Alternatives to CodePush logo

Alternatives to CodePush

Bitbucket, Expo, fastlane, AppHub, and Firebase are the most popular alternatives and competitors to CodePush.
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What is CodePush and what are its top alternatives?

CodePush is a cloud service that enables Cordova and React Native developers to deploy mobile app updates directly to their users’ devices. It works by acting as a central repository that developers can publish certain updates to (e.g. JS, HTML, CSS and image changes), and that apps can query for updates from (using our provided client SDKs).
CodePush is a tool in the Cross-Platform Mobile Tools category of a tech stack.
CodePush is an open source tool with 4.3K GitHub stars and 474 GitHub forks. Here’s a link to CodePush's open source repository on GitHub

Top Alternatives to CodePush

  • Bitbucket
    Bitbucket

    Bitbucket gives teams one place to plan projects, collaborate on code, test and deploy, all with free private Git repositories. Teams choose Bitbucket because it has a superior Jira integration, built-in CI/CD, & is free for up to 5 users. ...

  • Expo
    Expo

    It is a framework and a platform for universal React applications. It is a set of tools and services built around React Native and native platforms that help you develop, build, deploy, and quickly iterate on iOS, Android, and web apps. ...

  • fastlane
    fastlane

    fastlane lets you define and run your deployment pipelines for different environments. It helps you unify your app’s release process and automate the whole process. fastlane connects all fastlane tools and third party tools, like CocoaPods. ...

  • AppHub
    AppHub

    Designed to give app developers a new way of deploying and updating apps, AppHub allows users to change their app on the fly. Deploys across iOS, Android, desktop and web. ...

  • Firebase
    Firebase

    Firebase is a cloud service designed to power real-time, collaborative applications. Simply add the Firebase library to your application to gain access to a shared data structure; any changes you make to that data are automatically synchronized with the Firebase cloud and with other clients within milliseconds. ...

  • JavaScript
    JavaScript

    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles. ...

  • Git
    Git

    Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. ...

  • GitHub
    GitHub

    GitHub is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and complete strangers. Over three million people use GitHub to build amazing things together. ...

CodePush alternatives & related posts

Bitbucket logo

Bitbucket

40.1K
32.4K
2.8K
One place to plan projects, collaborate on code, test and deploy, all with free private repositories
40.1K
32.4K
+ 1
2.8K
PROS OF BITBUCKET
  • 904
    Free private repos
  • 397
    Simple setup
  • 348
    Nice ui and tools
  • 341
    Unlimited private repositories
  • 240
    Affordable git hosting
  • 123
    Integrates with many apis and services
  • 119
    Reliable uptime
  • 87
    Nice gui
  • 85
    Pull requests and code reviews
  • 58
    Very customisable
  • 16
    Mercurial repositories
  • 14
    SourceTree integration
  • 12
    JIRA integration
  • 10
    Track every commit to an issue in JIRA
  • 8
    Deployment hooks
  • 8
    Best free alternative to Github
  • 7
    Automatically share repositories with all your teammates
  • 7
    Compatible with Mac and Windows
  • 6
    Source Code Insight
  • 6
    Price
  • 5
    Login with Google
  • 5
    Create a wiki
  • 5
    Approve pull request button
  • 4
    Customizable pipelines
  • 4
    #2 Atlassian Product after JIRA
  • 3
    Also supports Mercurial
  • 3
    Unlimited Private Repos at no cost
  • 3
    Continuous Integration and Delivery
  • 2
    Academic license program
  • 2
    Multilingual interface
  • 2
    Teamcity
  • 2
    Open source friendly
  • 2
    Issues tracker
  • 2
    IAM
  • 2
    IAM integration
  • 2
    Mercurial Support
CONS OF BITBUCKET
  • 19
    Not much community activity
  • 17
    Difficult to review prs because of confusing ui
  • 15
    Quite buggy
  • 10
    Managed by enterprise Java company
  • 8
    CI tool is not free of charge
  • 7
    Complexity with rights management
  • 6
    Only 5 collaborators for private repos
  • 4
    Slow performance
  • 2
    No AWS Codepipelines integration
  • 1
    No more Mercurial repositories
  • 1
    No server side git-hook support

related Bitbucket posts

Michael Kelly
Senior Software Engineer at StackShare · | 14 upvotes · 949K views

I use GitLab when building side-projects and MVPs. The interface and interactions are close enough to those of GitHub to prevent cognitive switching costs between professional and personal projects hosted on different services.

GitLab also provides a suite of tools including issue/project management, CI/CD with GitLab CI, and validation/landing pages with GitLab Pages. With everything in one place, on an #OpenSourceCloud GitLab makes it easy for me to manage much larger projects on my own, than would be possible with other solutions or tools.

It's petty I know, but I can also read the GitLab code diffs far more easily than diffs on GitHub or Bitbucket...they just look better in my opinion.

See more
Shared insights
on
GitHubGitHubGitLabGitLabBitbucketBitbucket

A bit difference in GitHub and GitLab though both are Version Control repository management services which provides key component in the software development workflow. A decision of choosing GitHub over GitLab is major leap extension from code management, to deployment and monitoring alongside looking beyond the code base hosting provided best fitted tools for developer communities.

  • Authentication stages - With GitLab you can set and modify people’s permissions according to their role. In GitHub, you can decide if someone gets a read or write access to a repository.
  • Built-In Continuous Integrations - GitLab offers its very own CI for free. No need to use an external CI service. And if you are already used to an external CI, you can obviously integrate with Jenkins, etc whereas GitHub offers various 3rd party integrations – such as Travis CI, CircleCI or Codeship – for running and testing your code. However, there’s no built-in CI solution at the moment.
  • Import/Export Resources - GitLab offers detailed documentation on how to import your data from other vendors – such as GitHub, Bitbucket to GitLab. GitHub, on the other hand, does not offer such detailed documentation for the most common git repositories. However, GitHub offers to use GitHub Importer if you have your source code in Subversion, Mercurial, TFS and others.

Also when it comes to exporting data, GitLab seems to do a pretty solid job, offering you the ability to export your projects including the following data:

  • Wiki and project repositories
  • Project uploads
  • The configuration including webhooks and services
  • Issues with comments, merge requests with diffs and comments, labels, milestones, snippets, and other project entities.

GitHub, on the other hand, seems to be more restrictive when it comes to export features of existing GitHub repositories. * Integrations - #githubmarketplace gives you an essence to have multiple and competitive integrations whereas you will find less in the GitLab.

So go ahead with better understanding.

See more
Expo logo

Expo

683
670
66
Build one project that runs natively on all your users' devices
683
670
+ 1
66
PROS OF EXPO
  • 15
    Free
  • 13
    Hot Reload
  • 9
    Easy to learn
  • 9
    Common ios and android app setup
  • 6
    Open Source
  • 6
    Streamlined
  • 5
    Builds into a React Native app
  • 2
    PWA supported
  • 1
    Plugins for web use with Next.js
CONS OF EXPO
    Be the first to leave a con

    related Expo posts

    Vishal Narkhede
    Javascript Developer at getStream.io · | 19 upvotes · 439.6K views

    Recently, the team at Stream published a React Native SDK for our new Chat by Stream product. React Native brings the power of JavaScript to the world of mobile development, making it easy to develop apps for multiple platforms. We decided to publish two different endpoints for the SDK – Expo and React Native (non-expo), to avoid the hurdle and setup of using the Expo library in React Native only projects on the consumer side.

    The capability of style customization is one a large deal breaker for frontend SDKs. To solve this, we decided to use styled-components in our SDK, which makes it easy to add support for themes on top of our existing components. This practice reduces the maintenance effort for stylings of custom components and keeps the overall codebase clean.

    For module bundling, we decided to go with Rollup.js instead of Webpack due to its simplicity and performance in the area of library/module providers. We are using Babel for transpiling code, enabling our team to use JavaScript's next-generation features. Additionally, we are using the React Styleguidist component documentation, which makes documenting the React Native code a breeze.

    See more
    Sezgi Ulucam
    Developer Advocate at Hasura · | 7 upvotes · 939.9K views

    I've recently switched to using Expo for initializing and developing my React Native apps. Compared to React Native CLI, it's so much easier to get set up and going. Setting up and maintaining Android Studio, Android SDK, and virtual devices used to be such a headache. Thanks to Expo, I can now test my apps directly on my Android phone, just by installing the Expo app. I still use Xcode Simulator for iOS testing, since I don't have an iPhone, but that's easy anyway. The big win for me with Expo is ease of Android testing.

    The Expo SDK also provides convenient features like Facebook login, MapView, push notifications, and many others. https://docs.expo.io/versions/v31.0.0/sdk/

    See more
    fastlane logo

    fastlane

    644
    433
    74
    Connect all iOS deployment tools into one streamlined workflow
    644
    433
    + 1
    74
    PROS OF FASTLANE
    • 20
      Easy to use
    • 13
      Open Source
    • 13
      Itunes connect deployment
    • 11
      Incredible flexability
    • 9
      Third party integrations
    • 3
      Provisioning profile management
    • 3
      Certificate management
    • 1
      All in one iOS DevOps
    • 1
      Can be used for Android as well
    • 0
      Integrate anything with fastlane
    CONS OF FASTLANE
      Be the first to leave a con

      related fastlane posts

      Hi, I am doing automation for mobile app (iOS & Android). Currently, I am using Apache Maven build tool. Can someone tell me which out of these 3 tools is the best? (fastlane, Gradle, Maven). Apart from that, we are using CircleCI.

      See more

      Dear Community!

      I am researching for Mobile Application Management platform for managing android and ios release management in Fintech space. I see following options are good:

      Please suggest if you have better option.

      See more
      AppHub logo

      AppHub

      5
      67
      0
      Use git push to instantly update React Native apps in production
      5
      67
      + 1
      0
      PROS OF APPHUB
        Be the first to leave a pro
        CONS OF APPHUB
          Be the first to leave a con

          related AppHub posts

          Firebase logo

          Firebase

          40.3K
          34.6K
          2K
          The Realtime App Platform
          40.3K
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          PROS OF FIREBASE
          • 371
            Realtime backend made easy
          • 270
            Fast and responsive
          • 242
            Easy setup
          • 215
            Real-time
          • 191
            JSON
          • 134
            Free
          • 128
            Backed by google
          • 83
            Angular adaptor
          • 68
            Reliable
          • 36
            Great customer support
          • 32
            Great documentation
          • 25
            Real-time synchronization
          • 21
            Mobile friendly
          • 18
            Rapid prototyping
          • 14
            Great security
          • 12
            Automatic scaling
          • 11
            Freakingly awesome
          • 8
            Chat
          • 8
            Angularfire is an amazing addition!
          • 8
            Super fast development
          • 6
            Built in user auth/oauth
          • 6
            Firebase hosting
          • 6
            Ios adaptor
          • 6
            Awesome next-gen backend
          • 4
            Speed of light
          • 4
            Very easy to use
          • 3
            Great
          • 3
            It's made development super fast
          • 3
            Brilliant for startups
          • 2
            Free hosting
          • 2
            Cloud functions
          • 2
            JS Offline and Sync suport
          • 2
            Low battery consumption
          • 2
            .net
          • 2
            The concurrent updates create a great experience
          • 2
            Push notification
          • 2
            I can quickly create static web apps with no backend
          • 2
            Great all-round functionality
          • 2
            Free authentication solution
          • 1
            Easy Reactjs integration
          • 1
            Google's support
          • 1
            Free SSL
          • 1
            CDN & cache out of the box
          • 1
            Easy to use
          • 1
            Large
          • 1
            Faster workflow
          • 1
            Serverless
          • 1
            Good Free Limits
          • 1
            Simple and easy
          CONS OF FIREBASE
          • 31
            Can become expensive
          • 16
            No open source, you depend on external company
          • 15
            Scalability is not infinite
          • 9
            Not Flexible Enough
          • 7
            Cant filter queries
          • 3
            Very unstable server
          • 3
            No Relational Data
          • 2
            Too many errors
          • 2
            No offline sync

          related Firebase posts

          Johnny Bell

          I was building a personal project that I needed to store items in a real time database. I am more comfortable with my Frontend skills than my backend so I didn't want to spend time building out anything in Ruby or Go.

          I stumbled on Firebase by #Google, and it was really all I needed. It had realtime data, an area for storing file uploads and best of all for the amount of data I needed it was free!

          I built out my application using tools I was familiar with, React for the framework, Redux.js to manage my state across components, and styled-components for the styling.

          Now as this was a project I was just working on in my free time for fun I didn't really want to pay for hosting. I did some research and I found Netlify. I had actually seen them at #ReactRally the year before and deployed a Gatsby site to Netlify already.

          Netlify was very easy to setup and link to my GitHub account you select a repo and pretty much with very little configuration you have a live site that will deploy every time you push to master.

          With the selection of these tools I was able to build out my application, connect it to a realtime database, and deploy to a live environment all with $0 spent.

          If you're looking to build out a small app I suggest giving these tools a go as you can get your idea out into the real world for absolutely no cost.

          See more
          Collins Ogbuzuru
          Front-end dev at Evolve credit · | 19 upvotes · 17.4K views

          Your tech stack is solid for building a real-time messaging project.

          React and React Native are excellent choices for the frontend, especially if you want to have both web and mobile versions of your application share code.

          ExpressJS is an unopinionated framework that affords you the flexibility to use it's features at your term, which is a good start. However, I would recommend you explore Sails.js as well. Sails.js is built on top of Express.js and it provides additional features out of the box, especially the Websocket integration that your project requires.

          Don't forget to set up Graphql codegen, this would improve your dev experience (Add Typescript, if you can too).

          I don't know much about databases but you might want to consider using NO-SQL. I used Firebase real-time db and aws dynamo db on a few of my personal projects and I love they're easy to work with and offer more flexibility for a chat application.

          See more
          JavaScript logo

          JavaScript

          352.4K
          268.3K
          8.1K
          Lightweight, interpreted, object-oriented language with first-class functions
          352.4K
          268.3K
          + 1
          8.1K
          PROS OF JAVASCRIPT
          • 1.7K
            Can be used on frontend/backend
          • 1.5K
            It's everywhere
          • 1.2K
            Lots of great frameworks
          • 897
            Fast
          • 745
            Light weight
          • 425
            Flexible
          • 392
            You can't get a device today that doesn't run js
          • 286
            Non-blocking i/o
          • 237
            Ubiquitousness
          • 191
            Expressive
          • 55
            Extended functionality to web pages
          • 49
            Relatively easy language
          • 46
            Executed on the client side
          • 30
            Relatively fast to the end user
          • 25
            Pure Javascript
          • 21
            Functional programming
          • 15
            Async
          • 13
            Full-stack
          • 12
            Setup is easy
          • 12
            Future Language of The Web
          • 12
            Its everywhere
          • 11
            Because I love functions
          • 11
            JavaScript is the New PHP
          • 10
            Like it or not, JS is part of the web standard
          • 9
            Expansive community
          • 9
            Everyone use it
          • 9
            Can be used in backend, frontend and DB
          • 9
            Easy
          • 8
            Most Popular Language in the World
          • 8
            Powerful
          • 8
            Can be used both as frontend and backend as well
          • 8
            For the good parts
          • 8
            No need to use PHP
          • 8
            Easy to hire developers
          • 7
            Agile, packages simple to use
          • 7
            Love-hate relationship
          • 7
            Photoshop has 3 JS runtimes built in
          • 7
            Evolution of C
          • 7
            It's fun
          • 7
            Hard not to use
          • 7
            Versitile
          • 7
            Its fun and fast
          • 7
            Nice
          • 7
            Popularized Class-Less Architecture & Lambdas
          • 7
            Supports lambdas and closures
          • 6
            It let's me use Babel & Typescript
          • 6
            Can be used on frontend/backend/Mobile/create PRO Ui
          • 6
            1.6K Can be used on frontend/backend
          • 6
            Client side JS uses the visitors CPU to save Server Res
          • 6
            Easy to make something
          • 5
            Clojurescript
          • 5
            Promise relationship
          • 5
            Stockholm Syndrome
          • 5
            Function expressions are useful for callbacks
          • 5
            Scope manipulation
          • 5
            Everywhere
          • 5
            Client processing
          • 5
            What to add
          • 4
            Because it is so simple and lightweight
          • 4
            Only Programming language on browser
          • 1
            Test
          • 1
            Hard to learn
          • 1
            Test2
          • 1
            Not the best
          • 1
            Easy to understand
          • 1
            Subskill #4
          • 1
            Easy to learn
          • 0
            Hard 彤
          CONS OF JAVASCRIPT
          • 22
            A constant moving target, too much churn
          • 20
            Horribly inconsistent
          • 15
            Javascript is the New PHP
          • 9
            No ability to monitor memory utilitization
          • 8
            Shows Zero output in case of ANY error
          • 7
            Thinks strange results are better than errors
          • 6
            Can be ugly
          • 3
            No GitHub
          • 2
            Slow

          related JavaScript posts

          Zach Holman

          Oof. I have truly hated JavaScript for a long time. Like, for over twenty years now. Like, since the Clinton administration. It's always been a nightmare to deal with all of the aspects of that silly language.

          But wowza, things have changed. Tooling is just way, way better. I'm primarily web-oriented, and using React and Apollo together the past few years really opened my eyes to building rich apps. And I deeply apologize for using the phrase rich apps; I don't think I've ever said such Enterprisey words before.

          But yeah, things are different now. I still love Rails, and still use it for a lot of apps I build. But it's that silly rich apps phrase that's the problem. Users have way more comprehensive expectations than they did even five years ago, and the JS community does a good job at building tools and tech that tackle the problems of making heavy, complicated UI and frontend work.

          Obviously there's a lot of things happening here, so just saying "JavaScript isn't terrible" might encompass a huge amount of libraries and frameworks. But if you're like me, yeah, give things another shot- I'm somehow not hating on JavaScript anymore and... gulp... I kinda love it.

          See more
          Conor Myhrvold
          Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 44 upvotes · 10.9M views

          How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

          Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

          Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

          https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

          (GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

          Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

          See more
          Git logo

          Git

          291.4K
          174.9K
          6.6K
          Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
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          PROS OF GIT
          • 1.4K
            Distributed version control system
          • 1.1K
            Efficient branching and merging
          • 959
            Fast
          • 845
            Open source
          • 726
            Better than svn
          • 368
            Great command-line application
          • 306
            Simple
          • 291
            Free
          • 232
            Easy to use
          • 222
            Does not require server
          • 27
            Distributed
          • 22
            Small & Fast
          • 18
            Feature based workflow
          • 15
            Staging Area
          • 13
            Most wide-spread VSC
          • 11
            Role-based codelines
          • 11
            Disposable Experimentation
          • 7
            Frictionless Context Switching
          • 6
            Data Assurance
          • 5
            Efficient
          • 4
            Just awesome
          • 3
            Github integration
          • 3
            Easy branching and merging
          • 2
            Compatible
          • 2
            Flexible
          • 2
            Possible to lose history and commits
          • 1
            Rebase supported natively; reflog; access to plumbing
          • 1
            Light
          • 1
            Team Integration
          • 1
            Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
          • 1
            Easy
          • 1
            Flexible, easy, Safe, and fast
          • 1
            CLI is great, but the GUI tools are awesome
          • 1
            It's what you do
          • 0
            Phinx
          CONS OF GIT
          • 16
            Hard to learn
          • 11
            Inconsistent command line interface
          • 9
            Easy to lose uncommitted work
          • 7
            Worst documentation ever possibly made
          • 5
            Awful merge handling
          • 3
            Unexistent preventive security flows
          • 3
            Rebase hell
          • 2
            When --force is disabled, cannot rebase
          • 2
            Ironically even die-hard supporters screw up badly
          • 1
            Doesn't scale for big data

          related Git posts

          Simon Reymann
          Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 30 upvotes · 9.7M views

          Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

          • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
          • Respectively Git as revision control system
          • SourceTree as Git GUI
          • Visual Studio Code as IDE
          • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
          • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
          • SonarQube as quality gate
          • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
          • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
          • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
          • Heroku for deploying in test environments
          • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
          • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
          • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
          • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
          • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

          The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

          • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
          • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
          • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
          • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
          • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
          • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
          See more
          Tymoteusz Paul
          Devops guy at X20X Development LTD · | 23 upvotes · 8.7M views

          Often enough I have to explain my way of going about setting up a CI/CD pipeline with multiple deployment platforms. Since I am a bit tired of yapping the same every single time, I've decided to write it up and share with the world this way, and send people to read it instead ;). I will explain it on "live-example" of how the Rome got built, basing that current methodology exists only of readme.md and wishes of good luck (as it usually is ;)).

          It always starts with an app, whatever it may be and reading the readmes available while Vagrant and VirtualBox is installing and updating. Following that is the first hurdle to go over - convert all the instruction/scripts into Ansible playbook(s), and only stopping when doing a clear vagrant up or vagrant reload we will have a fully working environment. As our Vagrant environment is now functional, it's time to break it! This is the moment to look for how things can be done better (too rigid/too lose versioning? Sloppy environment setup?) and replace them with the right way to do stuff, one that won't bite us in the backside. This is the point, and the best opportunity, to upcycle the existing way of doing dev environment to produce a proper, production-grade product.

          I should probably digress here for a moment and explain why. I firmly believe that the way you deploy production is the same way you should deploy develop, shy of few debugging-friendly setting. This way you avoid the discrepancy between how production work vs how development works, which almost always causes major pains in the back of the neck, and with use of proper tools should mean no more work for the developers. That's why we start with Vagrant as developer boxes should be as easy as vagrant up, but the meat of our product lies in Ansible which will do meat of the work and can be applied to almost anything: AWS, bare metal, docker, LXC, in open net, behind vpn - you name it.

          We must also give proper consideration to monitoring and logging hoovering at this point. My generic answer here is to grab Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash. While for different use cases there may be better solutions, this one is well battle-tested, performs reasonably and is very easy to scale both vertically (within some limits) and horizontally. Logstash rules are easy to write and are well supported in maintenance through Ansible, which as I've mentioned earlier, are at the very core of things, and creating triggers/reports and alerts based on Elastic and Kibana is generally a breeze, including some quite complex aggregations.

          If we are happy with the state of the Ansible it's time to move on and put all those roles and playbooks to work. Namely, we need something to manage our CI/CD pipelines. For me, the choice is obvious: TeamCity. It's modern, robust and unlike most of the light-weight alternatives, it's transparent. What I mean by that is that it doesn't tell you how to do things, doesn't limit your ways to deploy, or test, or package for that matter. Instead, it provides a developer-friendly and rich playground for your pipelines. You can do most the same with Jenkins, but it has a quite dated look and feel to it, while also missing some key functionality that must be brought in via plugins (like quality REST API which comes built-in with TeamCity). It also comes with all the common-handy plugins like Slack or Apache Maven integration.

          The exact flow between CI and CD varies too greatly from one application to another to describe, so I will outline a few rules that guide me in it: 1. Make build steps as small as possible. This way when something breaks, we know exactly where, without needing to dig and root around. 2. All security credentials besides development environment must be sources from individual Vault instances. Keys to those containers should exist only on the CI/CD box and accessible by a few people (the less the better). This is pretty self-explanatory, as anything besides dev may contain sensitive data and, at times, be public-facing. Because of that appropriate security must be present. TeamCity shines in this department with excellent secrets-management. 3. Every part of the build chain shall consume and produce artifacts. If it creates nothing, it likely shouldn't be its own build. This way if any issue shows up with any environment or version, all developer has to do it is grab appropriate artifacts to reproduce the issue locally. 4. Deployment builds should be directly tied to specific Git branches/tags. This enables much easier tracking of what caused an issue, including automated identifying and tagging the author (nothing like automated regression testing!).

          Speaking of deployments, I generally try to keep it simple but also with a close eye on the wallet. Because of that, I am more than happy with AWS or another cloud provider, but also constantly peeking at the loads and do we get the value of what we are paying for. Often enough the pattern of use is not constantly erratic, but rather has a firm baseline which could be migrated away from the cloud and into bare metal boxes. That is another part where this approach strongly triumphs over the common Docker and CircleCI setup, where you are very much tied in to use cloud providers and getting out is expensive. Here to embrace bare-metal hosting all you need is a help of some container-based self-hosting software, my personal preference is with Proxmox and LXC. Following that all you must write are ansible scripts to manage hardware of Proxmox, similar way as you do for Amazon EC2 (ansible supports both greatly) and you are good to go. One does not exclude another, quite the opposite, as they can live in great synergy and cut your costs dramatically (the heavier your base load, the bigger the savings) while providing production-grade resiliency.

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