Gunicorn vs NGINX vs Unicorn

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Gunicorn

952
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78
NGINX

100.7K
49.8K
+ 1
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Unicorn

486
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Advice on Gunicorn, NGINX, and Unicorn

I am diving into web development, both front and back end. I feel comfortable with administration, scripting and moderate coding in bash, Python and C++, but I am also a Windows fan (i love inner conflict). What are the votes on web servers? IIS is expensive and restrictive (has Windows adoption of open source changed this?) Apache has the history but seems to be at the root of most of my Infosec issues, and I know nothing about nginx (is it too new to rely on?). And no, I don't know what I want to do on the web explicitly, but hosting and data storage (both cloud and tape) are possibilities. Ready, aim fire!

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Replies (1)
Simon Aronsson
Developer Advocate at k6 / Load Impact · | 4 upvotes · 351.7K views
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I would pick nginx over both IIS and Apace HTTP Server any day. Combine it with docker, and as you grow maybe even traefik, and you'll have a really flexible solution for serving http content where you can take sites and projects up and down without effort, easily move it between systems and dont have to handle any dependencies on your actual local machine.

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Needs advice
on
Apache HTTP ServerApache HTTP Server
and
NGINXNGINX

From a StackShare Community member: "We are a LAMP shop currently focused on improving web performance for our customers. We have made many front-end optimizations and now we are considering replacing Apache with nginx. I was wondering if others saw a noticeable performance gain or any other benefits by switching."

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Replies (3)
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I use nginx because it is very light weight. Where Apache tries to include everything in the web server, nginx opts to have external programs/facilities take care of that so the web server can focus on efficiently serving web pages. While this can seem inefficient, it limits the number of new bugs found in the web server, which is the element that faces the client most directly.

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Leandro Barral
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I use nginx because its more flexible and easy to configure

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Christian Cwienk
Software Developer at SAP · | 1 upvotes · 334.2K views

I use Apache HTTP Server because it's intuitive, comprehensive, well-documented, and just works

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Decisions about Gunicorn, NGINX, and Unicorn
Daniel Calvo
Co-Founder at Polpo Data Analytics & Software Development · | 8 upvotes · 87.8K views

For us, NGINX is a lite HTTP server easy to configure. On our research, we found a well-documented software we a lot of support from the community.

We have been using it alongside tools like certbot and it has been a total success.

We can easily configure our sites and have a folder for available vs enabled sites, and with the nginx -t command we can easily check everything is running fine.

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Grant Steuart
  • Server rendered HTML output from PHP is being migrated to the client as Vue.js components, future plans to provide additional content, and other new miscellaneous features all result in a substantial increase of static files needing to be served from the server. NGINX has better performance than Apache for serving static content.
  • The change to NGINX will require switching from PHP to PHP-FPM resulting in a distributed architecture with a higher complexity configuration, but this is outweighed by PHP-FPM being faster than PHP for processing requests.
  • The NGINX + PHP-FPM setup now allows for horizontally scaling of resources rather vertically scaling the previously combined Apache + PHP resources.
  • PHP shell tasks can now efficiently be decoupled from the application reducing main application footprint and allow for scaling of tasks on an individual basis.
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Pros of Gunicorn
Pros of NGINX
Pros of Unicorn
  • 34
    Python
  • 30
    Easy setup
  • 8
    Reliable
  • 3
    Light
  • 3
    Fast
  • 1.4K
    High-performance http server
  • 893
    Performance
  • 727
    Easy to configure
  • 606
    Open source
  • 529
    Load balancer
  • 287
    Scalability
  • 286
    Free
  • 223
    Web server
  • 174
    Simplicity
  • 135
    Easy setup
  • 29
    Content caching
  • 20
    Web Accelerator
  • 14
    Capability
  • 13
    Fast
  • 11
    High-latency
  • 11
    Predictability
  • 7
    Reverse Proxy
  • 6
    Supports http/2
  • 5
    The best of them
  • 4
    Lots of Modules
  • 4
    Enterprise version
  • 4
    Great Community
  • 3
    High perfomance proxy server
  • 3
    Reversy Proxy
  • 3
    Embedded Lua scripting
  • 3
    Streaming media
  • 3
    Streaming media delivery
  • 2
    Lightweight
  • 2
    Blash
  • 2
    Fast and easy to set up
  • 2
    Slim
  • 2
    saltstack
  • 1
    Ingress controller
  • 1
    GRPC-Web
  • 1
    Virtual hosting
  • 1
    Narrow focus. Easy to configure. Fast
  • 1
    Along with Redis Cache its the Most superior
  • 0
    A
  • 81
    Fast
  • 59
    Performance
  • 36
    Web server
  • 30
    Open Source
  • 30
    Very light
  • 27
    Rack http server
  • 18
    Load balancing
  • 14
    Great process management

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Cons of Gunicorn
Cons of NGINX
Cons of Unicorn
    Be the first to leave a con
    • 8
      Advanced features require subscription
    • 4
      Not multithreaded

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    What is Gunicorn?

    Gunicorn is a pre-fork worker model ported from Ruby's Unicorn project. The Gunicorn server is broadly compatible with various web frameworks, simply implemented, light on server resources, and fairly speedy.

    What is NGINX?

    nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as a mail proxy server, written by Igor Sysoev. According to Netcraft nginx served or proxied 30.46% of the top million busiest sites in Jan 2018.

    What is Unicorn?

    Unicorn is an HTTP server for Rack applications designed to only serve fast clients on low-latency, high-bandwidth connections and take advantage of features in Unix/Unix-like kernels. Slow clients should only be served by placing a reverse proxy capable of fully buffering both the the request and response in between Unicorn and slow clients.

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    What companies use Gunicorn?
    What companies use NGINX?
    What companies use Unicorn?

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    What tools integrate with Gunicorn?
    What tools integrate with NGINX?
    What tools integrate with Unicorn?
      No integrations found

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      Blog Posts

      What are some alternatives to Gunicorn, NGINX, and Unicorn?
      uWSGI
      The uWSGI project aims at developing a full stack for building hosting services.
      Flask
      Flask is intended for getting started very quickly and was developed with best intentions in mind.
      Waitress
      It is meant to be a production-quality pure-Python WSGI server with very acceptable performance. It has no dependencies except ones which live in the Python standard library. It runs on CPython on Unix and Windows under Python 2.7+ and Python 3.4+. It is also known to run on PyPy 1.6.0 on UNIX.
      gevent
      It is a coroutine -based Python networking library that uses greenlet to provide a high-level synchronous API on top of the libev or libuv event loop.
      Apache HTTP Server
      The Apache HTTP Server is a powerful and flexible HTTP/1.1 compliant web server. Originally designed as a replacement for the NCSA HTTP Server, it has grown to be the most popular web server on the Internet.
      See all alternatives