration
    • 9
      Full CI flow
    • 8
      Free and unlimited private git repos
    • 8
      User, group, and project access management is simple
    • 7
      Intuitive UI
    • 7
      All in one (Git, CI, Agile..)
    • 6
      Built-in CI
    • 4
      Both public and private Repositories
    • 3
      Mattermost Chat client
    • 3
      Integrated Docker Registry
    • 2
      It's fully integrated
    • 2
      Unlimited free repos & collaborators
    • 2
      I like the its runners and executors feature
    • 2
      CI
    • 2
      So easy to use
    • 2
      One-click install through DigitalOcean
    • 2
      It's powerful source code management tool
    • 2
      Excellent
    • 2
      Build/pipeline definition alongside code
    • 2
      Security and Stable
    • 2
      Issue system
    • 2
      Free private repos
    • 2
      Low maintenance cost due omnibus-deployment
    • 2
      On-premises
    • 1
      Powerful Continuous Integration System
    • 1
      Powerful software planning and maintaining tools
    • 1
      Groups of groups
    • 1
      Kubernetes integration with GitLab CI
    • 1
      Review Apps feature
    • 1
      Built-in Docker Registry
    • 1
      Dockerized
    • 1
      Beautiful
    • 1
      Wounderful
    • 1
      Opensource
    • 1
      Because is the best remote host for git repositories
    • 1
      Not Microsoft Owned
    • 1
      Full DevOps suite with Git
    • 1
      Many private repo
    • 1
      Native CI
    • 1
      HipChat intergration
    • 1
      Kubernetes Integration
    • 1
      Published IP list for whitelisting (gl-infra#434)
    • 1
      Great for team collaboration
    • 1
      It includes everything I need, all packaged with docker
    • 1
      Multilingual interface
    • 1
      The dashboard with deployed environments
    • 0
      Supports Radius/Ldap & Browser Code Edits
    CONS OF GITLAB
    • 25
      Slow ui performance
    • 6
      Introduce breaking bugs every release
    • 5
      Insecure (no published IP list for whitelisting)
    • 0
      Built-in Docker Registry
    • 0
      Review Apps feature

    related GitLab posts

    Tim Abbott
    Shared insights
    on
    GitHub
    GitLab
    at

    I have mixed feelings on GitHub as a product and our use of it for the Zulip open source project. On the one hand, I do feel that being on GitHub helps people discover Zulip, because we have enough stars (etc.) that we rank highly among projects on the platform. and there is a definite benefit for lowering barriers to contribution (which is important to us) that GitHub has such a dominant position in terms of what everyone has accounts with.

    But even ignoring how one might feel about their new corporate owner (MicroSoft), in a lot of ways GitHub is a bad product for open source projects. Years after the "Dear GitHub" letter, there are still basic gaps in its issue tracker:

    • You can't give someone permission to label/categorize issues without full write access to a project (including ability to merge things to master, post releases, etc.).
    • You can't let anyone with a GitHub account self-assign issues to themselves.
    • Many more similar issues.

    It's embarrassing, because I've talked to GitHub product managers at various open source events about these things for 3 years, and they always agree the thing is important, but then nothing ever improves in the Issues product. Maybe the new management at MicroSoft will fix their product management situation, but if not, I imagine we'll eventually do the migration to GitLab.

    We have a custom bot project, http://github.com/zulip/zulipbot, to deal with some of these issues where possible, and every other large project we talk to does the same thing, more or less.

    See more
    Joshua Dean Küpper
    CEO at Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) · | 17 upvotes · 208K views

    We use GitLab CI because of the great native integration as a part of the GitLab framework and the linting-capabilities it offers. The visualization of complex pipelines and the embedding within the project overview made Gitlab CI even more convenient. We use it for all projects, all deployments and as a part of GitLab Pages.

    While we initially used the Shell-executor, we quickly switched to the Docker-executor and use it exclusively now.

    We formerly used Jenkins but preferred to handle everything within GitLab . Aside from the unification of our infrastructure another motivation was the "configuration-in-file"-approach, that Gitlab CI offered, while Jenkins support of this concept was very limited and users had to resort to using the webinterface. Since the file is included within the repository, it is also version controlled, which was a huge plus for us.

    See more
    C logo

    C

    5.2K
    3.5K
    230
    One of the most widely used programming languages of all time
    5.2K
    3.5K
    + 1
    230
    PROS OF C
    • 64
      Performance
    • 45
      Low-level
    • 33
      Portability
    • 28
      Hardware level
    • 18
      Embedded apps
    • 12
      Pure
    • 9
      Performance of assembler
    • 7
      Ubiquity
    • 4
      Great for embedded
    • 4
      Old
    • 2
      OpenMP
    • 2
      No garbage collection to slow it down
    • 2
      Compiles quickly
    CONS OF C
    • 5
      Low-level
    • 3
      No built in support for concurrency
    • 2
      Lack of type safety
    • 2
      No built in support for parallelism (e.g. map-reduce)

    related C posts

    Shared insights
    on
    Go
    C
    Python
    Rust
    at

    One important decision for delivering a platform independent solution with low memory footprint and minimal dependencies was the choice of the programming language. We considered a few from Python (there was already a reasonably large Python code base at Thumbtack), to Go (we were taking our first steps with it), and even Rust (too immature at the time).

    We ended up writing it in C. It was easy to meet all requirements with only one external dependency for implementing the web server, clearly no challenges running it on any of the Linux distributions we were maintaining, and arguably the implementation with the smallest memory footprint given the choices above.

    See more
    Conor Myhrvold
    Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 13 upvotes · 1M views

    Why Uber developed H3, our open source grid system to make geospatial data visualization and exploration easier and more efficient:

    We decided to create H3 to combine the benefits of a hexagonal global grid system with a hierarchical indexing system. A global grid system usually requires at least two things: a map projection and a grid laid on top of the map. For map projection, we chose to use gnomonic projections centered on icosahedron faces. This projects from Earth as a sphere to an icosahedron, a twenty-sided platonic solid. The H3 grid is constructed by laying out 122 base cells over the Earth, with ten cells per face. H3 supports sixteen resolutions: https://eng.uber.com/h3/

    (GitHub Pages : https://uber.github.io/h3/#/ Written in C w/ bindings in Java & JavaScript )

    See more
    Git Flow logo

    Git Flow

    80
    54
    0
    A set of git extensions to provide high-level repository operations
    80
    54
    + 1
    0
    PROS OF GIT FLOW
      Be the first to leave a pro
      CONS OF GIT FLOW
        Be the first to leave a con

        related Git Flow posts